Themiscyra (Pontus)


Themiscyra (Pontus)

Themiscyra or Themiskyra (Greek: polytonic|Θεμίσκυρα), was an ancient Greek town a little distance from the coast and near the mouth of the Thermodon (mod. Terme River). The town is mentioned as early as the time of Herodotus (iv. 86; "comp." Scylax, p. 33; Paus. i. 2. § 1). Ptolemy (v. 6 § 3) is undoubtedly mistaken in placing it further west, midway between the Iris (mod. Yeşil River) and Cape Heraclium. Scylax calls it a Greek town; but Diodorus (ii. 44) states that it was built by the founder of the kingdom of the Amazons. After the retreat of Mithridates VI from Cyzicus, Themiscyra was besieged by Lucullus. The inhabitants on that occasion defended themselves with great valor; and when their walls were undermined, they sent bears and other wild beasts, and even swarms of bees, against the workmen of Lucullus (Appian, "Mithrid." 78). But notwithstanding their gallant defence, the town seems to have perished on that occasion, for Mela speaks of it as no longer existing (i. 19), and Strabo does not mention it at all. ("Comp." Anon. "Peripl. P. E." p. 11; Steph. B. "s. v." unicode|Χαδισία.) Some suppose that the town of Terme (Therme), at the mouth of the Thermodon, marks the site of ancient Themiscyra; but Hamilton (Researches, i. p. 283) justly observes that it must have been situated a little further inland. Ruins of the place do not appear to exist, for those which Texier regards as indicating the site of Themiscyra, at a distance of two days' journey from the Halys (mod. Kızılırmak), on the borders of Galatia, cannot possibly have belonged to it, but are in all probability the remains of Tavium. The editors of the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, place Themiscyra "at or near" Terme. [Barrington|87 & notes]

References

*SmithDGRG


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Themiscyra — may refer to: *Themiscyra (Pontus) *Themiscyra Plain *Themiscyra (mythology)ee also* Themyscira …   Wikipedia

  • Themiscyra Plain — Themiscyra (Greek: polytonic|Θεμίσκυρα), was a plain in the north of Pontus, about the mouths of the rivers Iris (mod. Yeşil) and Thermodon (mod. Terme). It was a rich and beautiful district, ever verdant, and supplying food for numberless herds… …   Wikipedia

  • Themiscyra — Themiscyra, Ebene in Pontus, zwischen den Flüssen Iris und Thermodon, der spätern Mythe nach ehemals Sitz der Amazonen; gleichnamige, längst zerstörte Stadt daselbst …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Sebastopolis (Pontus) — Sebastopolis ( el. Σεβαστόπολις) was a town in Pontus, of unknown site (Ptol. v. 6. § 9), though, from the place it occupies in the list of Ptolemy, it must have been situated in the south of Themiscyra.References*SmithDGRG …   Wikipedia

  • Temiscira — (griego Θεμίσκυρα) fue una antigua ciudad griega, emplazada a corta distancia de la costa anatólica suroriental del Mar Negro (el Ponto Euxino de los griegos), cercana de la desembocadura del río Termodonte, en la región de Capadocia (Turquía),… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pontic Greeks — Infobox Ethnic group group = Pontic Greeks nowrap|Έλληνες του Πόντου (Ρωμιοί) Pontic Greek man population = c. 3,000,000 regions = Greece, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Turkey religions = Greek Orthodox Christianity, Sunni Islam langiages …   Wikipedia

  • Amazons — For other uses, see Amazon (disambiguation). Amazon preparing for a battle (Queen Antiop or Armed Venus), by Pierre Eugène Emile Hébert 1860 (National Gallery of Art, Washington …   Wikipedia

  • РУССКИЙ УКАЗАТЕЛЬ СТАТЕЙ — Абант Άβας Danaus Абанты Άβαντες Абарис Άβαρις Абдера Abdera Абдулонома Абдул Abdulonymus Абелла Abella Абеллинум Abellinum Абеона Abeona Абидос или Абид… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Argonavtae — ARGONAVTAE, árum, Gr. Ἀργονάυτααι, ῶν. 1 §. Namen. Diesen haben sie von ihrem Schiffe Argo, worinnen sie nach Kolchis fuhren, und ναύται, Schiffer, da sie so viel heißen, als Leute, die in dem Schiffe Argo gefahren. Sonst werden sie auch Myniæ… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon