Homininae


Homininae

Taxobox
name = Homininae



image_width = 250px
image_caption = Common Chimpanzee
in Cameroon's South Province
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Primates
superfamilia = Hominoidea
familia = Hominidae
subfamilia = Homininae
subfamilia_authority = Gray, 1825
subdivision_ranks = Tribes
subdivision =
Gorillini
Hominini
and see text

Homininae is a subfamily of Hominidae, including humans and some extinct relatives, as well as the gorillas and the chimpanzees. It comprises all those , such as "Australopithecus", that arose after the split from the other great apes (of which orangutans are the only surviving group).

Until 1980, the family Hominidae contained only humans, with the great apes in the family Pongidae.cite book | author = M. Goodman | year = 1964 | chapter = Man’s place in the phylogeny of the primates as reflected in serum proteins | editor = S. L. Washburn | title = Classification and human evolution | publisher = Aldine, Chicago|pages = 204–234] Discoveries led to a revision of classification, with the great apes (now Ponginae) and humans (Homininae) united in Hominidae.cite journal | journal = Annual Review of Anthropology | volume = 3 | pages = 203–228 | year = 1974 | doi = 10.1146/annurev.an.03.100174.001223 | title = Biochemical Evidence on Hominid Phylogeny | author = M. Goodman] But further discoveries indicated that gorillas and chimpanzees are more closely related to humans than they are to orangutans, hence their current placement in Homininae.cite journal | journal = Journal of Molecular Evolution | year = 1990 | volume = 30 | pages = 260–266 | url = http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=2109087&dopt=Abstract | title = Primate evolution at the DNA level and a classification of hominoids | author = M. Goodman, D. A. Tagle, D. H. Fitch, W. Bailey, J. Czelusniak, B. F. Koop, P. Benson, J. L. Slightom | doi = 10.1007/BF02099995 ] Hominoid taxonomy has had several changes in the classification of apes in recent years.

The subfamily Homininae can be further subdivided into the tribes Gorillini (gorillas) and Hominini (chimpanzees and humans). The early Late Miocene "Nakalipithecus nakayamai", described in 2007, and perhaps also its contemporary "Ouranopithecus", are basal members of this clade, not assignable to either the gorilla or the chimpanzee-humans lineage. They suggest that the Homininae tribes diverged not earlier than about 8 million years ago.fact|date = November 2007

A "hominin" is a member of the tribe Hominini, a "hominine" is a member of the subfamily Homininae, a "hominid" is a member of the family Hominidae, and a "hominoid" is a member of the superfamily Hominoidea.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Homininae — Zeitraum MittleresMiozän bis Jetztzeit (rezent) 11 bis 0 Mio. Jahre Fundorte Weltweit Systematik Ordnung: Primaten (Primates) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Homininae —   Homininae Rango temporal: Tortoniense Reciente …   Wikipedia Español

  • Homininae — Homininae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Homininae — …   Википедия

  • Grands primates africains — Homininae Homininae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Homininé — Homininae Homininae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Homininés — Homininae Homininae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Гоминины — (Homininae) подсемейство приматов, к которому относится современный человек и его непосредственные предшественники, начиная с ранних Homo . Двуногие приматы с большим головным мозгом …   Физическая Антропология. Иллюстрированный толковый словарь.

  • Hominoidea —   Hominoideos Rango temporal: Oligoceno temprano Reciente …   Wikipedia Español

  • Great ape — Taxobox name = HominidsMSW3 Groves|pages=181 184|id=12100786] fossil range = Miocene to Recent image width = 250px image caption = Australopithecus africanus reconstruction regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Primates… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.