John Evans (governor)

John Evans (governor)

John Evans (9 March, 1814 – 2 July, 1897) was a U.S. politician, physician, railroad promoter, Governor of the Territory of Colorado, and namesake of Evanston, Illinois; Evans, Colorado; and Mount Evans, Colorado. He is most noted for being one of the founders of both Northwestern University and the University of Denver.

Evans was born in Waynesville, Ohio to David Evans and Rachel Burnett. He graduated with a degree in medicine from Clermont Academy in 1838 and moved to Attica, Indiana, where he practiced medicine and helped founding the Indiana Central State Hospital in Indianapolis. He was appointed its first superintendent. He married, first (1838), Hannah Canby (1813-1850) and, second (1853), Margaret P. Gray (1830-1906). Hannah Canby Evans and three of their sons are buried in the old cemetery in Attica. He later moved to Chicago, where he helped found Lakeside Hospital, later named Mercy Hospital, and was responsible for bringing the Sisters of Mercy to staff the new Mercy Hospital, founded the Illinois Medical Society, and taught at Rush Medical College. His wealth garnered him a fair amount of political power; he founded the Illinois Republican Party and became a personal friend of Abraham Lincoln. He sold much of his Chicago holdings prior to a trip to England. While away, the property he sold was lost in the Great Chicago Fire. In 1851 he founded the worldly known Northwestern University.

U.S. President Abraham Lincoln appointed John Evans the second Governor of the Territory of Colorado on March 31, 1862. Governor Evans and his good friend the Reverend John Chivington founded the Territory's first college, the Colorado Seminary, which would later become the University of Denver. In 1864 Governor Evans appointed the Reverend Chivington as Colonel of the Colorado Volunteers and sent him with 800 cavalry troopers to "quiet" the Indians. Chivington and his men found an unarmed band of Cheyenne and Arapaho led by Black Kettle camped along Sand Creek in the east central part of the Territory. On November 28, 1864, Colonel Chivington ordered his men to attack the encampment killing about 53 unarmed men and 110 women and children and wounding many more. Governor Evans decorated Chivington and his men for their "valor in subduing the savages" and fought off rumors of an unprovoked massacre. On July 18, 1865, new President Andrew Johnson asked Governor Evans to resign because of his attempt to cover up the Sand Creek Massacre. Evans resigned as Governor, but he remained popular in the Colorado Territory for his perceived toughness in dealing with the "enemies" of the Territory. Dr. Evans continued to serve as the Chairman of the Denver Seminary Board of Trustees until his death on July 2, 1897.

John Evans was the father-in-law of Samuel Hitt Elbert, the sixth Governor of Colorado Territory from 1873 to 1874. Mount Evans is named in Evans honor, and Mount Elbert is named in honor of his son-in-law.

ee also

*History of Colorado
*Law and Government of Colorado
*List of Governors of Colorado
*Territory of Colorado
*University of Denver
*Northwestern University

External links

* [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/offic/gov.html The Governors of Colorado @ Colorado.gov]
** [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/govs/evans.html Biography of John Evans @ Colorado.gov]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8740981 John Evans' biographic sketch] at Find A Grave


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • John Evans — may refer to many different people: Academics *John Evans (archaeologist) (1823–1908), English archaeologist and geologist *John Davies Evans (b.1925), English archaeologist specialising in the prehistory of the Mediterranean and Malta, former… …   Wikipedia

  • John Evans Jones — (December 5, 1840 April 10, 1896) was a Governor of Nevada.Jones was born in Montgomeryshire, Wales, however his family moved to Iowa in 1856. Jones came west while working on the Union Pacific Railroad, settling in Eureka, Nevada in 1869.Jones… …   Wikipedia

  • Governor of Colorado — Incumbent John Hickenlooper since January 11, 2011 …   Wikipedia

  • John Louis Evans — III (January 4, 1950 ndash; April 22, 1983) was the first inmate to be executed by the State of Alabama after the United States reinstituted the death penalty in 1976. The torturous manner of his execution is frequently cited by opponents of… …   Wikipedia

  • John Vivian — John Charles Vivian (* 30. Juni 1887 in Golden, Colorado; † 10. Februar 1964 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikanische Partei) und von 1943 bis 1947 der 29. Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Colorado. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Vanderhoof — John David Vanderhoof (* 27. Mai 1922 in Rocky Ford, Colorado) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker (Republikanische Partei). Er war von 1973 bis 1975 der 36. Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Colorado. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre und Aufstieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John H. Kinkead — John Henry Kinkead John Henry Kinkead (* 10. Dezember 1826 in Smithfield, Pennsylvania; † 15. August 1904 in Carson City, Nevada) war ein US amerikanischer republikanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Kinkead — John Henry Kinkead John Henry Kinkead (* 10. Dezember 1826 in Smithfield, Pennsylvania; † 15. August 1904 in Carson City, Nevada) war ein US amerikanischer republikanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Milledge — (* 1757 in Savannah, Georgia; † 9. Februar 1818 bei Augusta, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»