Oxford, North Carolina

Oxford, North Carolina
Oxford, North Carolina
—  City  —
St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in Oxford
Location of Oxford, North Carolina
Coordinates: 36°18′43″N 78°35′27″W / 36.31194°N 78.59083°W / 36.31194; -78.59083Coordinates: 36°18′43″N 78°35′27″W / 36.31194°N 78.59083°W / 36.31194; -78.59083
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Granville
 – Total 4.5 sq mi (11.6 km2)
 – Land 4.5 sq mi (11.6 km2)
 – Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 479 ft (146 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 8,461
 – Density 1,880.2/sq mi (729.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 27565
Area code(s) 919
FIPS code 37-49800[1]
GNIS feature ID 1021773[2]

Oxford is a city in Granville County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 8,461 at the 2010 census[3] It is the county seat of Granville County[4].



The town's history dates to 1761, when local legislator Samuel Benton built a plantation home and called it Oxford. The legislature ordered the area around his plantation to be the seat of Granville County. The city was not incorporated until 1816. [1]

The first Masonic orphanage for children in the United States was built in Oxford. It was originally established as St. John's College in 1858. The college floundered however, and in 1872 it was suggested that the property be used to educate the less fortunate. In December 1873 the first residents were admitted to the Oxford Orphans Asylum which is today known as the Masonic Home for Children. [2]

In 1851 James H. Horner established Horner Military Academy which served many young men from New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, South Carolina and many other states. Many of the students went on to become leaders in the United States government such as James Crawford Biggs, Solicitor General under President Roosevelt at the inception of the New Deal. The Oxford Female College was also established in 1851 by the North Carolina Baptists. After suffering financial difficulties the college was sold and it became a private educational institution renamed Oxford Female Seminary. In 1880 F. P. Hobgood took over leadership of the school and the school grew in reputation and excellence until his death in 1924. The school closed the following year.

In 1970, Henry Marrow was murdered in Oxford in a racial hate crime. The murder resulted in a racial rebellion. The events were chronicled by Timothy Tyson in the book Blood Done Sign My Name.

Today Oxford is the world headquarters for IDEAL Fastener Corporation, the second largest zipper manufacturer in the world;[citation needed] Certainteed the largest roofing plant in the world; and Bridgestone Bandag Tire Solutions, the largest retreading plant in the world.[citation needed]


Oxford is located at 36°18′43″N 78°35′27″W / 36.31194°N 78.59083°W / 36.31194; -78.59083 (36.311903, -78.590762)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.


As of the census of 2010, there were 8,461 people in 3,410 households in the city. The population density was 1,880.2 people per square mile (729.4/km²). There were 3,771 housing units at an average density of 838.0 per square mile (325.1/km²). The racial composition of the city was: 55.6% Black or African American, 38.6% White, 1.1% Asian American, 0.4% Native American, 2.5% Other, and 1.8% two or more races. 4.8% of the population identified as Hispanic or Latino American

There were 3,410 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them. The average household size was 2.48. In the city, the age distribution of the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 10.6% from 25 to 34, 18.1% from 35 to 49, 19.7% from 50 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 79.4 males.

The median income[6] for a household in the city was $32,050 and the mean income was $48,293. The median and mean income for a family was $49,787 and $62,355, respectively. The per capita income for the city was $20,729. About 16.9% of families were at or below the poverty line, including 38.6% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over. Of the total city population, 20.6% were at or below the poverty line.

Notable former residents

  • Henry Lee "Specs" Meadows - famous baseball pitcher for Pittsburgh Pirates, and still ranked 6th in winning percentages
  • Georgia Ann "Tiny" Broadwick - aviation pioneer who was born in Oxford in 1893 before moving to Henderson, NC
  • Benjamin Chavis - civil rights activist
  • James E. Webb - Administrator of NASA who guided the USA lunar landing thrust
  • Jeff Gravely - sports anchor and reporter for WRAL-TV, Raleigh.
  • Timothy Tyson - writer and historian
  • Richard Moore - North Carolina State Treasurer
  • Franklin Wills Hancock, Jr.- Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives


  • C. G. Credle Elementary School
  • J.F. Webb High School
  • J.F. Webb High School of Health and Life Sciences
  • Joe Toler-Oak Hill Elementary School
  • Mary Potter Middle School
  • Northern Granville Middle School
  • West Oxford Elementary School


External links

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