Telugu castes


Telugu castes

The Hindu Telugu society is classified into a number of castes based on occupation.

=Forward Caste=Forward castes are castes that are politically, educationally and financially well off and don't qualify for government reservations in educational and government positions. Some of the subcastes are actually backward castes. They make up about 20% of the population.
#Brahmin (Priests, landlords, administrators)
#Rajus (Warriors, Landlords)
#Vysya (Merchant)
##Arya Vysya (Shetty/Gupta)
##Kalinga Vysya (Traders/merchants mostly living in Andhra-Orissa border)
#Other Forward caste:
##Kamma - (Warriors,Agriculturists)
##Reddy - (Warriors,Agriculturists)
##Kapu - (Agriculturists)
##Balija
##Ontari
##Telaga
##Velama
#Hotel Industry
##Chettiar
##Shetty

=Backward Caste=Castes are classified as backward if due to their financial, educational and political depression need government reservations to help uplift their status. They are predomintly involved in small scale farming, artisans, small scale traders. They make up about 50% of the population.
#Ayyaraka Patrudu (Merchant, Farmer, Warrior)
#Atagara
#Alcohol Brewing
##Gowda
##Bhandari
##Edigas
##Idiga
##Goud
##Goud Kala
##Kalal, Kalace
##Srisayana (toddy-drawers)
##Segidi
##Setty Balijas
##Yatha
#Animal Husbandry
##Cattle Hearding
###Yadava
###Golla
##Sheep Rearing
###Kuruba
###Kuruma
###Hatkar
#Warrior / Hunters
##Boyar caste / Boya
##Boya / Nayak / Naidu
##Boya Talwar/ Talari
#Artisans
##Ausula (Goldsmith)
##Kammari (Black smith)
##Kummari
##Kummara (Pottery)
##Kamsali (Gold, Silver smith)
##Kanchara (Tin,brass, bronze smith)
##Kanchari (stone carving)
##Silpis Kulala (Pottery)
##Salivahana
##Surya Balija
##Ganika (Dancer, singer, poet)
##Kalavanthula
##Vadla (carpenter)
###Vadra
### [Vishwakarmas|Vadrangi]
##Vaddi (stonecutters and well-diggers)
###Vaddera
###Vaddelu
##Vishwa Brahmin (Goldsmith)
##Vishwakarma
#Bhat Raju (Bard, Warrior)
#Barber (Musicians,Surgeons,Ministers,Leads)
##Bhajanthri
##Mangali
##Mangala
##Manthri
##Nai
##Nayi-Brahmin
#Bamboo Workers
##Kandra
#Basket Weaving
##Gundla
###Goondla
##Gadaba (Forest tribe)
###Godaba
##Medari
#Meat Selling
##Aare Katika (were warriors during Shivaji Period)
##Katika
#Cobbler
##Arya Kshatriya
##Chittari (Painter)
##Chirakara
##Giniyar
##Muchi
##Nakhas
#ceremony singers
##jakkali
#watch&ward
##katipapala
#Cotton Spining
##Dudekula (Cotton cleaners.Also called as Laddaf,Noor Basha,Pinjari.A sect of muslims with Telugu mother tongue, observe hindu customs and traditions.Padmasri Shaik china moulana(Nadaswaram),Padmasri Naazar (Burrakadha)are famous.)
##Laddaf
##Noor Basha
##Pinjari (Freebooter)
#Earthen Work
##Odde
###Oddilu
##Uppara
###Sagara
#Fisherman
##Agnikula Kshatriya
###Palli
##Agrakula Kshatriya
##Besta
##Gangavar
##Gangaputra
##Gangiredluvaru
##Jalati
##Mudiraju (Fisherman, farmers, warriors)
###Mutrasi
###Tenugollu
##Neyyala
##Palli Kapu
##Palli Reddi
##Pattapu
##Vada Balija
##Vanyakula Kshatriya
##Vanne Kapu
##Vanne Reddi
#Mali (vegetable and fruit growers)
#Tailors, Dyers
##Rangarez (Muslim)
##Bhavasara Kshatriya
##Chippollu
##Mera
##Meru Darji
#Gypsies (Tribal)
##Banjara
##Kanjara Bhatta
##Lambada
##Sugalis
##Vanjara
##Vanjari
#Hotel labor
##Tammali
#Jingara
#Kachi (Vegetable-grower)
#Kalinga (Tribal farmers)
#Koppula Velama
#Polinati Velamas
#Nagavaddilu
#Nagavasam
##Nagavamsa
#Oil Pressing
##Gandla
##Devatlila Kula
##Teli Kula
#Sandlewood Workers
##Agaru
#Shaman
##Jogi (Religious mendicant and pedlar)
##Joshinadiwalas (astrologer and village priest)
##Satani (Wandering priests and mendicants)
###Chattada Srivaishnava
#Traders
##Perika
##Gavara
##Perika Balija
##Puragiri Kshatriya
##Sadhuchetty
##Poosala
###Dasari
#Weaving
##Achukatlavandlu
##Dudekula
##Devanga
##Jandra
##Karnabhakthulu
##karikalabaktulu
##Nossi
###Kurni
##Koshti
##Nakkala
##Patkar
###Khartri
##Padmashali
###Nelli
###Neelakanthi
###Sali
####Salivan Padmasali
###Senapathulu

##T.V. Kshatriya###Thogati
####Thogata
####Thogata Sali
##Veerakshatriya Swakulasali
##Narasihma caste

=Lower caste=

They are engaged predominently in menial and manual labor and make up about 10% of the population.

#Adivasi
#Anamuk
#Bhajantri
#Balasanthu
##Bahurupi
#Erukala (Tribal)
##Yerukala. (Fortune telling)
#Chandala
#Chachati
#Chalavadi
#Dandasi
#Ellamalawar
#Gudala
#Godagali
#Holeya Dasari
##Holeya Haddi
##Ghasi
##Relli Chachandi
##Chopemari
#Hunter
##Bedar Soldier and public service
###Pedda Boya
##Sindhollu
###Chindollu
##Kirataka
##Nishadi
##Pardhi (Weaving, carpentry)
###Nirishikari
###Passi
##Talayari
##Yellapi (Tribal)
###Valmiki
##Jaggali
##Kaikadi (Basket-maker)
##Kaikala
##Kaikolan
##Karikala Bhakthula
##Korcha
##Krishna Balija
###Dasari
###Bukka
##Kopmare
###Reddika
##Kunapuli
##Leatherworker
###Chamar
###Chambar
###Chamber
###Dhor
##Madiga
###Mahadiga
###Mahar (cotton-weavers)
##Malla
###Devandrakulam Vellalar
###Jangam (Begging)
###Mala Hannai
###Matangi
###Mashti
###Netkani
###Pallar
###Poturaju (Shaman)
##Madar
##Mang (native musicians)
###Mang Garodi
##Mogaveera
##Mashteen
##Mandala
##Madari Kuruva
##Madasi Kurva
##Mithaayyalvar
##Mondivaru
###Banda
###Mondibanda
##Mondipatta
##Mandula
##Manual Labor
###Adi Dravida
###Adi Andhra
###Arunthathiyar
###Bada Jangam
###Bariki
###Budga Jangam
###Budabukkala (Rickshaw driver)
###Bavuri
###Byagara
###Dakkal
####Dokkalwar
###Nekkar
####Nokkar
###Pamidi
###Pambala
###Pambada
####Pambanda
###Panchama Parih
###Paky
###Pariki Muggula
###Peddammavandlu
####Devaravandlu
####Yallammavandlu
####Mutyalammavandlu
####Kolupulvandlu
###Samagara
###Samban
###Sapru
###Sweeper
####Mehtar
####Dommara
#####Dom
#####Domba
####Moti Muchi
####Mochi (Shoemaker)
####Paidi
####Pano
####Thoti (Tribal)
###Sengundam
####Sengunther
###Vamsharaj
####Girijan (Beggars)
####Kurru
####Pitchigunta
###Veeramusthi
####Nettikotala
####Veerabhadreeya
###Washerman
####Chakkili
####Sakkiliar
####Rajaka
####Vannar
###Watchman
####Yenity
###Yarla

=Tribes=They engage in hunting and the gathering, primitive type of agriculture known as shifting or slash-and-burn cultivation. They constitute 5% of the population.

#Yanadi (Nellore (dt), Costal Andhra Pradesh, India)
#Andha
##Raghu
#Bagata
#Bhil (experts in guerilla warfare)
#Chenchu
##Chenchuwar
#Dhora
##Mukha
##Nooka
##Reddi
##Manna
#Godadas
#Gond
##Rajgond
##Kolam
###Mannervarlu (Forest tribe)
####Manne
##Pardhan (tribal-priests)
##Nayaks
##Naikpad
##Kotia
#Goudu
#Kammara (Tribal)
#Kattunayakan
#Konda
##Dhoras
##Kapus
##Kondhs
###Kuttiya
###Dongria
###Kodi
##Kodhs Desaya
##Reddies
##Jatapus
#Kotia
##Bartika
##Bentho Oriya
##Dulia (bamboo-workers)
##Holva
##Paiko (Soldier, cultivator)
##Putiya
##Sidhopaiko
#Koya
##Rasha
##Kottu
##Bhine
##Lingadhari
##Rajkoya
#Kulia
#Porja
##Parangiperja
#Rona
##Rena
##Sanrona
#Savaras (Munda-speaking tribes)
##Maliya
##Khutto
##Kapu
##Tikiria

=References=
*Central List Of Other Backward Classes (http://ncbc.nic.in/backward-classes/ap.html|NIC)


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