Lucius Pinarius

Lucius Pinarius

Lucius Pinarius Scarpus (flourished 1st century BC) was a Roman that lived in the late Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire. Scarpus’ mother was Atia Balba Tertia, while his father is an unnamed man from the gens Pinarius. It seems from his parent’s marriage, Scarpus was an only child.

His mother Atia Balba Tertia was a little known Roman noblewoman who was the third daughter and youngest child of Julia Caesaris Minor and praetor Marcus Atius Balbus. Through his maternal grandmother, he was a great nephew of dictator Gaius Julius Caesar. Julia was Caesar’s second eldest sister. Scarpus’ maternal cousins were consul Quintus Pedius, Octavia Minor (the fourth wife of Triumvir Mark Antony) and Octavian (future first Roman Emperor Augustus).

Not much is known Scarpus’ father. Scarpus paternal ancestry the gens Pinarius, was an ancient, distinguished family of patrician status. The family can be traced to the foundations of Rome. Various members of the gens served as priests and were among the first to serve a consuls in the republic.

Little is known on his early life. He is first mentioned in the ancient sources when Caesar is assassinated in Rome in March 44 BC. In the will of Caesar, Scarpus received one eighth of certain legacies after the legacies given to Octavian. He along with his cousins from the will became heirs to his great uncle.

Scarpus became an ally to Mark Antony and commanded for him against the war on Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. In the years leading up to the Final War of the Roman Republic, in Actium Greece 31 BC, Antony appointed Scarpus to the military command of Cyrenaica. Scarpus had with him four legions to command. During his time in Cyrenaica Scarpus had control of the currency mint in Cyrene, as he became a moneyer. Scarpus had issued various coins bearing Antony’s name and Scarpus’ name was inscripted as an issuer of these coins.

After Antony and his fifth wife Ptolemaic Greek Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt were defeated by Octavian at Actium, Scarpus withdrew his support from Antony and gave his support (including his legions) to Octavian. Antony after the defeat sailed back to North Africa and he had sent messengers to Scarpus for help.

Scarpus refused to see Antony’s messengers and put them to death. He gave his legions to Gaius Cornelius Gallus, Octavian’s lieutenant to command. As Octavian march through Asia, Syria and Judea to establish his authority and used Scarpus’ legions to march to Egypt to trap Antony.

When Antony and Cleopatra died, Octavian became the new Roman master and then emperor. Augustus had appointed his cousin as the Roman governor of Cyrenaica. Scarpus as he did for Antony, became a moneyer and had issued various coins bearing Augustus’ name. On these coins, Scarpus had his name inscripted as an issuer of the coins. Scarpus had a perfidious character; Augustus kept Scarpus as much as he could out of public office. Beyond this, nothing is known on Scarpus.


* Suetonius, The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Caesar

External links

* [ Coinage that Scarpus issued for Antony as moneyer in Cyrene. See the left side codes RSC 1a, RSC 1b & RSC 1d for coinage]
* [ Coinage of Scarpus]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lucius Pinarius —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes personnes de la Rome antique partageant un même nom. Lucius Pinarius peut désigner plusieurs personnalités de la Rome antique : Lucius Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus, consul en 472 av. J.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucius Pinarius Scarpus — Lucius Pinarius Scarpus[1] war ein römischer Feldherr des 1. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. und Neffe oder Großneffe von Gaius Iulius Caesar. Nach dessen Ermordung war er zunächst Anhänger des Triumvirn Marcus Antonius, ging aber später zu dessen Gegner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lucius Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pinarius Mamercinus. Lucius Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus est un homme politique romain du Ve siècle av. J.‑C. En 472 av. J. C., il est consul avec Publius Furius Medullinus Fusus[1]. Sous leur consulat, le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lucius Pinarius Scarpus — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lucius Pinarius. Lucius Pinarius Scarpus était un magistrat romain de la fin du premier siècle avant notre ère. Il était le petit neveu de Jules César ainsi que le petit fils de Julia la sœur ainé de César. Il ne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pinarius — The gens Pinarius (for men) or Pinaria (for women) was one of the most ancient, distinguish Patrician families of Ancient Rome. This family can be traced before the time when Rome was founded. Various members of the gens served as priests and… …   Wikipedia

  • Pinarius Mamercinus — Pinarii Principales gentes romaines Gens Aemilia Gens Claudia Gens Cornelia Gens Fabia Gens Iulia Gens Iunia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pinarĭus — Pinarĭus, Name der Glieder eines altitalischen Geschlechtes, welchem mit den Potitii (s.d.) der Dienst des Hercules oblag, von denen die Familien Mamercinus, Natta, Rusca u. Rufinus vorkommen. Lucius P., war Präfect von Enna auf Sicilien während… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • PINARIUS Ruffus — vide Lucius. It. Publius …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lucius Aemilius Mamercinus (consul en -484) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aemilius Mamercinus. Lucius Aemilius Mamercinus est un homme politique romain du Ve siècle av. J.‑C., père de Tiberius Aemilius Mamercinus (consul en 470 et 467 av. J. C.)[1]. Il est le plus vieux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Список римских консулов — Список содержит имена и даты полномочий древнеримских магистратов эпонимов (по которым назывались года): консулов, децемвиров, диктаторов и военных трибунов с консульской властью. Эпонимами в Риме, очевидно, являлись также и интеррексы, однако из …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.