Prijedor


Prijedor

Infobox Settlement
settlement_type =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name =Bosnia and Herzegovina
subdivision_type1 =
subdivision_name1 =
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
timezone=CET
utc_offset=+1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
unit_pref=
map_caption =Location of Prijedor within Bosnia and Herzegovina
latNS=N
longEW=E
population_as_of= 1991
native_name = Prijedor
Приједор
official_name =
other_name =



area_total_km2 = 833|population_blank1 = 112,543|population_blank1_title=Municipality
population_town = 34,635
|parts_type=Settlements
parts =
latd =44|latm=58
longd=16|longm=43
area_code = 52
website = [http://www.opstinaprijedor.org/ www.opstinaprijedor.org]
footnotes =
|leader_title=Sheriff
leader_name = Marko Pavić (DNS) [http://www.izbori.ba/documents/Rezultati%20izbora%202004/Utvrdjeni/2004NacelniciRS.pdf]
leader_party =
|

Prijedor (Serbian Cyrillic: Приједор) is a second largest town and municipality in RS .

Geography

Prijedor municipality sits in north-western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the banks of the Sana river and Gomjenica and on hills of Kozara mountain. The area of the municipality is convert|833|km2|sqmi|0|abbr=on. The town lies on 44°N and 16°W from Greenwhich, at altitude of 135 m. convert|2|km|mi|0|abbr=on outside the town, to the northeast, the terrain ascends in waves and by degrees becomes a mountain range of Kozara, famous from the peoples' uprisings in the previous centuries and battles against fascism during World War II. The level country in Prijedor lays is alluvial terrain created by the Sana river and its tributaries on the south western hillsides of the Kozara mountain. The structure of this level country depends upon the geologic composition of the ground through which run brooks and tributaries of the Sana river.

The town was developed on Svinjarica island separated from the Sana river and Berek. There are remains of the Roman and Illyrian civilizations in these regions.

Location

History

Prijedor has been first mentioned in historical documents as a ground fortress, in letters of Count Adam Batschani during the so-called Viennese war from 1683 till 1699. However, many things refer to the town's existence since ancient times and the ancient Roman presence in this region. In Ljubija were found many monuments from the Roman age as evidence of the iron production. In Zecovi there is Illyrian necropolis from the Iron Age. A legend says that the river Sana had been named by the Romans. In the iron mine, used for production of weapons for the Roman legions, from Prijedor iron mine placers was melted in large smeltings—works of Salonica, Siscia and Sirmium.

Soon Prijedor has become a significant trade handcraft centre, thanks to the Roman roads, navigability of the Sana river and the first railway in Bosnia and Herzegovina which was built in 1873 during the time of Baron Hirsch. A century after, the town had burnt in a great fire which is why the Austro-Hungarian authorities had made the first urban plan in 1901.

Among important monuments there is a great monument on Mrakovica, the work of academic artist Dušan Džamonja, another evidence of traditional freedom-loving of the people in this region.

During the Bosnian war, the area near Prijedor housed the infamous Omarska camp, Keraterm camp, and Trnopolje camp established by Serb authorities for Bosniak and Croat population. Prijedor was also a place of mass [Marlise Simons, "5 Bosnian Serbs Guilty of War Crimes at Infamous Camp," "The New York Times", November 3, 2001.] [Marlise Simons, "3 Ex-Guards at Bosnia Camp Are Sentenced by Hague Panel," "The New York Times", November 14, 2001, p. A6.] war rape and executions of Muslims, Bosniaks, Bosnian Croats and non-cooperative Bosnian Serbs by the Bosnian Serb army. Bosnian Serb high-rank politician from Prijedor, Milomir Stakić, was found guilty by ICTY and was sentenced to 40 years for war crimes conducted by Serb authorities in Prijedor. [ [http://www.un.org/icty/stakic/appeal/judgement/index.htm Milomir Stakić judgement file] at United NationsICTY website]

Demographics

1910

According to the data from the 1910 Austro-Hungarian population census the Prijedor district had a 59.08% Orthodox Serb majority.

1971-1981-1991

According to data from the census, the municipality of Prijedor had:

The town of Prijedor itself in 1991 had a population of 34,635, including:
*13,927 (40,21%) Bosnian Serbs
*13,388 (38,65%) Bosnian Muslims
*4,282 (12,36%) Yugoslavs
*1,757 (5,07%) Bosnian Croats
*1,281 (3,69%) others and unknown

Note: Muslims by nationality are today mostly called Bosniaks.

Current population

In 2006, the majority of inhabitants of municipality . According to the latest data, there are over 94,096 inhabitants of which 48% belong to the urban population while 52% to the rural population.

The population of non-Serbs has declined significantly since 1991, while the number of Serbs increased dramatically. This was caused by the ethnic cleansing of mostly Bosniaks and Croats by Bosnian Serb authorities, and by the influx of Serb refugees from other areas under Bosniak and Croat control.Fact|date=January 2008

Education

The first forms of organized education can be tracked back in the first half of the 19th century. In 1834 Prijedor had the "Serbian elementary school" that later with so-called "Communal school" was transformed into "State school" in 1919. [ [http://www.opstinaprijedor.org/content.php?content_category=45 Oficijalna internet prezentacija Opštine Prijedor ] ]

Nowadays, there are 11 elementary schools with circa 8,000 students and 6 high schools attended by 4,000 students. A music school and a special school for mentally retarded persons are also part of the municipal educational system. Over the last several years, important steps were taken, aimed at establishing colleges. As a result, Prijedor now has a medical college, a business college, and a Mining Geology branch department of the University of Banja Luka.

Sport

The local football club, FK Rudar Prijedor, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.

References

External links

* [http://www.opstinaprijedor.org Official Municipality of Prijedor website]
* [http://www.visitprijedor.com/ Prijedor travel agency]
* [http://www.visitprijedor.com/mapa-prijedora.html Map of the city]
* [http://www.poslovnivodic.biz Map of city center and business register]
* [http://www.caffekim.com/ Caffe Kim Prijedor]
* [http://www.gradprijedor.com News & information from Prijedor - GradPrijedor.com]
* [http://www.prijedorcity.com PrijedorCity: City Portal - News & Happenings in Prijedor and Bosnia]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prijedor — Приједор …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prijedor — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Prijedor Приједор Archivo:Coat of arms Prijedor.PNG Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • prijedor — prijédor m DEFINICIJA geogr. tok rijeke kroz gorsko područje, tok rijeke koja prolazi između više planina [prijedor Labe kroz češko sredogorje] ETIMOLOGIJA v. prije + v. derati (drati) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Prijedor — Prijedor, Bezirksstadt in Bosnien (Kreis Banjaluka), Station der Militärbahn Doberlin Banjaluka, an der Sana, mit 5 Moscheen, altem Kastell, Kohlenbergbau, Bezirksgericht, Pferderennplatz und (1895) 5012 Einw. (darunter ca. 2700 Mohammedaner) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Prijedor —   [pri jɛdɔr], Stadt in Bosnien und Herzegowina (Serbische Republik), 135 m über dem Meeresspiegel, an der Sana, 34 600 Einwohner; Zellstoff und Papier sowie keramische Industrie …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Prijédor — m naselje u podnožju Kozare, BiH …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • prijédor — m geogr. tok rijeke kroz gorsko područje, tok rijeke koja prolazi između više planina [∼ Labe kroz češko sredogorje] …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Prijedor — Prijédor m DEFINICIJA naselje u podnožju Kozare, BiH, 34.600 stan …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Prijedor — 44° 58′ 53″ N 16° 42′ 47″ E / 44.9814, 16.7131 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prijedor — Original name in latin Prijedor Name in other language Opshtina Prijedor, Priedor, Priedora, Prijedor, Prijedoras, peuliyedoleu, pu li ye duo er, puriiPrijedoredoru, Општина Приједор, Приедор, Приедора State code BA Continent/City Europe/Sarajevo …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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