- Castle Solitude
Castle Solitude in Germany (also known as Solitude Palace), was built as a hunting lodge between 1764 and 1769 under Duke Karl Eugen of
Württemberg. It is not a true castle, but rather a rococo palace. Since 1956 the area has belonged to the urban district of Stuttgart-West. The castle lies on a high plain between the towns of Leonberg, Gerlingenand Stuttgartcity. The castle offers views to the north over Weilimdorf, Korntal and Ludwigsburg.
Schloss Solitude was originally designed to act as a "refugium", a place of quiet, reflection and solitude (thus the name). Construction of the castle was plagued by political and financial difficulties. Karl Eugen had taken Württemberg into the
Seven Years' Waron the losing side against Prussia. The building exceeded the budget allocated by the duchy of Württemberg. Further, political wrangling between the duke and influential Stuttgart land barons led to the duke moving temporarily from Stuttgart to Ludwigsburg. In the long run, the castle was prohibitively expensive to keep just as a temporary residence. In 1770 it housed a high school founded by Duke Eugen. In 1775, the Karlsschuleacademy moved to Castle Solitude. It served as an academy of arts, a military academy, and later a general universityfor children of the elite. Eventually, maintenance costs led to its closure as a school after the Duke's death late in the 18th century. Between 1972 and 1983, the Federal Republic of Germanyrestored the castle.
Use of the castle today
Since 1990, the annexed buildings ("Officen"-building and "Kavaliers"-building) have housed the 'Castle Solitude'
academy. The "Kavaliers" building incorporates living quarters for students.
Castle Solitude was designed by a
working groupat the ducal court under the guidance of Philippe de La Guêpièrewith active input from Duke Karl Eugen and master craftsmen. Its exterior is typical Rococo. On the inside, however, the style is characteristic of classicism: instead of the irregular lively forms typical of Rococo, the proportions of the rooms and wall are typically classical in design.
The northern main
gateof the castle marks the beginning of "Solitudeallee", a partially tree-lined straight avenue leads directly to Ludwigsburgover 13 km. Duke Karl-Eugen commissioned the building of the avenue from 1764 to 1768 as a connecting route to the residence palace in Ludwigsburg. The avenue, which is is still largely intact today, leads via Stuttgart- Weilimdorfpast Stuttgart-Zuffenhausenand Stuttgart-Stammheim. Only in Weilimdorf, where it intersects the main street, and in Ludwigsburg, where it is interrupted by the railway, are there minor irregularities. According to a plaque inside the castle, the avenue served as the baseline for the Württemberg land survey of 1820 and measures exactly 40,118.718 Paris feet or 13,032.14 meters.
After 1903 Castle Solitude was the finishing point of hill races. In later years, the grounds of the castle served as a hostel for drivers. From 1935 to 1965, the 11.3 kilometers
Solituderennencourse south of the castle was used for World Championship motorcycleGrand Prix racing. From 1961 to 1965, a series of non-championship Formula 1 races were also held on the same weekends, welcoming drivers such as John Surtees, Jim Clark, Dan Gurneyand Jack Brabham.In their heyday, the Solitude races attracted crowds of 288,000 spectators, but they were abandoned in 1966.
In 2003, a "revival" competition was staged in and around the castle with former competitors and ex-world champions such as
Giacomo Agostini. A rally to commemorate the 50th anniversary of races was held in 2004.
The area of Castle Solitude belonged to
Gerlingenuntil the 31st of March 1942, at which point it was assigned to the suburb of Botnangbefore being integrated into the district of Stuttgart-Westin 1956.
* [http://www.solitude-memorial.de/ Memorial site of the Solitude races] (German)
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