Avizafone


Avizafone

Drugbox
IUPAC_name =(2"S")-2,6-diamino-"N"-{ [(2-benzoyl-4-chloro-phenyl)-
methyl-carbamoyl] methyl}hexanamide



CAS_number=65617-86-9
ATC_prefix=
ATC_suffix=
ATC_supplemental=
PubChem=71968
DrugBank=
C=22 | H=27 | Cl=1 | N=4 | O=3
molecular_weight = 430.928 g/mol
bioavailability=
metabolism =
elimination_half-life=
excretion =
pregnancy_category =
legal_status =
routes_of_administration= Intramuscular injection

Avizafone (Pro-Diazepam) is a water-soluble prodrug of diazepam. It can be administered intramuscularly.

Avizafone is metabolised by enzymes in the blood to form the active drug diazepam. It is used mainly as an antidote to poisoning with organophosphate nerve agents. [Karlsson B, Lindgren B, Millquist E, Sandberg M, Sellstrom A. On the use of diazepam and pro-diazepam (2-benzoyl-4-chloro-N-methyl-N-lysylglycin anilide), as adjunct antidotes in the treatment of organophosphorus intoxication in the guinea-pig. "Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology". 1990 Apr;42(4):247-51.] [Lallement G, Renault F, Baubichon D, Peoc'h M, Burckhart MF, Galonnier M, Clarencon D, Jourdil N. Compared efficacy of diazepam or avizafone to prevent soman-induced electroencephalographic disturbances and neuropathology in primates: relationship to plasmatic benzodiazepine pharmacokinetics. "Archives of Toxicology". 2000 Oct;74(8):480-6.] [Taysse L, Calvet JH, Buee J, Christin D, Delamanche S, Breton P. Comparative efficacy of diazepam and avizafone against sarin-induced neuropathology and respiratory failure in guinea pigs: influence of atropine dose. "Toxicology". 2003 Jun 30;188(2-3):197-209.]

References


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