- Low-angle laser light scattering
Low-angle laser light scattering or LALLS is an application of
light scatteringthat is particularly useful in conjunction with the technique of Size exclusion chromatography[ The application of size exclusion chromatography equipped with RI and LALLS detectors to study network formation Polymer Bulletin 27, 281-287 (1991) Zoran S, Petrovic and William J. MacKnight] , one of the most powerful and widely-used techniques to study the molecular weight distributionof a polymer.
eluentof the SEC column is allowed to pass through both a refractive index detector(that gives measures for the concentration in the solution as a function time) and through a laser scattering cell. The scattered intensity is measured as a function of time under a small angle with respect to the laser beam. Under these conditions the laser signal together with the concentration data can easily be translated into a curve that yields both the Mn and the Mw, the molar mass weighted by number and by weight respectively. The combination of those two data gives information on the linearity of the polymer.
The technique is sometimes complemented or combined with
viscometryand polystyrene standards are available [ [http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search/ProductDetail/FLUKA/03595 standards] ] for validation of the results.
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