List of anti-ethnic and anti-national terms


List of anti-ethnic and anti-national terms

List of anti-ethnic and anti-national terms, where "anti-ethnic" refers to ethnic hatred, or sentiments of hostility towards an ethnic group and "anti-national" refers to sentiments of hostility towards a particular state or other national administrative entity.

The use of all of these terms is controversial, as they tend to be used prominently in local rhetorical appeals to fallacy —namely the natural confusion between "politically-directed opposition" and "ethnically-directed hostility," often deliberately disregarding this distinction for propaganda purposes.

These discriminatory attitudes are similar in nature to various religion-based hostile movements: Christianophobia, Anti-Catholicism, based on the mixture of xenophobia and ideological/political opposition.

The linguist and activist Noam Chomsky noted that perhaps the original Western use of the term, from which all similar term originate, was by the Israelite King Ahab, in calling the prophet Elijah as "thou troubler of Israel."

Chomsky further argues that such terms are similar in that they are used by nationalist and their associated governments to espouse the supremacy of nationalism over dissent within the culture, and are considered absurd in the context of cultures which have a much deeper connection to their ethnic history.

Anti-

"See also "
* Anti-Americanism
* Anti-Arabism
* Anti-Armenianism
* Anti-Australian sentiment
* Anti-Brahmanism
* Anti-Canadianism
* Anti-Catalanism
* Anti-China
* Anti-French sentiment in the United States
* Anti-German sentiment
* Anti-Hinduism
* Antihaitianismo
* Anti-Iranianism or Anti-Persian sentiments
* Anti-Irish racism
* Anti-Italianism
* Anti-Japanese sentiment
* Anti-Japanese sentiment in Korea
* Anti-Mexican sentiment
* Anti-Pakistani sentiment - this "anti" term refers to a type of discrimination common in India.
* Anti-Polonism
* Anti-Romanian discrimination
* Anti-Russian sentiment
* Anti-Semitism
* Anti-Slavism
* Anti-Sovietism
* Anti-Turkism
* Anti-Zionism

-phobia

The suffix -phobia has gained popularity in its non-clinical (mis)use to refer to various negative attitudes.
*Afrophobia - fear or dislike of Africans or African culture or people of African ancestry
*Anglophobia - fear/dislike of England, English culture, etc.
*Christophobia - fear, dislike and hatred of Christianity, Christians and things Christian.
*Francophobia - fear/dislike of the French.
*Germanophobia - dread of things Teutonic
*Hispanophobia or Latinophobia - fear, dislike or hatred of Hispanics and Latinos, esp. over the issues of race and illegal immigration in the United States.
*Indophobia - fear or hatred of Indians and in particular Hindu culture
*Islamophobia- fear, dislike and hatred of Islam, Muslims and things Islamic.
*Italophobia - fear or dislike of Italian people.
*Japanophobia - fear or hatred of the Japanese.
*Judeophobia - fear or hatred of Jews.
*Lusophobia - fear of the Portuguese
*Negrophobia - fear or hatred of Blacks, sub-Saharan Africans and their descendants around the world.
*Polonophobia - fear/dislike of Poles, Polish culture, etc.
*Russophobia - a phobic attitude towards Russia or Russians.
*Serbophobia - fear/dislike of Serbs, Serbia, the Serb Republic, etc.
*Sinophobia - fear/dislike of the Chinese, Chinese culture, etc.

Christianophobia , Islamophobia, and anti-Hinduism while formally defined as negative attitude to a religion, also interpreted as attitudes to nationalities associated with these religions.


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