Southern Uplands


Southern Uplands

The Southern Uplands is the southernmost of Scotland's three major geographic areas (the others being the Central Belt and the Highlands). They lie South of the Southern Uplands fault line that runs from Girvan on the Ayrshire coast in the West to Dunbar in East Lothian on the North Sea coast. The Southern Uplands is the least populated of the 3 major Scottish geographic areas.

Hills and peaks

The Southern Uplands are a range of hills almost 200 kilometres (125 miles) long, interspersed with broad valleys.

The Southern Uplands includes among others the cross border Cheviot Hills shared with the Pennines that form the "backbone of England". The Southern Uplands and Pennines are of a similar size both in terms of area covered and height. Although the summits are not as high as many in the Scottish Highlands (Ben Nevis and Ben Macdui both rise 1300 m above sea level) nor other famous mountain regions, the Southern Uplands is remote and mountainous, containing about 120 marilyns.

Some of the more notable peaks in the Southern Uplands include:-

*Merrick (the highest in the South of Scotland at 843 m)
*Broad Law (840 m)
*White Coomb (822 m)
*The Cheviot (815 m)
*Corserine (814 m)
*Cairnsmore of Carsphairn (797 m)
*Lamachan Hill (717 m)
*Cairnsmore of Fleet (711 m)
*Tinto (711 m)

Rivers

A number of rivers run through the Southern Uplands. These include the:-

* Cree
* Nith
* Annan
* Esk
* Tweed (4th longest in Scotland at 97 miles)
* Clyde (3rd longest in Scotland at 106 miles)
* Lugar [http://www.visitscotland.com/aboutscotland/Geography/rivers-lochs?view=links]

Lochs

There are numerous lochs in the Southern Uplands such as:-

* Loch Ken
* Loch Trool
* Loch Ettrick
* St. Mary's Loch and the adjacent Loch of the Lowes

Forestry

Large areas of the Southern Uplands are covered with forests such as:-

* Forest of Ae
* Mabie Forest
* Galloway Forest

Transport

The nearest international passenger airports are:-

* Glasgow Prestwick International Airport (PIK)
* Glasgow International Airport (GLA)
* Edinburgh Airport (EDI)

There are 4 railway lines that pass through the Southern Uplands all in a North South direction. These are:-

* The Stranraer Glasgow line via Girvan and numerous other stations
* The Glasgow Kilmarnock Carlisle line via Dumfries and numerous other stations
* The West coast mainline linking Glasgow and Edinburgh to the North with Carlisle and the rest of England to the South with a station in the Southern Uplands at Lockerbie
* The East coast mainline running from Edinburgh to the North via Dunbar to Berwick upon Tweed, Newcastle upon Tyne and the South

There are a number of primary roads for travelling through the Southern Uplands. These generally travel in a North South direction with the most notable exception being the A75. The most significant of these roads is the M74. The M74 is the only motorway connecting Scotland and England. These roads include

* A77 - This runs from Stranraer towards Kilmarnock shortly after which it becomes the M77 to Glasgow
* A76 - This runs from Dumfries towards Kilmarnock
* M74 - This runs from the Scottish border near Gretna to connect with the rest of the Scottish motorway network just outside Glasgow. To the South of Gretna is the A74 that connects the M74 with the English motorway network near Carlisle
* A701 - This runs from Dumfries towards Edinburgh via Moffat and the Devil's Beef Tub
* A7 - This runs from Carlisle to Edinburgh via Hawick and Galashiels and the Scottish Borders
* A68 - This runs from Edinburgh via Jedburgh in the Scottish Borders to the English counties of Northumberland and Durham
* A1 - This is the primary East coast cross border route running from Edinburgh towards Newcastle Upon Tyne and beyond
* A75 - This runs from Gretna through Dumfries and Galloway to Stranraer
* M77 - This runs from Kilmarnock to GlasgowFerries operate between Stranraer and Cairnryan in Scotland to Belfast and Larne in Northern Ireland respectively

Regional government

The Southern Uplands comprises primarily (but not exclusively) of 2 regions (ie Scottish local government council areas):-

* Dumfries and Galloway to the West
* Scottish Borders to the East

[http://www.visitsouthernscotland.com/]

The largest town in the Southern Uplands is Dumfries. The largest town in the Scottish Borders is Hawick.

Walks

There are numerous walks through the Southern Uplands. [http://www.walkscotland.plus.com] [http://www.mountaineering-scotland.org.uk/feature/borders.html] These include the Southern Upland Way, a 212 mile (340 km) coast to coast walk between Portpatrick in the west and Cockburnspath in the east.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Southern Uplands — [up′ləndz] hilly moorland region in S Scotland, between the English border & the Lowlands * * * …   Universalium

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  • Southern Uplands — [up′ləndz] hilly moorland region in S Scotland, between the English border & the Lowlands …   English World dictionary

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  • Southern Uplands — In den Southern Uplands Die Bergregion der Southern Uplands ist das südlichste Gebiet der geographischen Dreiteilung Schottlands. Zur Kontrastierung gegen die nördlichen Highlands werden die Southern Uplands und der Central Belt zusammengefasst… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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