Hulunbuir


Hulunbuir

Infobox Settlement
name =Hulunbuir
official_name =
other_name =
native_name =
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settlement_type =Prefecture-level city
total_type =
motto =
translit_lang1=Mongolian
translit_lang1_type=Mongolian
translit_lang1_info=
translit_lang2=Chinese
translit_lang2_type=Characters
translit_lang2_info=呼伦贝尔
translit_lang2_type1=Pinyin
translit_lang2_info1=Hūlúnbèi'ěr


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map_caption = The territory of Hulunbuir prefecture-level city (yellow) within Inner Mongolia


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pushpin_map_caption =Location in China
pushpin_mapsize =250
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = China
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Inner Mongolia
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
seat_type = Prefecture seat
seat = Hailar District
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area_total_km2 =263953
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population_as_of =2004
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population_total =2710000
population_density_km2 =auto
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population_blank1_title =Major nationalities
population_blank1 =Han - 81.85% Mongols - 8.6% Manchu - 4.13%
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timezone = China Standard
utc_offset = +8
timezone_DST =
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coor_type =
latd=49 |latm=12 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=119 |longm=42 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 021000
area_code = 0470
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website =http://www.hulunbeier.gov.cn/
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Hulunbuir ( _mn. , its largest urban area.

Until October 10, 2001, Hulun Buir was administered as a League. The area is 263,953 km² and population 2.710 million as of 2004, while the gross domestic product was RMB 21.326 billion. The jurisdiction area of the city is actually larger than many Chinese provinces (and 42 U.S. states), and Hulun Buir is recognized as the largest city in the world by area, although the actual urban agglomeration is just a very small part of the region, and the average population density of the area is very low.

Major scenic features are the high steppes of the Hulun Buir grasslands, the Hulun and Buir lakes (the latter partially in Mongolia), and the Khingan range. Hulun Buir borders Russia, Mongolia, Heilongjiang province and Hinggan League.

Historically, the eastern part of the area is also known as Barga.

Administrative subdivisions

Hulunbuir is divided into 13 different county-level jurisdictions

There is one district

*Hailar District (海拉尔区 - Hǎilā'ěr Qū), 1,440 km², 260,000 inhabitants (2004), Hulun Buir's administrative center;

Five county-level cities:
*Manzhouli (满洲里市 - Mǎnzhōulǐ Shì), 696 km², 160,000 inhabitants (2004);
*Zhalantun (扎兰屯市 - Zhālántún Shì), 16,800 km², 440,000 inhabitants (2004);
*Yakeshi (牙克石市 - Yákèshí Shì), 27,590 km², 400,000 inhabitants (2004);
*Genhe (根河市 - Gēnhé Shì), 19,659 km², 170,000 inhabitants (2004);
*Ergun (额尔古纳市 - É'ěrgǔnà Shì), 28,000 km², 90,000 inhabitants (2004);

And five banners
*Arun Banner (阿荣旗 - Āróng Qí), 12,063 km², 320,000 inhabitants (2004), administrative center: Naji (那吉镇);
*New Barga Right Banner (新巴尔虎右旗 - Xīnbā'ěrhǔ Yòu Qí), 25,102 km², 30,000 inhabitants (2004), administrative center: Altan Emel (阿拉坦额莫勒镇);
*New Barga Left Banner (新巴尔虎左旗 - Xīnbā'ěrhǔ Zuǒ Qí), 22,000 km², 40,000 inhabitants (2004), administrative center: Amgulang (阿穆古郎镇);
*Old Barga Banner (陈巴尔虎旗 - Chénbā'ěrhǔ Qí), 21,192 km², 60,000 inhabitants (2004), administrative center: Bayan Hure (巴彦库仁镇);
*Oroqen Autonomous Banner (鄂伦春自治旗 - Èlúnchūn Zìzhìqí), 59,800 km², 280,000 inhabitants (2004), administrative center: Alihe (阿里河镇);
*Evenk Autonomous Banner (鄂温克族自治旗 - Èwēnkèzú Zìzhìqí), 19,111 km², 140,000 inhabitants (2004), administrative center: Bayan Tohoi (巴彦托海镇);
*Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner (莫利达瓦达斡尔族自治旗 - Mòlìdáwǎ Dáwò'ěrzú Zìzhìqí), 10,500 km², 320,000 inhabitants (2004), administrative center: Nirgi (尼尔基镇).

Demographics (as of 2000)

Further reading

*"Jinri Nei Menggu: Hulun Bei'er" 今日内蒙古: 呼伦贝尔 (Inner Mongolia today: Hulun Buir). 内蒙古人民出版社 "Nei Menggu renmin chubanshe", 呼和浩特 Hohhot 1997, ISBN 7204035453, 9+129 pages

External links

* [http://www.hulunbeier.gov.cn/ Hulunbuir government website] (in Chinese)
* [http://www.cpi.com.cn/cpi-eng/code/InnerMongolia.asp Inner Mongolian postcodes] (in English)


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