Dura, Hebron


Dura, Hebron
Dura
Other transcription(s)
 - Arabic دورا
 - Also spelled Durrah (official)

Municipal Seal of Dura
Dura is located in the Palestinian territories
Dura
Location of Dura within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°30′24.45″N 35°01′39.78″E / 31.5067917°N 35.0277167°E / 31.5067917; 35.0277167Coordinates: 31°30′24.45″N 35°01′39.78″E / 31.5067917°N 35.0277167°E / 31.5067917; 35.0277167
Governorate Hebron
Government
 - Type City (from 1967)
 - Head of Municipality Mustafa Khalil Rjoub
Population (2007)
 - Jurisdiction 28,268

Dura (Arabic: دورا‎) is a Palestinian town located eleven kilometers southwest of Hebron in the Hebron Governorate in the southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of over 28,268 in 2007.[1] The current mayor is Mustafa Khalil Rjoub.

Contents

Etymology

According to the municipality, the name "Dura" is derived from a Canaanite word meaning house and not the Arabic word for corn.

Its ancient name is Adoraim, and is mentioned in the Bible (2 Chronicles 11:9) as one of the cities fortified by Rehoboam.
The town was referred to as "Adora" during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Between the years 57 and 47 BCE, the region of ancient Palestine was divided into five districts, or synedria, with Adora likely serving as the capital of eastern Idumaea.[2] After this, Idumaea became attached to the district of Judaea to the north, and the once heavily Hellenized city became predominantly Jewish.[3] It seems to have remained so until the spread of Christianity in Palestine in the Byzantine period (beginning in the late fourth century CE).
For more information on the Biblical reference to Adora/Adurim/Adoraim see Adurim.

History

In the early Muslim period, Dura was famous for its vineyards and a type of raisin called Duri.[4]

In 1596, Dura appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Khalil of the Liwa of Quds. It had a population of 49 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, olives, vines or fruit trees, and goats or beehives.[5]

In 1883, the Survey of Western Palestine described Dura as "A large and nourishing village on the flat slope of a hill, with open ground on the east for about a mile. This plain is cultivated with corn. To the north of Dura are a few olives, and others on the south. The houses are of stone. South of the village are two Mukams with white domes; and on the west, higher than the village, is the tomb of Neby Nuh. Near these there are rock-cut sepulchres. The place is well supplied from three springs on the east and one on the south."[6]

During the Ottoman period, Dura's inhabitants staged an uprising against the Egyptian Ibrahim Pasha, who was rebelling against the legitimate Ottoman sultan. Similar uprisings occurred against the British Mandate and Dura was besieged by the British for six months and was forced to pay fines.[citation needed]

The report of the 1931 census wrote that "the village in the Hebron sub-district commonly known as Dura is a congeries of neighbouring localities each of which has a distinctive name; and, while Dura is a remarkable example of neighbourly agglutination, the phenomenon is not infrequent in other villages". The total of 70 locations listed in report was 1538 occupied houses and a population of 7255 Muslims.[7]

Dura was established as a municipality on January 1, 1967, five months before it was occupied by Israel during the Six-Day War. After the Palestinian National Authority was ceded control of the town in 1995, a local committee was set up to prevent land confiscation from the town and the municipal council was expanded. Many Palestinian ministries and governmental institutions opened offices in Dura, enhancing its role in Palestinian politics.

Climate

The climate of Dura is dry in the summers and experiences moderate precipitation during winter. Average annual precipitation depend on specific geographic locations within the town. The area of Dahr Alhadaba receives an annual average of 400–600 mm of rain, southern slopes 300–400 mm and the northern region of the Dura hills 250-300.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.119.
  2. ^ Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 14.91; and M. Avi-Yonah, The Holy Land: A Historical Geography from the Perisan to the Arab Conquest (Jerusalem: Carta, 2002), p. 84.
  3. ^ Avi-Yonah, p. 96.
  4. ^ The Pilgrimage of Arculfus in the Holy Land (ca. 670). Palestine Pilgrims Text Society. 1895. p. 69. 
  5. ^ Wolf-Dieter Hütteroth and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 124. 
  6. ^ C. R. Conder and H. H. Kitchener (1883). The Survey of Western Palestine. III. London: The Committe of the Palestine Exploration Fund. p. 304. 
  7. ^ E. Mills, ed (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. pp. Preface,28–32. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dura — may refer to: Dura (town), a Palestinian town in the southern West Bank located eleven kilometers southwest of Hebron in the Hebron Governorate Dura language, a critically endangered language of Nepal Dura Automotive Systems, an American… …   Wikipedia

  • Hebron Governorate — The Hebron Governorate ( ar. محافظة الخليل) is an administrative district of the Palestinian National Authority in the southern West Bank. The governorate s land area is 1,060 square kilometers and its population according to the Palestinian… …   Wikipedia

  • Dura al Qar` — Original name in latin Dr al Qar‘ Name in other language Dura al Qar , Dura el Qar , Dr al Qar‘, Dr el Qar‘ State code PS Continent/City Asia/Hebron longitude 31.95862 latitude 35.22714 altitude 725 Population 2858 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Dura — Original name in latin Dr Name in other language Dura, Durah, Dury, Drah, Dr dwra, Дуры State code PS Continent/City Asia/Hebron longitude 31.50777 latitude 35.02929 altitude 871 Population 20835 Date 2012 02 28 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Israeli-Palestinian conflict in Hebron — The Israeli Palestinian conflict in Hebron is a microcosm of the wider Israeli Palestinian conflict. The conflict in Hebron is being played out in a city of 160,000 Palestinians and a Israeli settler population of 500 800 living in close… …   Wikipedia

  • Gobernación de Hebrón — محافظة الخليل Organización territorial de Palestina Cap …   Wikipedia Español

  • Synagogue de Dura-Europos — Synagogue de Doura Europos 34° 44′ 51″ N 40° 43′ 38″ E / 34.7474, 40.7272 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nuba, Hebron — Nuba Other transcription(s)  – Arabic نوبا …   Wikipedia

  • Adora, Har Hebron — Adora ( he. אֲדוֹרָה, also Adorah) is a communal, Israeli settlement in the southern West Bank area of Judea, northwest of Hebron, and under the jurisdiction of the Har Hebron Regional Council. Ideologically, Adora identifies with the Herut Betar …   Wikipedia

  • Doura — for the town in Guinea see Doura, Guinea for the Palestinian town in Hebron, see Dura, Hebron for the neighborhood in Baghdad, see Dora, Baghdad Doura   Village   Country …   Wikipedia