Andrew Summers Rowan

Andrew Summers Rowan

Andrew Summers Rowan (April 23, 1857-January 10, 1943) was an American Army officer who served as the liaison between the United States and Cuban rebels led by General Calixto García during the Spanish American War.

Rowan was born in Gap Mills, Virginia in 1857. He enrolled at West Point at the age of twenty and was commissioned a second lieutenant in 1881. In the years before the Spanish American War, Rowan served several frontier posts and with military intelligence in Latin America. He was interested in Cuba in particular and co-wrote a book about the island (see writings listed below).

With tensions between the United States and the Spanish (who then ruled Cuba) growing, President William McKinley saw value in establishing contact with the Cuban rebels who could prove a valuable ally in case of war with Spain. McKinley asked Colonel Arthur Wagner to suggest an officer to make contact with Garcia's rebels. Wagner suggested Rowan who then traveled to Cuba via Jamaica. Rowan met Garcia in the Oriente Mountains and established a rapport. Rowan garnered information from Garcia who was eager to cooperate with Americans in fighting the Spanish. Rowan returned to the US and was given command of a force of "Immunes", African-American troops assumed to be immune to tropical diseases found in Cuba.

In 1899 artist and publisher Elbert Hubbard wrote a passage entitled "A Message to Garcia" extolling the virtues of Rowan and urging Americans to unquestioningly follow any directive. Finding appeal in this message, industrial and military leaders ordered millions of copies of the text to distribute to their workers and soldiers making it a best-seller. It was translated into several languages and sold internationally.

In 1908, while Rowan was commander of Fort Douglas, Utah, his wife, Josephine, established a reading room for the blind at the Salt Lake City Library. This may be the longest, uninterrupted, service project in the city's history. cite web|url= |title=Paul Rolly: Teacher saves a life in Delta |last=Rolly |first=Paul |date=2008-09-17 |publisher=The Salt Lake Tribune]

Rowan died in the Presidio of San Francisco in 1943. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.


* "The island of Cuba; a descriptive and historical account of the "Great Antilla" (written with Marathon Montrose Ramsey) (New York: H. Holt & Co., 1896; 2nd ed 1897).
* "How I carried the message to Garcia" (San Francisco: W. D. Harney, 1922).
* "A Message to Garcia" (Elbert Hubbard. Filiquarian Publishing, LLC, 2006).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andrew S. Rowan — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrew Summers Rowan (23 de abril de 1857, Union, West Virginia 10 de enero de 1943) fue un oficial del ejército de Estados Unidos. Fue nombrado cadete el 1 de julio de 1877. Siendo capitán, se le concedió la Cruz de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rowan, Andrew Summers — ▪ United States officer born April 23, 1857, Gap Mills, Va. [now in W.Va.], U.S. died Jan. 10, 1943, San Francisco, Calif.       U.S. Army officer, bearer of the “message to Garcia.”       Rowan graduated from West Point in 1881. In 1898, at the… …   Universalium

  • Rowan (disambiguation) — Rowan may refer to:* Rowan, a genus of deciduous trees notable for their red berries * The Rowan , a novel by Anne McCaffrey * Rowan Cos., an S P 500 contract drilling and aircraft service company * Several places in the United States of America …   Wikipedia

  • A Message to Garcia — For the 1936 film, see A Message to Garcia (1936 film). A Message to Garcia is an inspirational essay written by Elbert Hubbard[1] that has been made into two motion pictures. It was originally published as a filler without a title in the March,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bohol — Infobox Philippine province name = Bohol sealfile = Ph seal bohol.png region = Central Visayas (Region VII) capital = Tagbilaran City founded = March 25, 1565 pop2000 = 1,137,268 pop2000rank = 18th largest popden2000 = 276 popden2000rank = 25th… …   Wikipedia

  • Monroe County, West Virginia — Location in the state of West Virginia …   Wikipedia

  • January 1 — See also: New Year and New Year s Day << January 2011 >> Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa …   Wikipedia

  • Distinguished Service Cross (United States Army) — Infobox Military Award name=Distinguished Service Cross caption=Current Distinguished Service Cross Medal and Ribbon Set awarded by=United States Army type=Medal eligibility=The Distinguished Service Cross is awarded to a person who, while… …   Wikipedia

  • Distinguished Service Cross (United States) — Distinguished Service Cross Current Distinguished Service Cross Awarded by United States Army Type Medal Eligibility …   Wikipedia

  • religion — religionless, adj. /ri lij euhn/, n. 1. a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, esp. when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and… …   Universalium

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.