subdivision_type = Country
Bosnia and Herzegovina
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
map_caption =Location of Prijedor within Bosnia and Herzegovina
native_name = Prijedor
area_total_km2 = 833|population_blank1 = 112,543|population_blank1_title=Municipality
population_town = 34,635
area_code = 52
website = [http://www.opstinaprijedor.org/ www.opstinaprijedor.org]
leader_name = Marko Pavić (DNS) [http://www.izbori.ba/documents/Rezultati%20izbora%202004/Utvrdjeni/2004NacelniciRS.pdf]
Prijedor (Serbian Cyrillic: Приједор) is a second largest town and municipality in RS .
Prijedor municipality sits in north-western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, on the banks of the Sana river and Gomjenica and on hills of
Kozaramountain. The area of the municipality is convert|833|km2|sqmi|0|abbr=on. The town lies on 44°N and 16°W from Greenwhich, at altitude of 135 m. convert|2|km|mi|0|abbr=on outside the town, to the northeast, the terrain ascends in waves and by degrees becomes a mountain range of Kozara, famous from the peoples' uprisings in the previous centuries and battles against fascism during World War II. The level country in Prijedor lays is alluvialterrain created by the Sana river and its tributaries on the south western hillsides of the Kozara mountain. The structure of this level country depends upon the geologic composition of the ground through which run brooks and tributaries of the Sana river.
The town was developed on Svinjarica island separated from the Sana river and Berek. There are remains of the Roman and Illyrian civilizations in these regions.
Prijedor has been first mentioned in historical documents as a ground fortress, in letters of Count Adam Batschani during the so-called
Viennese warfrom 1683 till 1699. However, many things refer to the town's existence since ancient times and the ancient Roman presence in this region. In Ljubija were found many monuments from the Roman age as evidence of the iron production. In Zecovi there is Illyrian necropolisfrom the Iron Age. A legend says that the river Sana had been named by the Romans. In the iron mine, used for production of weapons for the Roman legions, from Prijedor iron mine placers was melted in large smeltings—works of Salonica, Siscia and Sirmium.
Soon Prijedor has become a significant trade handcraft centre, thanks to the
Roman roads, navigability of the Sana riverand the first railway in Bosnia and Herzegovinawhich was built in 1873 during the time of Baron Hirsch. A century after, the town had burnt in a great fire which is why the Austro-Hungarian authorities had made the first urban planin 1901.
Among important monuments there is a great monument on Mrakovica, the work of academic artist
Dušan Džamonja, another evidence of traditional freedom-loving of the people in this region.
Bosnian war, the area near Prijedor housed the infamous Omarska camp, Keraterm camp, and Trnopolje campestablished by Serb authorities for Bosniak and Croat population. Prijedor was also a place of mass [Marlise Simons, "5 Bosnian Serbs Guilty of War Crimes at Infamous Camp," "The New York Times", November 3, 2001.] [Marlise Simons, "3 Ex-Guards at Bosnia Camp Are Sentenced by Hague Panel," "The New York Times", November 14, 2001, p. A6.] war rapeand executions of Muslims, Bosniaks, Bosnian Croats and non-cooperative Bosnian Serbs by the Bosnian Serb army. Bosnian Serb high-rank politician from Prijedor, Milomir Stakić, was found guilty by ICTY and was sentenced to 40 years for war crimes conducted by Serb authorities in Prijedor. [ [http://www.un.org/icty/stakic/appeal/judgement/index.htm Milomir Stakić judgement file] at United Nations’ ICTYwebsite]
According to the data from the 1910 Austro-Hungarian population census the Prijedor
districthad a 59.08% Orthodox Serb majority.
According to data from the
census, the municipality of Prijedor had:
The town of Prijedor itself in 1991 had a population of 34,635, including:
*1,281 (3,69%) others and unknown
Note: Muslims by nationality are today mostly called Bosniaks.
In 2006, the majority of inhabitants of municipality . According to the latest data, there are over 94,096 inhabitants of which 48% belong to the urban population while 52% to the rural population.
The population of non-Serbs has declined significantly since 1991, while the number of Serbs increased dramatically. This was caused by the
ethnic cleansingof mostly Bosniaks and Croats by Bosnian Serb authorities, and by the influx of Serb refugees from other areas under Bosniak and Croat control.Fact|date=January 2008
The first forms of organized education can be tracked back in the first half of the 19th century. In 1834 Prijedor had the "Serbian elementary school" that later with so-called "Communal school" was transformed into "State school" in 1919. [ [http://www.opstinaprijedor.org/content.php?content_category=45 Oficijalna internet prezentacija Opštine Prijedor ] ]
Nowadays, there are 11
elementary schools with circa 8,000 students and 6 high schools attended by 4,000 students. A music school and a special school for mentally retarded persons are also part of the municipal educational system. Over the last several years, important steps were taken, aimed at establishing colleges. As a result, Prijedor now has a medical college, a business college, and a Mining Geology branch department of the University of Banja Luka.
The local football club,
FK Rudar Prijedor, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.
* [http://www.opstinaprijedor.org Official Municipality of Prijedor website]
* [http://www.visitprijedor.com/ Prijedor travel agency]
* [http://www.visitprijedor.com/mapa-prijedora.html Map of the city]
* [http://www.poslovnivodic.biz Map of city center and business register]
* [http://www.caffekim.com/ Caffe Kim Prijedor]
* [http://www.gradprijedor.com News & information from Prijedor - GradPrijedor.com]
* [http://www.prijedorcity.com PrijedorCity: City Portal - News & Happenings in Prijedor and Bosnia]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Prijedor — Приједор … Deutsch Wikipedia
Prijedor — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Prijedor Приједор Archivo:Coat of arms Prijedor.PNG Escudo … Wikipedia Español
prijedor — prijédor m DEFINICIJA geogr. tok rijeke kroz gorsko područje, tok rijeke koja prolazi između više planina [prijedor Labe kroz češko sredogorje] ETIMOLOGIJA v. prije + v. derati (drati) … Hrvatski jezični portal
Prijedor — Prijedor, Bezirksstadt in Bosnien (Kreis Banjaluka), Station der Militärbahn Doberlin Banjaluka, an der Sana, mit 5 Moscheen, altem Kastell, Kohlenbergbau, Bezirksgericht, Pferderennplatz und (1895) 5012 Einw. (darunter ca. 2700 Mohammedaner) … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Prijedor — [pri jɛdɔr], Stadt in Bosnien und Herzegowina (Serbische Republik), 135 m über dem Meeresspiegel, an der Sana, 34 600 Einwohner; Zellstoff und Papier sowie keramische Industrie … Universal-Lexikon
Prijédor — m naselje u podnožju Kozare, BiH … Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika
prijédor — m geogr. tok rijeke kroz gorsko područje, tok rijeke koja prolazi između više planina [∼ Labe kroz češko sredogorje] … Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika
Prijedor — Prijédor m DEFINICIJA naselje u podnožju Kozare, BiH, 34.600 stan … Hrvatski jezični portal
Prijedor — 44° 58′ 53″ N 16° 42′ 47″ E / 44.9814, 16.7131 … Wikipédia en Français
Prijedor — Original name in latin Prijedor Name in other language Opshtina Prijedor, Priedor, Priedora, Prijedor, Prijedoras, peuliyedoleu, pu li ye duo er, puriiPrijedoredoru, Општина Приједор, Приедор, Приедора State code BA Continent/City Europe/Sarajevo … Cities with a population over 1000 database