- Ambergate railway station
Infobox UK station
name = Ambergate
caption = Ambergate station as it is now
East Midlands Trains
code = AMB
lowusage0405 = 18,655
lowusage0506 = 19,006
lowusage0607 = 17,222
platforms = 1
years = 11 May 1840
events = Station opens as Amber Gate
years1 = 1 October 1846
events1 = Station renamed Ambergate
years2 = 1 June 1863
events2 = Station moved 400m due south
years3 = 10 December 1876
events3 = Station moved 605m due north
Ambergate railway station is a
railway stationserving the village of Ambergatein Derbyshire. The station is located on the Derwent Valley Linefrom Derbyto Matlock, which diverges from the Midland Main Linejust south of the station at Ambergate Junction.
It has a complicated history. The original station was built for the
North Midland Railwayin 1840, between Derbyand Leeds. It was an ornate building, by Francis Thompson., which would have graced a Lord of the Manor.
Belperthe line ran along the Derwent Valley, along a stretch called Broadholme, with four bridges across the river, through Longlands Tunnel, across the River Derwent and Derby road with a magnificent five-arch viaduct. It then entered Hag Wood Tunnel as turned towards the Amber Valley.
The station building was just north of this tunnel. Shortly afterwards a proposal was made for an
Ambergate, Nottingham, Boston and Eastern Junction Railwaywhich however never materialised, apart from a stretch between Colwickand Grantham.
However, in 1849, the branch from Ambergate to
Rowsleywas built by the proposed Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway, with a west to north connection between the lines at the original Ambergate Junction. When a south to west connection was made, for trains from Derby to Rowsley, in 1863 the station building was rebuilt adjacent to the new Ambergate South junction. The original bridge was also widened at its northern end to accommodate the new junction.
Another line in 1875 opened through Butterley to Pye Bridge, near
Ironvillein the Erewash Valley. Much of its business was coal traffic from Nottinghamshireto Manchester and Liverpool, avoiding Derby.
The triangular station
In 1876 a loop was built passing the west side of Hag Wood Tunnel, as a diversion from the original line to a third platform, which allowed for Derby to
Sheffieldstopping trains. The station was completely rebuilt, with the old building remaining in use a plans store. This third and final station was the famous triangular one, reputed to be one of only three in the country.
Throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Ambergate was an important railway interchange with 28,207 tickets sold in 1872 rising to 90,157 by 1922.
In 1931 the line across Broadholme approaching from the south was upgraded to four tracks. Longlands Tunnel was opened up to form a wide cutting and the junction with the Manchester line was moved south of the river. A new modern steel bridge for the Manchester line was built alongside the original viaduct over the River Derwent and the A6 main road.
From Ambergate, towards
Chesterfield, the next difficulty for the North Midland Railway was the intersection with the Cromford Canal, where a complex aqueduct was built, before it carried on through a station at Wingfield to Stretton.
The line through Matlock which, in those days, was the 'main line', carried London to
Manchesterexpresses such as the Palatineand the Peaks. It also carried coal trains from Nottinghamshire, for a while with Garratt locomotives, which would be split at Rowsley for the long climb to Peak Forest.
Grouping and Nationalisation
Having gathered in the
Midland Railway, the lines through the station became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railwayduring the Grouping of 1923. The station then passed on to the London Midland Region of British Railwayson nationalisationin 1948.
Most of the trackwork on the Manchester line was lifted in 1968 at the same time as the line from Rowsley to Manchester was closed. The station buildings were removed in 1970. Although the triangular station site remained for a number of years the road bridges were finally removed in the late 1980s. All that is left now is a platform on a single track to Matlock, and the original main Derby to Sheffield line through Hag Wood (Toadmoor) Tunnel, Clay Cross and Chesterfield. This led to its mention in the song "
Slow Train" by Flanders and Swann.
The station is served by
East Midlands Trains, who operate local services from Derby to Matlock. For journeys beginning at Ambergate, tickets may be bought on the train for any destination in the country. (From Derby, tickets must be bought at the ticket office) Journey time to Derby is approximately 16 minutes. Services are approximately two-hourly. From 13 December 2008 it is planned to increase these to once an hour.
previous = Belper
next = Whatstandwell
London Midland and Scottish Railway Midland Railway Manchester, Buxton, Matlock and Midlands Junction Railway
col = 000000rail line
previous = Whatstandwell
next = Wingfield
London Midland and Scottish Railway Midland Railway
col = 000000rail line
previous = Belper
next = Wingfield
London Midland and Scottish Railway Midland Railway North Midland Railway
col = 000000
Railway station layout
* Pixton, B., (2000) "North Midland: Portrait of a Famous Route," Chelteham: Runpast Publishing
*GBvosi|e=434903|n=351657|cty=|txt=Map of the station in 1887 showing the triangular layout
* [http://www.picturethepast.org.uk/frontend.php?action=zoomWindow&keywords=Ref_No_increment;EQUALS;DMAG001910&prevUrl=ZnJvbnRlbmQucGhwPyZ1c2VyX2tleXdvcmRzPVBsZWFzZStlbnRlcit5b3VyK2tleXdvcmRzJm9wZXJhdG9yPUFORCZ0b3duX3ZpbGxhZ2U9QW1iZXJnYXRlJmRhdGFiYXNlPSZhY3Rpb249c2VhcmNoJmtleXdvcmRzPVRvd25fVmlsbGFnZSUzQkVRVUFMUyUzQkFtYmVyZ2F0ZSUzQiZ4PTUzJnk9OQ= "Picture the Past" Original station building at Ambergate]
* [http://www.picturethepast.org.uk/frontend.php?action=zoomWindow&keywords=Ref_No_increment;EQUALS;DMAG001911&prevUrl=ZnJvbnRlbmQucGhwPyZ1c2VyX2tleXdvcmRzPVBsZWFzZStlbnRlcit5b3VyK2tleXdvcmRzJm9wZXJhdG9yPUFORCZ0b3duX3ZpbGxhZ2U9QW1iZXJnYXRlJmRhdGFiYXNlPSZhY3Rpb249c2VhcmNoJmtleXdvcmRzPVRvd25fVmlsbGFnZSUzQkVRVUFMUyUzQkFtYmVyZ2F0ZSUzQiZ4PTUzJnk9OQ= "Picture the Past" Triangular Station circa 1910]
* [http://www.picturethepast.org.uk/frontend.php?action=zoomWindow&keywords=Ref_No_increment;EQUALS;DCHQ501686&prevUrl=ZnJvbnRlbmQucGhwPyZ1c2VyX2tleXdvcmRzPVBsZWFzZStlbnRlcit5b3VyK2tleXdvcmRzJm9wZXJhdG9yPUFORCZ0b3duX3ZpbGxhZ2U9QW1iZXJnYXRlJmRhdGFiYXNlPSZhY3Rpb249c2VhcmNoJmtleXdvcmRzPVRvd25fVmlsbGFnZSUzQkVRVUFMUyUzQkFtYmVyZ2F0ZSUzQiZ4PTUzJnk9OSZwYWdlPTI= "Picture the Past" View of the station]
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