Hypnotic


Hypnotic

: "For the state of mind see Hypnosis."

Hypnotic drugs induce sleepcite web |url=http://www.mercksource.com/pp/us/cns/cns_hl_dorlands_split.jsp?pg=/ppdocs/us/common/dorlands/dorland/four/000051451.htm |title=Dorlands Medical Dictionary:hypnotic |format= |work= |accessdate=] (which differentiates them from the sedative category), used in the treatment of insomnia and in surgical anesthesia. Often the treatment of insomnia will not begin with drugs at all. Since many hypnotic drugs are habit-forming, a physician will usually recommend alternative sleeping patterns, sleep hygiene, and exercise before prescribing medication for sleep, due to a large number of factors known to disturb the human sleep pattern.

Examples

These drugs include:

* Barbiturates
* Opioids
* Benzodiazepines
** Estazolam
** Flunitrazepam
** Midazolam
** Nitrazepam
** Temazepam
** Triazolam
* Nonbenzodiazepines
** Zolpidem
** Zaleplon
** Zopiclone
** Eszopiclone
* Antihistamines
** Diphenhydramine
** Doxylamine
** Hydroxyzine
** Promethazine
* gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (Xyrem)
* Glutethimide
* Chloral hydrate
* Ethchlorvynol
* Levomepromazine
* Chlormethiazole
* Melatonin, a hormone, can work as a hypnotic if taken 30-90 minutes before usual bedtime.
* Alcohol is also used as a hypnotic drug, though not medically. To quote the British National Formulary: "Alcohol is a poor hypnotic because its diuretic action interferes with sleep during the latter part of the night. Alcohol also disturbs sleep patterns, and so can worsen sleep disorders"

References


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Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hypnotic — ou Doctor Sleep est un film britannique réalisé par Nick Willing, sorti en 2002 inspiré du livre de Madison Smartt Bell. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 Distribution …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hypnotic — Hyp*not ic, a. [Gr. ? inclined to sleep, putting to sleep, fr. ? to lull to sleep, fr. ? sleep; akin to L. somnus, and E. somnolent: cf. F. hypnotique.] 1. Having the quality of producing sleep; tending to produce sleep; soporific. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hypnotic — Hyp*not ic, n. 1. Any agent that produces, or tends to produce, sleep; an opiate; a soporific; a narcotic. [1913 Webster] 2. A person who exhibits the phenomena of, or is subject to, hypnotism. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hypnotic — index narcotic (adjective), narcotic (noun) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • hypnotic — 1620s, inducing sleep, originally used of drugs, from Fr. hypnotique (16c.) inclined to sleep, soporific, from L.L. hypnoticus, from Gk. hypnotikos inclined to sleep, putting to sleep, sleepy, from hypnoun put to sleep, from hypnos sleep (see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • hypnotic — [adj] spellbinding, sleep inducing anesthetic, anodyne, calmative, lenitive, mesmeric, mesmerizing, narcotic, opiate, sleepy, somniferous, somnolent, soothing, soporific, soporose, trance inducing; concepts 529,537 Ant. exciting, exhilarating,… …   New thesaurus

  • hypnotic — ► ADJECTIVE 1) of, producing, or relating to hypnosis. 2) having a compelling or soporific effect. 3) (of a drug) sleep inducing. ► NOUN ▪ a sleep inducing drug. DERIVATIVES hypnotically adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • hypnotic — [hip nät′ik] adj. [Fr or LL: Fr hypnotique < LL hypnoticus < Gr hypnōtikos, tending to sleep < hypnos: see HYPNO ] 1. causing sleep; soporific 2. of, characterized by, having the nature of, or inducing hypnosis 3. easily hypnotized n. 1 …   English World dictionary

  • hypnotic — I UK [hɪpˈnɒtɪk] / US [hɪpˈnɑtɪk] adjective 1) a) something that is hypnotic makes you feel like sleeping, especially because it is repeated in a regular way The rhythmic beating of the drums had a hypnotic effect on him. b) making you unable to… …   English dictionary

  • hypnotic — hyp|not|ic1 [ hıp natık ] adjective 1. ) something that is hypnotic makes you feel like sleeping, especially because it is repeated in a regular way: The rhythmic beating of the drums had a hypnotic effect on him. a ) making you unable to pay… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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