subdivision_name1 = Aegean
subdivision_name2 = Manisa| population_total =
latd = 38
latm = 21
latNS = N
longd = 28
longm = 31
longEW = E
blank_info = 45|blank_name=Licence plate
website = [http://www.alasehir.bel.tr/ http://www.alasehir.bel.tr/]
Alaşehir (Greek: Philadélphia (Φιλαδέλφεια)) is a town and district of
Manisa Provincein the Aegean region of Turkey. It is situated in the valley of the Kuzuçay ( Cogamusin antiquity), at the foot of the Bozdağ (Mount Tmolusin antiquity). The city is connected to İzmirby a convert|105|km|mi|0|abbr=on railway.
It stands on elevated ground commanding the extensive and fertile plain of the
Gediz River, ( Hermusin antiquity) presents at a distance an imposing appearance. It has several mosques and Christian churches. There are small industries and a fair trade. From one of the mineral springs comes a heavily charged water popular around Turkey.
Within Turkey, the city's name is synonymous with the dried Sultana
raisins, although cultivation for the fresh fruit market, less labour-intensive than the dried fruit, gained prominence in the last decades. Named Philadelphia in antiquity, Alaşehir was a highly important center in the early- Christianand Byzantine periods, and remained a titular seeof the Roman Catholic Church. [CathEncy|wstitle=Philadelphia]
Alaşehir began as perhaps one of the first ancient cities with the name Philadelphia. It was established in
189 BCby King Eumenes IIof Pergamon(197- 160 BC). Eumenes IInamed the city for the love of his brother, who would be his successor, Attalus II(159- 138 BC), whose loyalty earned him the nickname, "Philadelphos", literally meaning "one who loves his brother". The city is perhaps best-known as the site of one of the seven churches of Asiain the Book of Revelation.
Lacking an heir, Attalus III Philometer, the last of the Attalid kings of Pergamum, bequeathed his kingdom, including Philadelphia, to his Roman allies when he died in
133 BC. Rome established the province of Asia in 129 BCby combining Ioniaand the former Kingdom of Pergamum.
Philadelphia was an independent neutral city, under the influence of the Latin
Knights of Rhodes, when taken in 1390by Sultan Bayezid Iand an auxiliary Christianforce under the Byzantine emperor Manuel II after a prolonged resistance, when all the other cities of Asia Minor had surrendered. Twelve years later it was captured by Timur, who built a wall with the corpses of his prisoners. A fragment of the ghastly structure is in the library of Lincoln Cathedral.
Philadelphia was the last Byzantine stronghold in inner Asia Minor. Its Greek inhabitants fled the town during
World War Iand created Nea Filadelfeia, in Greece.
Philadelphia in the Book of Revelation
It is this ancient Philadelphia site that is commonly surmised to have been the headquarters of one of the seven churches referred by John in the
Book of Revelation. [Revelation 1:11 King James Version] Philadelphia is the sixth church of the seven.
Revelation 1:11 ,"Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea." [Revelation 1:11 King James Version]
Revelation 3:7 ,"And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth." [Revelation 3:7 King James Version]
Greek occupation in Alaşehir (1919-1922)
Notable people from Alaşehir
Joannes Laurentius Lydus(b. 490) Greek administrator and writer
Kenan Evren, Turkish president and general
*"The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia And their place in the plan of the Apocalypse", W. M. Ramsay, D.C.L, Litt.D., LL.D., Professor of Humanity in the University of Aberdeen, 1904
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Alasehir — Alaşehir Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alasehir — Alaşehir Pour les articles homonymes, voir Philadelphie. Alaşehir Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Alaşehir — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Alaşehir Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alaşehir — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Philadelphie. Alaşehir … Wikipédia en Français
Alaşehir — ▪ Turkey town, western Turkey. It lies in the Kuzu River valley, at the foot of the Boz Mountain. Founded about 150 BC by a king of Pergamum, it became an important town of the Byzantine Empire. It was not taken by the Ottomans until after… … Universalium
Alasehir — Original name in latin Alaehir Name in other language Ala Shehr, Alachehir, Alachehr, Alaschehir, Alasehir, Alashehir, Alashekhir, Alaehir, Alesehir, Aleehir, Filadelfeia, Philadelphia, arashehiru, Алашехир State code TR Continent/City… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Alaşehir — or ancient Philadelphia geographical name city W Turkey 75 miles (121 kilometers) E of Izmir population 36,535 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Alaşehir — is., öz. Manisa iline bağlı ilçelerden biri … Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük
Alaşehir Çayı — La rivière d Alaşehir (Alaşehir Çayı) est formé par le confluent de la rivière Derbent Deresi coupée par le barrage de Buldan (province de Denizli) et de la rivière Derbent Çayı coupée par le barrage d Afşar (province de Manisa). C est un… … Wikipédia en Français
Alaschehr — Alaşehir Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia