Muzaffarabad Fort


Muzaffarabad Fort

There are two historical forts on opposite sides of the Neelum River in Muzaffarabad.

  • Red Fort, also known as Chak Fort.
  • Black Fort

The construction of the Red Fort was built by the Chak rulers of Kashmir and finally completed in 1646 by Sultan Muzaffar Khan, the founder of Muzaffarabad city. After the Mughals took over Kashmir, the fort lost its importance. The Mughals were more interested in Kabul, Bukhara, and Badakshan. During the period of Durrani rule, however, the fort again once again assumed its importance.

Maharaja Gulab Singh and Rambir Singh, the Dogra rulers, reconstructed and extended the fort for their political and military operations. Towards the middle of 1947, the Dogra forces left, leaving the fort abandoned.

The architecture of the fort shows that great experts in design and structure participated in its construction. It is surrounded on three sides by the Neelum River formally known as the Kishenganga River. The northern part of the fort had terraces with steps leading to the bank of the river. The eastern side was very well protected from the hazards of flood waters, but some parts on the north side have suffered damage. There used to be an inn at the entrance to the fort, but only traces of that structure remain now.

Coordinates: 34°23′N 73°28′E / 34.383°N 73.467°E / 34.383; 73.467


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