St Albans (UK Parliament constituency)


St Albans (UK Parliament constituency)

UK constituency infobox
Name = St Albans
Map1 = StAlbans
Map2 = Hertfordshire
Type = County
Year = 1554, 1885
Entity = Hertfordshire
County = Hertfordshire
EP = East of England
MP = Anne Main
Party = Conservative

St Albans is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Established in 1885, it is a county constituency in Hertfordshire, and elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election; between 1554 and 1852 there was a parliamentary borough of the same name, consisting only of the city of St Albans, which elected two MPs.

Boundaries

The St Albans constituency lies is in the English county of Hertfordshire. It comprises the cathedral city of St Albans and some of the surrounding countryside, mainly to the south of the city.

History

The constituency elected a borough representative for over 300 years, until it was disenfranchised as a result of an electoral corruption in 1852. The constituency was re-established in 1885.

Prior to 1997 the St Albans parliamentary constituency included the town of Harpenden, and was historically held by the Conservative Party.
Peter Lilley was a notable recent Conservative MP for the constituency. Following boundary changes in 1997, he moved to contest the newly created neighbouring constituency of Hitchin and Harpenden.

Members of Parliament

1553-1640

* 1553-1554: John Maynard
* 1584-1598: Henry Maynard
* 1604-1611: Sir Thomas Parry
* 1604-1611: Sir Henry Holmes
* 1621-1622: Sir Thomas Richardson
* 1621-1622: Henry Mewtas
* 1625-1626: Sir Charles Morrison
* 1628-1629: Sir John Jennings

1640-1852

Election results

Election box candidate with party link
party = Green Party of England and Wales
candidate = Pete Eggleston
votes =
percentage =
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = Richard Evans
votes =
percentage =
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Anne Main
votes =
percentage =
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Roma Mills
votes =
percentage =
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Sandy Walkington
votes =
percentage =
change =

Election box begin
title=General Election 2005: St Albans
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Anne Main
votes = 16,953
percentage = 37.3
change = +2.1
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Kerry Pollard
votes = 15,592
percentage = 34.3
change = −11.1
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Michael Green
votes = 11,561
percentage = 25.4
change = +7.5
Election box candidate with party link
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = Richard Evans
votes = 707
percentage = 1.6
change = +0.2
Election box candidate
party = St Albans Party
candidate = Janet Girsman
votes = 430
percentage = –
change = –
Election box candidate
party = Independent
candidate = Mark Reynolds
votes = 219
percentage = –
change = –
Election box majority
votes = 1,361
percentage = 3.0
change = –
Election box turnout
votes = 45,462
percentage = 70.0
change = +3.7
Election box gain with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
loser = Labour Party (UK)
swing = 6.6

Election box begin
title=General Election 2001: St Albans
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Kerry Pollard
votes = 19,889
percentage = 45.4
change = +3.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Charles Elphicke
votes = 15,423
percentage = 35.2
change = +2.0
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Nick Rijke
votes = 7,847
percentage = 17.9
change = −3.1
Election box candidate with party link
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = Chris Sherwin
votes = 602
percentage = 1.4
change = –
Election box majority
votes = 4,466
percentage = 10.2
change = +1.4
Election box turnout
votes = 43,761
percentage = 66.3
change = −11.2
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing = 0.7

Election box begin
title=General Election 1997: St Albans
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Kerry Pollard
votes = 21,338
percentage = 42.0
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = David Rutley
votes = 16,879
percentage = 33.2
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Anthony Rowlands
votes = 10,692
percentage = 21.0
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Referendum Party
candidate = Jim Warrilow
votes = 1,619
percentage = 3.2
change = –
Election box candidate
party = Rainbow Alliance
candidate = Sari Craigen
votes = 166
percentage = 0.3
change = –
Election box candidate with party link
party = Natural Law Party
candidate = Ian Docker
votes = 111
percentage = 0.2
change = –
Election box majority
votes = 4,459
percentage = 8.8
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 50,805
percentage = 77.5
change =
Election box gain with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
loser = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

See also

* List of Parliamentary constituencies in Hertfordshire

Notes and references

*Robert Beatson, "A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament" (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [http://books.google.com/books?vid=024wW9LmFc5kXY0FI2&id=Gh2wKY2rkDUC&printsec=toc&dq=Return+of+Members+of+Parliament&as_brr=1&sig=SK5GVtGLfWQ9ovZDbyZObAyIO5I#PPP9,M1]
*D Brunton & D H Pennington, "Members of the Long Parliament" (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
*"Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803" (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [http://www2.odl.ox.ac.uk/gsdl/cgi-bin/library?e=p-000-00---0modhis06--00-0-0-0prompt-10---4------0-1l--1-en-50---20-about---00001-001-1-1isoZz-8859Zz-1-0&a=d&cl=CL1]
*F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885" (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
*Henry Stooks Smith, "The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847" (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
*Rayment

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/vote2005/html/498.stm 2005 voting statistics] from the BBC
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/vote2001/results_constituencies/constituencies/498.stm 2001 and 1997 voting statistics] from the BBC
* [http://www.obv.org.uk/elec2001/areaprof/stalbans.html OBV]
* [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/election/constituency/0,,200-528,00.html Coverage from] "The Times"


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