Time Considered as a Helix of Semi-Precious Stones

Time Considered as a Helix of Semi-Precious Stones

Infobox short story
name = Time Considered as a Helix of Semi-Precious Stones
title_orig =
translator =
author = Samuel R. Delany
country =
language =
series =
genre = Science Fiction
published_in =
publication_type =
publisher =
media_type =
pub_date = 1968
english_pub_date =
preceded_by =
followed_by =

"Time Considered as a Helix of Semi-Precious Stones" is a science fiction short story by Samuel R. Delany. It won the Hugo Award for Best Short Story 1970, and the Nebula Award for Best Novelette in 1969.

Plot summary

Relationships change and reverse as a thief and impersonator rises up through the ranks to established semi-legit crime boss. The story is told in the first person. Although the protagonist has no fixed identity, he can conveniently be referred to as HCE.

HCE is a professional criminal looking to improve his lot in life. He is also quite nervous and paranoid about the world around him, despite his evident successes. He was an orphan, saddled with the name Harold Clancy Everett. As a youth he was sent to work on a highly automated dairy farm in the state of Vermont, although the "cows" were basically inert masses of tissue stacked in a barn and hooked up to tubes. He stole the farmer's helicopter, got drunk, and landed on the roof of the old Pan Am building. Sent to jail, he dedicated himself to avoiding such mistakes in future. He also never went by the name Harold Clancy Everett again.

He becomes a chameleon, adopting alias after alias (all with the initials HCE). As the story opens, he arrives in New York City on a space flight, carrying something small but extremely valuable, which he hopes to sell. It is stolen property, although its exact nature is not revealed. Shedding his travel identity, he enters a bar to contact a man who will buy his goods, only to be accosted by a woman who draws his attention to the stone she is wearing in a bracelet. The stone is jasper. Jasper also happens to be the current Word. In the underworld the Word is a kind of global password. Used properly, two criminals who may never have met can use it to communicate many shades of meaning, from a greeting to a warning. The Word changes every thirty days, and is always the name of a semi-precious stone. HCE feigns ignorance of the stone's importance.

The woman identifies herself as Special Services Agent Maud Hinkle, from a police bureau which tracks criminals who are changing their status quickly. These are the ones who cause the most problems in society, she claims. She also claims to use "holographic information" which can interrelate all the information on a criminal, and which allowed her to predict that HCE would enter the bar so she could intercept him. She then vanishes into the crowd. As HCE pursues her a full-scale brawl breaks out and he barely escapes injury. Unfortunately the man he had hoped to sell the stolen goods to is found dead in the street outside. He is left puzzling over Maud's prediction that there are "helicopters and hawks" in his future. She also mentioned that there were "helicopters and cows" in his past, which scares HCE because he did not believe there was any evidence connecting him to the dairy farm, the helicopter having been unregistered.

He hooks up with Hawk, evidently a young poet living on the edge. Hawk is also a Singer, a kind of public poet with the ability to improvise a song to celebrate or memorialize a major event. Singers are highly prized in society. They are much sought after as guests at fashionable parties. Hawk offers to get HCE into one such party after seeing his "property", since some underworld characters are bound to be there.

Reaching the party in a swanky penthouse, HCE meets Arty the Hawk, an established crime boss who attracts no interest from Special Services. HCE tells him about meeting Maud, and Artie recognizes her but refuses to help. He tells HCE that she can hurt him, but he can learn to think like her and possibly advance his own career despite her efforts. Just after Arty buys the stolen goods from him, there is a commotion as the police raid the penthouse using helicopters. HCE stages an elaborate diversion involving two of his disguises (Henrietta, Countess of Effingham and the Honorable Clement Effingham) to cover Arty's escape, and then flees with him and Hawk the Singer in the elevator. They arrive at ground level where the police have the exits sealed. Hawk is persuaded to Sing in order to create another diversion. He throws a large oil-burning lamp into a large ornamental pool, setting it ablaze, and then improvises a tale of the nights happenings. This draws a large crowd through which the other two can carefully leave the building.

Using his new money as a stake, HCE builds his career. The Word changes month to month, and occasionally he uses it, as in one case where he arranges the murder of a man. He eventually sets up the first ever ice cream parlor on a moon of Neptune, as an investment and a cover for his activities. He encounters Maud while taking a tourist trip. She is not there to arrest him, she explains, and in any case she's out of her jurisdiction. She is simply going about her life, and thanks to HCE's upward mobility, both move in social circles that are getting smaller. She explains that she mixes with the criminal fraternity to do her job, just as a narcotics cop mixes with drug users. It's inevitable that she and HCE will meet from time to time. Once he stops rising and settles down, she will have no professional interest in him. They might even become friends.

During their conversation, she tells him how Hawk the Singer had dived back into the blazing pool once his song was over, being near death when he was fished out. Hawk is severely emotionally disturbed, prone to self-injury, and not above asking others to inflict injury on him to satisfy his needs. HCE was one of those people, and he has deeply suppressed guilt about Hawk's situation.

Later HCE finds Arty the Hawk on his doorstep. Arty explains that he sought him out because their relationship was about to undergo a change. HCE is puzzled, but eventually realizes that Artie and he are about to become rivals. Artie will try to buy him out, then to kill him, because that is the way the world works. If he survives and prospers, he and Artie will eventually become friends because there will be more profit in cooperating than in competing. He tells Arty this, and Arty wholeheartedly agrees. He responds that HCE is starting to think holographically, just like the Maud and Special Services. He departs, and HCE is left contemplating his future.


The story uses a conversational first person style, occasionally indulging in word play for its own sake. Partly this serves to involve the reader in the thought processes of the narrator, but it also points out how the narrator uses word play, circumlocution and obfuscation to keep a threatening world at arm's length. When threatened by Maud Hinkle he becomes evasive, plays "dumb", or adopts a semi-comic "persona" to put her off, acting out the part of psychiatrist describing her view of him as a clinically interesting fantasy.

Even when expressing a sense of fear and dread to others, he cannot help but dress it up in word play, as follows:

The narrator is also painfully aware of his own neuroses, and equally aware that as he moves up in criminal society they can only get worse.

Otherwise the story does little with science-fiction themes. Cheap space travel, along with the technology to live comfortably anywhere in the Solar System, is taken for granted and is nothing more than peripheral decoration. Interplanetary travel could as easily have been international travel on Earth, without affecting the core of the story. In fact the technology is almost absurdly efficient, as when the changing Word travels from Earth to Neptune, billions of miles, in a matter of hours. Instead the world in which this story happens is the one inside the narrator's head, as it is affected by his need to enrich himself while dealing with threats both real and imagined.

List of aliases

All the aliases used by the narrator have the initials H.C.E. which is a reference to Finnegans Wake by James Joyce.

* Harold Clancy Everett (name given by the orphanage)
* Hank Culafroy Eckles (on the flight to Earth)
* Harmony C. Eventide (in New York)
* Harry Calamine Eldritch (a previous alias which Maud uses to address him)
* Harvey Cadwaliter-Erickson (invented by Hawk the Singer for the party, suggesting a connection with a wealthy family)
* Henrietta, Countess of Effingham
* The Honorable Clement Effingham
* Hector Calhoun Eisenhower (as he rises in the underworld on Triton, buying the ice cream bar)
* Hamlet Caliban Enobarbus (invented by Maud on their second encounter, when she recognizes him despite an elaborate disguise)
* Ho Chi Eng (his alias-to-be at the end of the story, when he is about to undertake another enterprise)

The steward at the ice cream bar also makes a joke about a shipment of contraband milk, coining the name Heist Cream Emperor. It is not appreciated.

emi-precious stones

The story appears to take place over a little more than a year, as shown by the list of stones which are used as the Word: jasper, agate, tourmaline, beryl, porphyry, sapphire, cinnabar, turquoise, tiger's eye, garnet, topaz, taafite and pyrite. The narrator celebrates his twenty-sixth birthday during "beryl", and buys the ice cream bar during "sapphire". He causes a murder to occur using "topaz". The final events take place just as pyrite replaces taafite.

ources, references, external links, quotations

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