- Royal Medal
The Royal Medals of the Royal Society of London, also as The Queen's Medals, were established by King George IV. They were supported, with certain changes to their conditions, by King William IV and Queen Victoria.
Originally they were awarded for the most important discoveries in the previous year, and the qualification was changed to five years and then shortened to three years. When Victoria came to the throne in
1837this was changed to a three-year cycle, with mathematicsbeing one of the subjects for which a Medal could be awarded every third year.
1850the conditions were changed again, as follows:-
"... the Royal Medals in each year should be awarded for the two most important contributions to the advancement of Natural Knowledge, published originally in Her Majesty's dominions within a period of not more than ten years and not less than one year of the date of the award, subject, of course, to Her Majesty's approval. ... in the award of the Royal Medals, one should be given in each of the two great divisions of Natural Knowledge."
Since 1965, three Royal Medals have been awarded annually by the Sovereign upon the recommendation of the Royal Society's Council, two for the most important contributions to the advancement of natural knowledge (one to each of the two great divisions) and the other for distinguished contributions in the applied sciences. These awards are for contributions made within the
Commonwealth of Nations.
The three medals are silver gilt.
Nobel prizewinners Francis W. Aston(1938) Paul Dirac(1939), Frederick Sanger(1969), Max Perutz(1971) and Francis Crick(1972) (among others) have all received Royal medals during the medal's rich history.
List of recipients
* [http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/page.asp?id=1749 Royal Society: Royal Medal]
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