Queen Square (Bath)


Queen Square (Bath)

Queen Square is a square of Georgian houses in the city of Bath, England.

Queen Square was the first speculative development by the architect John Wood, the Elder. Wood lived in a house on the square. [cite web |url=http://www.ukattraction.com/west-country/queens-square.htm |title=Queen Square |accessdate=2008-01-10 |format= |work=UK attractions ] Numbers 21-27 make up the north side. [cite web | title= QUEEN SQUARE (north side) | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=443387 | accessdate=2008-01-10] Which was described by Nikolaus Pevsner as "one of the finest Palladian compositions in England before 1730". [cite web |url=http://www.thebath.net/old/environment/queensquare/index.html |title=Queen Square |accessdate=2008-01-10 |format= |work= Bath Net]

The west side (numbers 14 - 18 and 18A, 19 & 20) was designed by John Pinch in 1830 and differs from Wood's original design as the central block is in Neo-Grecian style. [cite web | title= QUEEN SQUARE (west side) | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=443386 | accessdate=2008-01-10] 16-18 is now occupied by the Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution (BRLSI). The south side (numbers 5-13) which was originally left open is now occupied by a hotel. [cite web | title= QUEEN SQUARE (south side) | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=443385 | accessdate=2008-01-10] All of the buildings have been designated by English Heritage as grade I listed buildings. The obelisk in the centre of the square was erected by Beau Nash in 1738. [cite web | title= QUEEN SQUARE obelisk | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=443388 | accessdate=2008-01-10]

During World War II, between the evening of 25 April and the early morning of 27 April 1942, Bath suffered three air raids in reprisal for RAF raids on the German cities of Lübeck and Rostock, part of the Luftwaffe campaign popularly known as the Baedeker Blitz. Over 400 people were killed, and more than 19,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed. [cite web |url=http://www.royalcrescentbath.com/HistoryBathatWar.htm |title=History - Bath at War |accessdate=2007-12-09 |format= |work=Royal Crescent Society, Bath ] Houses on the south side of Queen Square were damaged but have subsequently been restored. [cite web |url=http://www.royalcrescentbath.com/HistoryRoyalCrescent%202.htm#The_Day_Bombs_fell_on_Bath |title=Royal Crescent History: The Day Bombs fell on Bath |accessdate=2007-12-09 |format= |work=Royal Crescent Society, Bath ]

References


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