Pembina, North Dakota


Pembina, North Dakota

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Pembina, North Dakota
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =




imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Building and water tower in Pembina


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Pembina, North Dakota


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = North Dakota
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Pembina

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =

area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 2.0
area_land_km2 = 2.0
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 0.8
area_land_sq_mi = 0.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 642
population_density_km2 = 325.5
population_density_sq_mi = 843.1

timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 237
elevation_ft = 778
latd = 48 |latm = 57 |lats = 59 |latNS = N
longd = 97 |longm = 14 |longs = 43 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 58271
area_code = 701
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 38-61580GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1030666GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Pembina (pronEng|ˈpɛmbɪnə, Audio|pembina-nd.ogg|listen) is a city in Pembina County, North Dakota in the United States. The population was 642 at the 2000 census.

Pembina is the oldest community in the Dakotas. [http://pembina.govoffice.com/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={8E987F94-7051-4F71-AF15-449A0D02C4B6} History of Pembina] - City of Pembina website] A fur-trading post was established on the site of present-day Pembina in 1797 and the first permanent settlement started in 1812. [http://pembina.govoffice.com/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={8E987F94-7051-4F71-AF15-449A0D02C4B6} History of Pembina] - City of Pembina website] Until 1823, Pembina was thought to be in British Canada, but in that year United States Army Major Stephen H. Long's survey of the 49th parallel revealed Pembina's location south of the international boundary. [ [http://www.prairiepublic.org/programs/datebook/bydate/04/0804/080504.jsp] Where is Pembina? - Prairie Radio website] The first post office in present-day North Dakota was established in Pembina in 1851. [ [http://www.nd.gov/hist/chrono.htm Chronological history of North Dakota] - State Historical Society] Pembina served as county seat from 1867 to 1911.

Pembina is near the northern end of Interstate 29 at the Canada-United States border at Emerson, Manitoba. It is a significant crossing for road traffic headed to and from Winnipeg, Manitoba and is one of three 24-hour ports of entry in North Dakota (the others are Portal and Dunseith).

Pembina is home to the U.S. satellite plant of Motor Coach Industries, which completes assembly of intercity buses, for customers including Greyhound Lines.

History

The Pembina area originally was the point of intersection of the Sioux Indians, the Chippewa Indians and the Assiniboine Indians, who competed for hegemony over the territory beginning with the first introduction of firearms in the late 1500s. The first known European visitors to the Pembina region were the Vérendrye family in the early 1700s. While much of the surrounding territory was settled by whites only in the late 1870s and 1880s, Pembina has a rich history dating back well over 200 years, associated with the fur trade and American bison; the histories of French Canada, Hudson's Bay Company, the Métis people, Selkirk Colony, Seven Oaks Massacre, the Red River Rebellion, Assiniboia, and Manitoba; the Red River of the North, Red River ox cart trains and the Red River Trails over which they traveled; Dakota and Minnesota territories; and border politics. The Pembina River and the Pembina Band of the Ojibwe Indians on the Turtle Mountain Reservation have been chronicled by the noted American author Louise Erdrich. Only in the past few years have Pembiners recognized their unique heritage.

Geography

Pembina is located at coor dms|48|57|59|N|97|14|43|W|city (48.966423, -97.245142),GR|1 at the confluence of the Red River of the North and the Pembina River. The city of St. Vincent, Minnesota lies adjacent to the east, across the Red River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 642 people, 250 households, and 177 families residing in the city. The population density was 843.1 people per square mile (326.2/km²). There were 274 housing units at an average density of 359.8/sq mi (139.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.57% White, 0.16% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 1.56% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.87% of the population.

There were 250 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $55,536, and the median income for a family was $59,722. Males had a median income of $35,250 versus $26,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,278. About 4.5% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

ites of interest

*LaMoure Memorial Golf Club - a nine-hole golf course located four blocks south of City Park in Pembina. It measures convert|2446|yd from the back tees.

*Pembina State Museum - interpretative exhibits commemorating establishment of Pembina in 1797 as the earliest settlement in what is now the State of North Dakota.

Notes

External links

* [http://cityofpembina.org City of Pembina official website]
* [http://pembina.govoffice.com/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={8E987F94-7051-4F71-AF15-449A0D02C4B6} History of Pembina] - city website


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