George Hadfield (architect)


George Hadfield (architect)

George Hadfield (1763, February 6, 1826 [cite web
url=http://www.congressionalcemetery.org/PDF/Obits/H/Obits_Hadfield.pdf
title=Interments in the Congressional Cemetery
date=July 17, 2001
accessdate=2008-01-14
] ) was born in Livorno, Italy of English parents, who were hotel-keepers. He studied at the Royal Academy, and worked with James Wyatt for six years before emigrating to the United States.

He was appointed superintendant of the United States Capitol's construction on Oct. 15, 1795, [cite web
url=http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/9506/capitol.html
title='Temple of Liberty' Building a Capitol for a New Nation
last=Scott
first=Pamela
date=March 20, 1995
publisher=The Library of Congress
accessdate=2008-01-15
] and continued in that position until June 1798, resigning after an argument with William Thornton. [Tatman.] [Bryan, pp 314-315, states that it was May 28, 1798, and that Hadfield said he had not been paid for plans for the state and war office buildings.] He is credited with part of the design of the original Capitol building such as the north wing, [Dunlap, page 336.] [Bryan, pages 315-318. Bryan gives some of the background, noting that until Hadfield's discharge, all of the detailed working drawings were done by Hallett or Hadfield, and that Thornton started to produce detailed drawings after this point after failing to obtain them from Hallett.] [cite web
url=http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/us.capitol/s3.html
title=The Temple of Justice and Faith: The Capitol's East and West Porticoes and Dome
publisher=The Library of Congress
accessdate=2008-01-18

Two of the pictures here are said to be based on Hadfield's designs.
] however little of the related papers remain.

List of works

* Treasury Department, 1800 [cite web
url=http://www.treas.gov/education/fact-sheets/building/history.shtml
title=Fact Sheets: U. S. Treasury Building
publisher=United States Department of the Treasury
date=October 17, 2007
accessdate=2008-01-15
] [cite web
url=http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/Tours/OEOB/html/Timeline.html
title=The Eisenhower Executive Office Building — Chronology of Construction and Historical Events
publisher=The White House
accessdate=2008-01-18
]
* Navy Department, 1800 [Historical marker for the Old Executive Office Building which replaced this in 1871 says it was designed in 1797, and that James Hoban designed the War Department.]
* Washington Jail, 1801 [cite web
url=http://www.culturaltourismdc.org/info-url3948/info-url_show.htm?doc_id=206742&attrib_id=7967
title=Washington Jail Site, Location: Fourth and G streets, NW
publisher=Cultural Tourism, DC
accessdate=2008-01-15
] [citation
url=http://books.google.com/books?id=Pdj0oAZplxoC&pg=PA122&lpg=PA122&dq=%22george+hadfield%22+greek+revival&source=web&ots=Wzv4zfBFnM&sig=dn6uKWnBuoeQyicFbmlHOmNIY6k
title=L'Enfant's Legacy: Public Open Spaces in Washington, D.C.
last=Bednar
first=Michael J.
publisher=The Johns Hopkins University Press
pages=122
date=2006
isbn= 0801883180
accessdate=2008-01-19

According to Bednar, the jail was built in 1802, a two-story brick building, which was used for the Washington Infirmary Hospital after 1853, until it burned in 1861.
]
* Marine Corps Commandant's House, 1801-1805 [cite web
url=http://www.culturaltourismdc.org/dch_tourism2608/dch_tourism_show.htm?doc_id=45917
title=Marine Corps Commandant's House
publisher=Cultural Tourism, DC
accessdate=2008-01-15
] [cite web
url=http://www.usmcmuseum.org/Museum_LoreCorps.asp
title=The National Museum of the Marine Corps and Heritage Center
date=2006
publisher=
]
* Arlington House (Custis-Lee Mansion), 1818 [cite web
url=http://www.nps.gov/archive/arho/tour/history/architecture.html
title=Arlington House Architecture & Construction
publisher=U. S. National Park Service
date=March 24, 2002
accessdate=2008-01-14
] [cite web
url=http://www.dhr.virginia.gov/registers/Counties/Arlington/000-0001_Arlington_House_1966_Final_Nomination.pdf
title=National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form: Arlington House
date=October 15, 1966
accessdate=2008-01-16
] [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=HwxObsj2GOQC&pg=PA337&lpg=PA337&dq=%22george+hadfield%22&source=web&ots=q0eiTqNT3A&sig=c_cOCKhqrcvqJCK5dXG68_E-NJY Moeller, page 337.] ]
* District of Columbia City Hall (1820) [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=wBsmPbw9ll0C&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=%22george+hadfield%22+%22william+thornton%22&source=web&ots=UqoArDK8ro&sig=7XmtZMJeu-GasIMDTF3qiyXDP2I Gutheim, page 45.] ] [cite web
url=http://www.dccourts.gov/dccourts/about/judiciary.jsp
title=History of Judiciary Square
publisher=District of Columbia Courts
accessdate=2008-01-18
] [cite web
url=http://www.dcd.uscourts.gov/court-history.html
title=History of the E. Barrett Prettyman Federal Courthouse
publisher=United States District Court for the District of Columbia
accessdate=2008-01-18
]
* Van Ness Mausoleum [citation
url=http://books.google.com/books?id=81odAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA248&lpg=PA248&dq=van+ness+mausoleum&source=web&ots=H-DYYAUAZK&sig=t6qFau0Ju5wXkUqAY877C45p3Do
title=Historic Graves of Maryland and the District of Columbia
last=Ridgely
first=Helen West
publisher=The Grafton press
date=1908
page=248
accessdate=2008-01-16
]

Possible works

* Historic Huntley [See historical marker.]

Other

There are other works not easily identified, since they are not in the Greek Revival style. For example, Hadfield is credited with alterations to The Octagon House. [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=HwxObsj2GOQC&pg=PA176&lpg=PA176&dq=george+hadfield's+city+hall&source=web&ots=q0eiUyPXZA&sig=O4PyLKGv8gwBEA4BE8NhZLeF-oI Moeller, pages 176-177.] ]

ee also

* Étienne Sulpice Hallet
* James Hoban
* Benjamin Latrobe

Notes

References

*citation
url=http://books.google.com/books?id=EkoOAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA259&lpg=PA259&dq=hadfield+north+wing+capitol&source=web&ots=62c4xLwFhc&sig=wRo4tyxzc_iqFHq_aPLhw1CGhRU
title = A History of the National Capital
first=Wilhelmus Bogart
last=Bryan
publisher=The Macmillan company
date=1914
accessdate=2008-01-17

*citation
url=http://books.google.com/books?id=y84DAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA336&lpg=PA336&dq=van+ness+mausoleum&source=web&ots=em0Vsh8HIs&sig=1YG506qS7GYo3KgvFyvNyzA7tCc
title=History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States
last=Dunlap
first=William
publisher=George P. Scott and Co., Printers
pages=336
date=1834
accessdate=2008-01-16

*citation
url=http://books.google.com/books?id=wBsmPbw9ll0C&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=%22george+hadfield%22+%22william+thornton%22&source=web&ots=UqoArDK8ro&sig=7XmtZMJeu-GasIMDTF3qiyXDP2I
title=Worthy of the Nation: Washington, DC, from L'Enfant to the National Capital Planning Commission
last=Gutheim
first=Frederick Albert
last2=Lee
first2=Antoinette J
publisher=The Johns Hopkins University Press
date=2006
isbn=0801883288
accessdate=2008-01-18

*cite web
url=http://books.google.com/books?id=HwxObsj2GOQC&pg=PA176&lpg=PA176&dq=george+hadfield's+city+hall&source=web&ots=q0eiUyPXZA&sig=O4PyLKGv8gwBEA4BE8NhZLeF-oI
title=AIA Guide to the Architecture of Washington, D.C.
last=Moeller
first=Gerard Martin
publisher=
pages=176
date=
accessdate=2008-01-16

*cite web
url=http://www.philadelphiabuildings.org/pab/app/ar_display.cfm/103571
title=Biography from the American Architects and Buildings database — Hadfield, George (1763 - 1826)
last=Tatman
first=Sandra L.
publisher=Philadelphia Architects and Buildings
accessdate=2008-01-15

External links

* [http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=4212 Historical Marker for Executive Office Building]
* [http://photos.historical-markers.org/main.php?g2_itemId=4712 Historical Marker for Huntley]
*Library of Congress [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/habs_haer/index.html Built in America (Search "George Hadfield")]
** [http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=hhphoto&fileName=dc/dc0300/dc0379/photos/browse.db&action=browse&recNum=0&title2=District%20of%20Columbia%20City%20Hall,%20451%20Indiana%20Avenue%20Northwest,%20Washington,%20District%20of%20Columbia,%20DC&displayType=1&itemLink=D?hh:1:./temp/~ammem_IL0Z:: District of Columbia City Hall, 451 Indiana Avenue Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC]


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