Alaşehir


Alaşehir

Infobox Settlement
settlement_type = Town
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = TUR
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
map_caption =Location of Alaşehir within Turkey.
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3

official_name = Alaşehir



subdivision_type1=Region
subdivision_name1 = Aegean
subdivision_type2=Province
subdivision_name2 = Manisa| population_total =
population_as_of =
population_footnotes =
population_density_km2 =
area_total_km2 =
elevation_m =
latd = 38
latm = 21
latNS = N
longd = 28
longm = 31
longEW = E
postal_code =
area_code =
blank_info = 45|blank_name=Licence plate
leader_name =
website = [http://www.alasehir.bel.tr/ http://www.alasehir.bel.tr/]

Alaşehir (Greek: Philadélphia (Φιλαδέλφεια)) is a town and district of Manisa Province in the Aegean region of Turkey. It is situated in the valley of the Kuzuçay (Cogamus in antiquity), at the foot of the Bozdağ (Mount Tmolus in antiquity). The city is connected to İzmir by a convert|105|km|mi|0|abbr=on railway.

It stands on elevated ground commanding the extensive and fertile plain of the Gediz River, (Hermus in antiquity) presents at a distance an imposing appearance. It has several mosques and Christian churches. There are small industries and a fair trade. From one of the mineral springs comes a heavily charged water popular around Turkey.

Within Turkey, the city's name is synonymous with the dried Sultana raisins, although cultivation for the fresh fruit market, less labour-intensive than the dried fruit, gained prominence in the last decades. Named Philadelphia in antiquity, Alaşehir was a highly important center in the early-Christian and Byzantine periods, and remained a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. [CathEncy|wstitle=Philadelphia]

Ancient Philadelphia

Alaşehir began as perhaps one of the first ancient cities with the name Philadelphia. It was established in 189 BC by King Eumenes II of Pergamon (197-160 BC). Eumenes II named the city for the love of his brother, who would be his successor, Attalus II (159-138 BC), whose loyalty earned him the nickname, "Philadelphos", literally meaning "one who loves his brother". The city is perhaps best-known as the site of one of the seven churches of Asia in the Book of Revelation.

Lacking an heir, Attalus III Philometer, the last of the Attalid kings of Pergamum, bequeathed his kingdom, including Philadelphia, to his Roman allies when he died in 133 BC. Rome established the province of Asia in 129 BC by combining Ionia and the former Kingdom of Pergamum.

Philadelphia was an independent neutral city, under the influence of the Latin Knights of Rhodes, when taken in 1390 by Sultan Bayezid I and an auxiliary Christian force under the Byzantine emperor Manuel II after a prolonged resistance, when all the other cities of Asia Minor had surrendered. Twelve years later it was captured by Timur, who built a wall with the corpses of his prisoners. A fragment of the ghastly structure is in the library of Lincoln Cathedral.

Philadelphia was the last Byzantine stronghold in inner Asia Minor. Its Greek inhabitants fled the town during World War I and created Nea Filadelfeia, in Greece.

Philadelphia in the Book of Revelation

It is this ancient Philadelphia site that is commonly surmised to have been the headquarters of one of the seven churches referred by John in the Book of Revelation. [Revelation 1:11 King James Version] Philadelphia is the sixth church of the seven.

Revelation 1:11 ,"Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea." [Revelation 1:11 King James Version]

Revelation 3:7 ,"And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth." [Revelation 3:7 King James Version]

Turkish history

Greek occupation in Alaşehir (1919-1922)

Modern Alaşehir

Notable people from Alaşehir

* Joannes Laurentius Lydus (b. 490) Greek administrator and writer
* Kenan Evren, Turkish president and general

Notes

References

*"The Letters to the Seven Churches of Asia And their place in the plan of the Apocalypse", W. M. Ramsay, D.C.L, Litt.D., LL.D., Professor of Humanity in the University of Aberdeen, 1904
*http://www.ephesusguide.com/seven_churches_philadelphia.php
*http://www.enjoyturkey.com/Tours/Interest/Biblicals/philadelphia.htm
*http://www.toursforchurches.co.uk/turkey-churches.htm
*http://www.luthersem.edu/ckoester/Revelation/Philadelphia/main.htm


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alasehir — Alaşehir Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alasehir — Alaşehir Pour les articles homonymes, voir Philadelphie. Alaşehir Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alaşehir — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Alaşehir Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alaşehir — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Philadelphie. Alaşehir …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alaşehir — ▪ Turkey       town, western Turkey. It lies in the Kuzu River valley, at the foot of the Boz Mountain. Founded about 150 BC by a king of Pergamum, it became an important town of the Byzantine Empire. It was not taken by the Ottomans until after… …   Universalium

  • Alasehir — Original name in latin Alaehir Name in other language Ala Shehr, Alachehir, Alachehr, Alaschehir, Alasehir, Alashehir, Alashekhir, Alaehir, Alesehir, Aleehir, Filadelfeia, Philadelphia, arashehiru, Алашехир State code TR Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Alaşehir — or ancient Philadelphia geographical name city W Turkey 75 miles (121 kilometers) E of Izmir population 36,535 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Alaşehir — is., öz. Manisa iline bağlı ilçelerden biri …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Alaşehir Çayı — La rivière d Alaşehir (Alaşehir Çayı) est formé par le confluent de la rivière Derbent Deresi coupée par le barrage de Buldan (province de Denizli) et de la rivière Derbent Çayı coupée par le barrage d Afşar (province de Manisa). C est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alaschehr — Alaşehir Hilfe zu Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.