ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, epsilon subunit, also known as ATP5E, is a human gene.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: ATP5E ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, epsilon subunit| url =| accessdate = ]

section_title =
summary_text = This gene encodes a subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase. Mitochondrial ATP synthase catalyzes ATP synthesis, utilizing an electrochemical gradient of protons across the inner membrane during oxidative phosphorylation. ATP synthase is composed of two linked multi-subunit complexes: the soluble catalytic core, F1, and the membrane-spanning component, Fo, comprising the proton channel. The catalytic portion of mitochondrial ATP synthase consists of 5 different subunits (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, and epsilon) assembled with a stoichiometry of 3 alpha, 3 beta, and a single representative of the other 3. The proton channel consists of three main subunits (a, b, c). This gene encodes the epsilon subunit of the catalytic core. Two pseudogenes of this gene are located on chromosomes 4 and 13.cite web | title = Entrez Gene: ATP5E ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, epsilon subunit| url =| accessdate = ]


Further reading

citations =
*cite journal | author=Viñas O, Powell SJ, Runswick MJ, "et al." |title=The epsilon-subunit of ATP synthase from bovine heart mitochondria. Complementary DNA sequence, expression in bovine tissues and evidence of homologous sequences in man and rat. |journal=Biochem. J. |volume=265 |issue= 2 |pages= 321–6 |year= 1990 |pmid= 2137333 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Elston T, Wang H, Oster G |title=Energy transduction in ATP synthase. |journal=Nature |volume=391 |issue= 6666 |pages= 510–3 |year= 1998 |pmid= 9461222 |doi= 10.1038/35185
*cite journal | author=Wang H, Oster G |title=Energy transduction in the F1 motor of ATP synthase. |journal=Nature |volume=396 |issue= 6708 |pages= 279–82 |year= 1998 |pmid= 9834036 |doi= 10.1038/24409
*cite journal | author=Tu Q, Yu L, Zhang P, "et al." |title=Cloning, characterization and mapping of the human ATP5E gene, identification of pseudogene ATP5EP1, and definition of the ATP5E motif. |journal=Biochem. J. |volume=347 Pt 1 |issue= |pages= 17–21 |year= 2000 |pmid= 10727396 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Hu RM, Han ZG, Song HD, "et al." |title=Gene expression profiling in the human hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and full-length cDNA cloning. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=97 |issue= 17 |pages= 9543–8 |year= 2000 |pmid= 10931946 |doi= 10.1073/pnas.160270997
*cite journal | author=Gross C, Kussmann S, Hehr A, "et al." |title=Epsilon subunit gene of F(1)F(0)-ATP synthase (ATP5E) on human chromosome 20q13.2-->q13.3 localizes between D20S171 and GNAS1. |journal=Cytogenet. Cell Genet. |volume=91 |issue= 1-4 |pages= 105–6 |year= 2001 |pmid= 11173840 |doi=
*cite journal | author=Deloukas P, Matthews LH, Ashurst J, "et al." |title=The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 20. |journal=Nature |volume=414 |issue= 6866 |pages= 865–71 |year= 2002 |pmid= 11780052 |doi= 10.1038/414865a
*cite journal | author=Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, "et al." |title=Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. |journal=Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. |volume=99 |issue= 26 |pages= 16899–903 |year= 2003 |pmid= 12477932 |doi= 10.1073/pnas.242603899
*cite journal | author=Cross RL |title=Molecular motors: turning the ATP motor. |journal=Nature |volume=427 |issue= 6973 |pages= 407–8 |year= 2004 |pmid= 14749816 |doi= 10.1038/427407b
*cite journal | author=Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, "et al." |title=The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). |journal=Genome Res. |volume=14 |issue= 10B |pages= 2121–7 |year= 2004 |pmid= 15489334 |doi= 10.1101/gr.2596504

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