- Chattel house
Chattel House is Barbadian word for a small moveable wooden house that working class people would occupy. The term goes back to the plantation days when the home owners would buy houses designed to move from one property to another. The word "Chattel" means movable property so the name was appropriate. Chattel houses are set on blocks or a groundsill rather than being anchored into the ground. In addition, they are built entirely out of wood and assembled without nails. This allowed them to be disassembled (along with the blocks) and moved from place to place. This system was necessary historically because home "owners" typically did not own the land that their house was set on. Instead, their employer often owned the land. In case of a landlord tenant (or employer/employee) dispute, the house could be quickly moved to a new property.
It has been customary for persons in Barbados to build additions on to their chattel house occasionally. As such, the house may look as though different sections are at slightly different heights or in a different pattern due to each part being constructed at different stages.
Modern chattel houses tend to have a greater degree of permanence, as they are often connected to the electricity mains, and may either have a permanent septic tank or be connected to a public sewer system.
Timbers were in pre-cut in standard lengths of 12 to 20 feet (even numbers). The front façades tend to be symmetrical, with the door in centre flanked by a window (equally spaced), on each side. As the financial situation changed additions would be made. The roofs were often made of corrugated metal made of iron.
- A single unit was the first-step and consisted of two rooms within. By nickname, these were often called a "one-roof house".
- Next, a shed may be added onto the back. The second roof added, was often called the "shed roof". Creating what was commonly called a "one-roof house and shed".
- Further-yet another roof was often later added on to the home, transforming it into a "two-roof house and shed". In some cases a "three-roof house" might even be developed with a final shed at the back for use as a kitchen.
As the dimensions changed the style of roofs also changed. These earlier styles gave way to the four-sided roof called the 'hip'. or the steep two-sided gable'. Since then many homes have also transitioned to a more 'flat top' roof with a minimal slope.
Usage in Trinidad and Tobago
Chattel houses are still in use on several West Indian islands, although they have become much less common in areas still affected by seasonal hurricanes (Barbados and Trinidad lie outside of the Caribbean hurricane belt).
- ^ a b Carrington, Sean; Fraser, Henry (2003) "Chattle House" A~Z of Barbados Heritage Macmillan Caribbean, p. 43 ISBN 0333920686 "After Emancipation, the slaves were still landless, since most of the land was still owned by the plantations. Through the Located Labours Act of 1840 former slaves were allowed to build their humble homes on marginally productive plantation lands, at 'peppercorn' rent, but the plantation owners reserved the right to evict tenants from these tenantries at short notice. Houses therefore had to be 'chattel', which means 'movable possession', and for this reason were built of timber, and so constructed that they could be easily dismantled in sections, moved to another spot on an ox-cart (today a truck), and reassembled in a single day, and yet be able to survive this with minimal damage.)"
- ^ Chattel Houses in the Barbadian Tourism Encyclopedia
- ^ Ali, Arif (1996). Barbados: Just Beyond Your Imagination. Hansib Caribbean. Hansib. ISBN 1-870-51854-3.
- ^ Landlord Tenant Act of Trinidad and Tobago
- ^ Maharaj v. Constance
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
chattel house — noun (in the West Indies) a movable wooden house • • • Main Entry: ↑chattel … Useful english dictionary
chattel mortgage — see mortgage Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. chattel mortgage n … Law dictionary
House slave — A House slave was a slave who worked and often lived in the house of the slave owner. House slaves had many duties such as cooking, cleaning, serving meals and caring for children. Contents 1 House slaves in antiquity 1.1 House slaves in Greece 1 … Wikipedia
List of house types — Contents 1 Detached single unit housing 2 Semi detached dwellings 3 Attached Multi unit housing … Wikipedia
personal chattel — England, Wales Broadly, a personal chattel is a tangible, moveable object (such as a car, or an item of jewellery) used for personal as opposed to business (or some other) use. In relation to the administration of a deceased person s estate,… … Law dictionary
Stockholm Auction House — Stockholms Auktionsverk (Swedish for Stockholm s Auction House ) founded in 1674 in Sweden is the world s oldest auction house.Several times each year at the Nybrogatan showrooms in central Stockholm high quality items are sold by auctions… … Wikipedia
Personal property — For other uses, see Personal property (disambiguation). Property law … Wikipedia
Music of Barbados — The music of Barbados includes distinctive national styles of folk and popular music, including elements of Western classical and religious music. The culture of Barbados is a syncretic mix of African and British elements, and the island s music… … Wikipedia
Landship (Barbados) — The Barbadian Landship movement is an informal organization that mimics the British navy. Landship began in 1837 and was founded in Britton s Hill in Seamen s Village. The structure of the Landship organization mirrors the structure of the… … Wikipedia
List of Caribbean music groups — This is a list of musical groups which play Caribbean music.Antigua and Barbuda*Burning Flames *Dread The Baldhead *El A Kru *Onyan *Swallow *Tonik Band *Vision BandBarbados*1000 Lbs *Adisa *Adonijah *Adrian Boyce *Adrian Clarke *Akola *Alison… … Wikipedia