- Scraper (kitchen)
There are several types of
kitchen implementwhich are termed scrapers. They can be made of metal, plastics such as polyethylene, nylon, or polypropylene, wood, rubberor silicone rubber. In practice, one type of scraper is often interchanged with another or with a spatula, for some of the various uses.
Bowl scrapers are, as the name suggests, used to remove material from
mixing bowls. Often, a plate scraper is used for this purpose, particularly since the long handle allows it to be used to remove contents of bowls as well as jars, such as mayonnaisejars; however, for bowls, dedicated scrapers are available, lacking the handle, and consisting of a flat, flexible piece of plastic or silicone rubber sized for convenient holding with the palmand fingers, with a curved edge to match the curvature of the average bowl. The degree of curvature can vary from a slight curvature along one edge of a rectangle, to a complex shape composed of changing radiito adapt better to bowls of different sizes. Sometimes a hole is provided in one corner, to allow for hanging the utensil, as well as for placement of the thumbto allow for more secure grip. Prices vary from below one American dollar, to as much as $20 American. [ [http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=sr_st?keywords=bowl+scraper&rs=284507&page=1&rh=i%3Aaps%2Ck%3Abowl+scraper%2Ci%3Agarden%2Cn%3A1055398%2Cn%3A284507&sort=-price Bowl scrapers sorted by price] , Amazon.com]
The technique for use of either form of bowl scraper is essentially
Dough scrapers, or pastry scrapers, are more rigid implements, often made of a metal rectangle with a wooden, plastic, or metal handle running along one long edge not only for more comfortable grip, but also to add rigidity; some bowl scrapers, however, are designed to be stiff enough to serve a dual purpose and are sold as such. Occasionally, an implement resembling a
putty knifeis sold for this purpose. [ [http://www.ablekitchen.com/ProductDetails.asp?ProductCode=WC-64510 Triangular Spatula] ] , [ [http://www.amazon.com/Pan-Scraper-Wood-3X4X8-S-117/dp/B000638HOC/ref=sr_1_5?ie=UTF8&s=home-garden&qid=1199831542&sr=1-5 Pan Scraper] ]
This implement is used to manipulate raw
dough, by scraping it from a surface on which it has been rolled, as well as to slice it.
A grill scraper is a device used to clean cooking grills by scraping stuck particles of food from their surface. For flat surfaced grills, their design can vary from similar to a
putty knife, to a more complex device with provision to protect the hands from the hot grill surface, targeted to professional cooks and chefs [ [http://www.princecastle.com/products/grill_tools_161-173_scrapers.asp Grill scrapers] ] , to even more complex models [ [http://www.princecastle.com/products/grill_tools_613_scraper.asp Ergonomic Grill Scraper] ] costing $100 American. Varieties sold for cleaning wire grills are also available, with notches in the edge of the blade to match the wires of the grill.
A plate scraper consists of a plastic, wooden, or metal handle attached to a flexible rubber head. Although the original use of the implement was to remove food from plates before washing [ [http://digital.lib.msu.edu/projects/cookbooks/html/museum/object_074.html Plate Scraper] , "Feeding America"] , its use has evolved to more of a utilitarian implement, overlapping the uses of the
spatula, which it is often called, and the bowl scraper.
The pan scraper is, as the name suggests, an implement designed for the forcible removal of tightly stuck or burned food from the bottom of pots and pans before washing. They usually resemble a
putty knifewith a metal blade and a metal, wood, or plastic handle, sometimes with the handle mounted at an angle to the blade to allow for more vigorous scraping parallel to the surface; others, however, are a wedge shaped piece of hard plastic molded to fit the hand and with a slightly rounded sharp edge. [ [http://www.recipetips.com/glossary-term/t--38311/pot-or-pan-scraper.asp Pot or Pan Scraper] , Recipetips.com]
A shellfish scraper is a specialized utensil used for removing meat from cooked
shellfishat the dining table. It consists of a stainless steel rod about ten inches in length, with a flattened tip at one end and a forked tip at the other. [ [http://www.instawares.com/shellfish-scraper-l-stainless.mtg-62130.0.7.htm#gallery Shellfish Scraper] ]
Although not a cooking utensil, a crumb scraper is used during a meal to remove crumbs and other unwanted small debris from the surface of table, for cleanliness. Although historically, when crumb scrapers were mostly used in homes, ornate designs were used [ [http://digital.lib.msu.edu/projects/cookbooks/html/museum/object_024.html Crumb Scraper] , "Feeding America"] , the variety most often seen currently is sized and shaped for a
waiterto carry in a breast pocket, and consists of a piece of sheet metal bent into a semi-cylindrical shape closely resembling a laboratory scoopula, which is dragged across the table so that the debris is dragged towards the edge, where it can be disposed of. [ [http://www.freepatentsonline.com/D473988.html?highlight=crumb,scraper&stemming=on patent for a crumb scraper] ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bottle scraper — The bottle scraper (known as both a flessenschraper (bottle scraper) and flessenlikker (bottle licker) in Dutch) is a Dutch kitchen tool similar to a small spatula. It is specifically designed to scrape the contents of long bottles that would be… … Wikipedia
Dough scraper — For the other kitchen tool known as a pastry blender or cutter, see Pastry blender. Stainless steel dough scraper with plastic handle … Wikipedia
Scrape — may refer to:Medicine* Abrasion, a type of injuryTools* Bottle scraper, for removing content from bottles * Scraper (kitchen), a kitchen utensil * Card scraper, for smoothing wood or removing old finish * Hand scraper, for finishing a metal… … Wikipedia
List of food preparation utensils — This is a list of food preparation utensils, some of which are known as kitchenware. These are not the same as appliances which include such things as toasters, toaster ovens, food processors, and other food preparation apparatuses that are… … Wikipedia
hand tool — any tool or implement designed for manual operation. * * * Introduction any of the implements used by craftsmen in manual operations, such as chopping, chiseling, sawing, filing, or forging. Complementary tools, often needed as auxiliaries to… … Universalium
MacDo — McDonald s Pour l’article homonyme, voir McDonald. Logo de McDonald’s Corporation … Wikipédia en Français
MacDonald's — McDonald s Pour l’article homonyme, voir McDonald. Logo de McDonald’s Corporation … Wikipédia en Français
Mac Donald — McDonald s Pour l’article homonyme, voir McDonald. Logo de McDonald’s Corporation … Wikipédia en Français
Mac Donald's — McDonald s Pour l’article homonyme, voir McDonald. Logo de McDonald’s Corporation … Wikipédia en Français
Mac Donalds — McDonald s Pour l’article homonyme, voir McDonald. Logo de McDonald’s Corporation … Wikipédia en Français