- Croton-on-Hudson, New York
Croton-on-Hudson, New York — Village — Coordinates: Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Westchester Area – Total 10.8 sq mi (28.0 km2) – Land 4.7 sq mi (12.3 km2) – Water 6.1 sq mi (15.7 km2) Elevation 164 ft (50 m) Population (2010) – Total 8,070 – Density 746.5/sq mi (288.2/km2) Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5) – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) ZIP codes 10520-10521 Area code(s) 914 FIPS code 36-19213 GNIS feature ID 0947832 Website www.crotononhudson-ny.gov
Croton-on-Hudson is a village in Westchester County, New York, United States. The population was 8,070 at the 2010 census. It is located in the town of Cortlandt, in New York City's northern suburbs. The village was incorporated in 1898.
From the 1910s to the 1960s, Croton was a popular location for the summer homes of American communists, socialists and other radicals and many important artists and writers.
The village is home to one of at least four operating "dummy-lights" in the United States, located downtown at the intersection of Old Post Road South and Grand Street. It is a traffic signal on a pedestal which sits in the middle of an intersection, dating back to the 1920s. Two others are also located in New York State, in Beacon and Canajoharie, and another can be found in Albion, Rhode Island.
Notable parks and sites of interest in the community include:
- Croton Dam (on the Croton River outside the village limits in the town of Cortlandt)
- Croton Point Park, site of a former county and regional landfill for well over seven decades, was closed and capped thanks to grassroots activists (this means there is no smell in the park), Riverkeeper, state, county and local officials
- Paradise Island Park
- Van Cortlandt Manor, a National Historic Landmark located in the park
- Teatown Lake Reservation
- Senasqua Park with extending walkways to Croton Point
- Black Rock on the Croton River, near Route 129, within a mile or so of the New Croton Dam, is used mostly for fly fishing and picnics. It is within 100 yards of a historic bridge which dates from the 1800s on Quaker Hill Road.
- Silver Lake is a beach along the Croton River, and has trails to Carrie E. Tompkins elementary school (CET) and the north tip of Cleveland Drive.
- Jane E. Lytle Memorial Arboretum
- Brinton Brook Sanctuary
- Croton Landing, a park along the Hudson River
- Mayo's Landing, a park along the Croton River
Croton Point Park hosts Clearwater's Great Hudson River Revival, a yearly folk music, art and environmental festival.
Croton-on-Hudson has an annual event called the Summerfest. Every year the central business district (with corners at the Municipal Building, Grand Street Fire House and Croton-Harmon High School) is closed to automobile traffic for music, American food, local fund raisers, traveling, and local artists.
Croton-on-Hudson is home to a number of local, independent businesses, such as 3rd Universe Comics, Computer Configurations, the Blue Pig, and The Black Cow Coffee Company, which opened December 1995, Westchester's first micro-roastery-coffeehouse.
Temple Israel of Northern Westchester is the local Reform Judaism temple.
Holy Name of Mary is a local Catholic church.
St. Augustine's is a local Episcopal church.
Community Bible Church is a local non-denominational church located near the Teatown area.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) has a local congregation located near the Teatown area.
Our Savior Lutheran is the local Lutheran church.
Asbury Methodist Church is the local Methodist church.
Croton-on-Hudson is the North East American base of the Emin Society.
Briarcliff, Ossining, Croton Unitarian Universalist Fellowship
Croton-on-Hudson's economy has historically thrived on the Metro North train station that up until 1968 served as the point at which northbound trains would exchange their electric engines for other modes of conveyance. During those days, the train station and its super-adjacent area was known as Harmon. Because maintenance of diesel and steam engines was then very labor-intensive, there were many workers whose needs were served by abundant service businesses, such as restaurants and bars. Because of the separate development of both the Harmon and the Mt. Airy communities, there are two commercial districts, one based around Grand Street, and one based around Harmon that in recent years have connected into one sprawling commercial district. There is also the North Riverside commercial district that serves the communities based around Riverside Drive, Brook Street, Grand Street, and Bank Street.
After the New York Central Railroad folded, Croton-on-Hudson's economy slowly stagnated. Although Croton-Harmon station still served as the main transfer point northbound between local and express trains, the laborers who had earlier fueled a bustling service economy were no longer present in Harmon. The exodus of labor during the early 1970s was compounded by the stagflation that was a result of higher oil prices and sky-rocketing interest rates.
There has been an ongoing effort since the early 1990s to develop the riverfront for recreational use. Among the accomplishments are a pedestrian bridge spanning Route 9/9A between the lower village and Senasqua Park, the Crossining pedestrian footbridge across the Croton River, the bicycle trail extensions around Half Moon Bay Condominiums, rehabilitation of the "Picture Tunnel" (repaving and closing it to cars), and acquisition and clearing of the Croton Landing property.
Government and politics
As of the regular 2011 elections
- Mayor: Leo A. W. Wiegman
- Trustees: Ian Murtaugh, Casey Raskob, Ann Gallelli, Gregory Schmidt
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 10.8 square miles (28 km2), of which 4.8 square miles (12 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2), or 56.06%, is water.
The town is a stop for Amtrak's Empire Service and the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Metro-North Hudson Line service, both at the Croton-Harmon station. Metro-North's main shops and yards are also located here.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,606 people, 2,798 households, and 2,050 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,601.7 people per square mile (618.3/km²). There were 2,859 housing units at an average density of 602.1 per square mile (232.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 91.5% White, 1.9% African American, 0.26% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.58% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.93% of the population.
There were 2,798 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.7% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the village the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $84,744, and the median income for a family was $100,182. Males had a median income of $65,938 versus $46,029 for females. The per capita income for the village was $39,441. About 1.8% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.
Famous natives, residents and former residents
- Guy Adami
- Frances E. Allen
- Isabel Chapin Barrows
- Charles H. Bennett (computer scientist)
- Ramon Bloomberg, artist and music video director
- Howard Major Buckley
- Alexander Calder, artist
- Isadora Duncan
- Max Eastman
- Carl Folta
- William Gaddis
- Josh Greenfeld
- Hananiah Harari, American modernist painter and illustrator
- Robb Hanrahan
- Lee Elhardt Hays
- Joseph Heller
- Herman Kahn
- Roger Kahn
- Herbert Keppler
- Jeff McCarthy
- John Mearsheimer
- Edna St. Vincent Millay
- Ward Morehouse
- Jessye Norman
- Jerry Pinkney, Caldecott award-winning children's book illustrator
- John Silas Reed
- Darlene Rodriguez
- Edward Rondthaler
- Gordon Sheer
- Upton Sinclair
- Peter Strauss
- Gloria Swanson
- Hannah Tompkins
- Matt West
- R. J. Williams, DJ
Use as location for feature films and television
Films shot in Croton-on-Hudson include:
- Daylight: In the opening sequence, the trucks that end up destroying the tunnel drive through Croton-on-Hudson (the steps of the New Croton Dam are visible) and several other towns in Westchester County, New York
- Reds: The main characters were supposed to be in Croton-on-Hudson, but their cottage there was actually filmed in England.
- Shriek of the Mutilated (1974) (alternate titles: Mutilated, Scream of the Snowbeast)
- The Toxic Avenger Part II
- War of the Worlds (2005 film): Shot at Croton Point.
- The Weavers: Wasn't that the Time: Documentary about the blacklisted folk group, "The Weavers," and the events leading up to their triumphant return to Carnegie Hall.
- 30 Rock: The episode "Retreat to Move Forward" from the third season was set in Croton-on-Hudson. The episode features the catchphrase 'what happens in Croton-on-Hudson stays in Croton-on-Hudson.'
- An Episode of the NBC series Kings was shot at the Croton Dam. The Waterfall and bridge leading to Croton Gorge Park are clearly visible and utilized in multiple scenes.
In Green Lantern Comics
In issue #19 of Green Lantern Corps, there is a battle scene shown at the Croton Dam in which Green Lantern Sodam Yat, infused with the power of Ion, fights against Superboy Prime.
- ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Croton-on-Hudson village, Westchester County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- ^ Chambers, Whittaker, "Witness" (1952). pp. 240-241 of the 50th Anniversary Edition published by Regnery.
- ^ "Village of Croton-on-Hudson, NY - Village Board of Trustees". Village of Croton-on-Hudson, NY Virtual Town Hall. Village of Croton-on-Hudson, NY. http://village.croton-on-hudson.ny.us/Public_Documents/CrotonHudsonNY_BComm/trustees. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Croton Cortlandt News, Jan 16, 1964
- ^ "Titles with locations including Croton-on-Hudson, New York, USA". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc.. http://www.imdb.com/List?endings=on&&locations=Croton-on-Hudson,%20New%20York,%20USA&&heading=18;with+locations+including;Croton-on-Hudson,%20New%20York,%20USA. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- ^ "Daylight (1996) - Filming Locations". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc.. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0116040/locations. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
- ^ Myers, Marc (January 3, 1982). "The Story Of 'Reds' and the Reed House". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9407E2D91338F930A35752C0A964948260. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- ^ "Shriek of the Mutilated (1974)". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc.. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0098503/. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- ^ "On the Set with a Little More "Tenderness" in Croton". Crotonblog. Front Burner Publishing, Inc. June 28, 2006. http://www.crotonblog.com/archives/2006/06/28/arts_entertainment/on_the_set_with_a_little_more_tenderness_in_croton/. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- ^ "The Toxic Avenger, Part II (1989)". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc.. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0098503/. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- ^ Knowles, Harry (December 23, 2004). "Spy Report from the wooded set of WAR OF THE WORLDS!". Ain't It Cool News (Ain't It Cool, Inc.). http://www.aintitcool.com/display.cgi?id=19027. Retrieved 2008-04-29.
- City of Beacon. Canajoharie, New York: Credits. Retrieved Sep. 30, 2008.
- Croton-on-Hudson Historical Society. Canajoharie, New York: Credits. Retrieved Sep. 30, 2008.
- Villages of Canajoharie & Palatine Bridge. Canajoharie, New York: Credits. Retrieved Sep. 30, 2008.
- Village of Croton-on-Hudson official website
- GuideToCroton.com business directory
- Croton Republican Committee
- Croton Democratic Party
- Croton on Hudson Lions Club
Municipalities and communities of Westchester County, New York Cities Towns Villages
Ardsley | Briarcliff Manor | Bronxville | Buchanan | Croton-on-Hudson | Dobbs Ferry | Elmsford | Harrison | Hastings-on-Hudson | Irvington | Larchmont | Mamaroneck | Mount Kisco | Ossining | Pelham | Pelham Manor | Pleasantville | Port Chester | Rye Brook | Scarsdale | Sleepy Hollow | Tarrytown | Tuckahoe
Armonk | Bedford (Bedford Village) | Chappaqua | Crompond | Crugers | Eastchester | Fairview | Golden's Bridge | Greenville | Hartsdale | Hawthorne | Heritage Hills | Jefferson Valley | Lake Mohegan | Lincolndale | Peach Lake‡ | Scotts Corners | Shenorock | Shrub Oak | Thornwood | Valhalla | Verplanck | Yorktown Heights
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
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