- Timeline of Cardiff history
The Timeline of Cardiff history shows the significant events in the history of
Cardiffwhich transformed it from a small Roman fort into the modern capital city of Wales. Many believe that Cardiff actually takes its name, Caer Didi meaning ‘Fort of Didius’ after Aulus Didius Gallus, who built the small wooden fort where Cardiff Castlenow stands.
The Roman settlement of Cardiff
43: Cardiff was founded by Aulus Didius, the native population called him Didi Gawr.cite web |url= http://www.cardiffworld.com/info/History-of-cardiff/Short-history-of-Ancient-Cardiff.html |publisher= www.cardiffworld.com |title=Short history of Ancient Cardiff |accessdate=2007-12-31] 75: A Roman fort at Cardiff, where
Cardiff Castlenow is, was established.cite web |url= http://www.angelfire.com/ga/BobSanders/CDFF1.html |publisher=Bob Sanders |title=A Cardiff & Vale of Glamorgan Chronology up to 1699 |accessdate=2007-12-31]
The Dark Ages and the Viking settlement
445: The first written mention of Cardiff is made in the Annates Cambriae (The Welsh Annals).cite web |url= http://www.theosophycardiff.care4free.net/One%20Minute%20History%20of%20Cardiff.htm |publisher= Theosophical Society |title= Chronology of Cardiff History |accessdate=2007-12-31]
The Norman town of Cardiff
1100: A small town outside the castle was establishing itself. It was made up primarily of settlers from England.
1126: Ralph "Prepositus de Kardi" who took up office as the first Mayor of Cardiff.cite web |url= http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/content.asp?nav=2872%2C4951%2C5030&parent_directory_id=2865&positioning_article_id=&language=&sortkey= |publisher=Cardiff Council |title= The Early Mayors of Cardiff|accessdate=2007-12-31]
1294: The Glamorgan Welsh attacked Cardiff Castle. 1315:
Llywelyn Bren, a great-grandson of Ifor Bach.cite web |url= http://www.cardiffcastle.com/castle.htm|publisher=Cardiff Castle |title= 2000 years of history|accessdate=2007-12-31] , attacked Cardiff Castle
1318: Llewelyn Bren executed at Cardiff as a traitor.
1327: Cardiff declared a Staple Port.
The county town of Glamorganshire
1536: Legislative union of England and Wales (
Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542).. The shire of Glamorgan was established and Cardiff became the county town and the Herbert family became the most powerful family in Cardiff
1551: William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, became the first Baron Cardiff (Baron Herbert of Cardiff).
1595: The first shipment of coal was exported from Cardiff docks.cite web |url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/wales/south_east/4816826.stm |publisher=BBC |title= Search for Cardiff museum ideas|accessdate=2008-01-10] 1608: King James I granted a
Royal Charterto the town of Cardiff.cite web |url= http://www.googobits.com/articles/2181-a-history-lovers-guide-to-cardiff.html|publisher=GoogoBits.com |title= A History Lovers Guide to Cardiff|accessdate=2007-12-31]
1610: Map of Cardiff produced by
John Speed.cite web |url= http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/walespast/article.shtml?id=71&
Battle of St. Fagansfought between the Parliamentarian Army and the Royalists. It was the last major battle to occur in Wales, some 8,000 Royalists were defeated in a two hour fight by 3,000 Parliamentarian troops of the New Model Armywith about 200 soldiers, mainly Royalists, killed.
Flat HolmLighthouse built.cite web |url= http://www.angelfire.com/ga/BobSanders/CDFF2.html |publisher=Bob Sanders |title=A Cardiff & Vale of Glamorgan Chronology 1700 - 1849 |accessdate=2007-12-31]
Act of Parliamentestablished the Improvement Commissioners, responsible for paving, cleaning streets and providing oil lamp lighting in Cardiff.cite web |url= http://www.localhistories.org/Cardiff.html |publisher= www.localhistories.org|title= A Short History of Cardiff |accessdate=2007-12-31]
The building of Cardiff docks
1832: A new County gaol built in the Spital Field (the site of the present Cardiff Prison. 1835: Thomas Revel Guest became the first elected Mayor of Cardiff and also Judge of the Borough Court of Record.
1850: Cardiff Water Company established to provide water for Cardiff.cite web |url= http://www.angelfire.com/ga/BobSanders/CDFF3.html |publisher=Bob Sanders |title=A Cardiff & Vale of Glamorgan Chronology 1850 - 1960 |accessdate=2007-12-31]
Taff Vale Railwaybegins a train service from the Rhondda Valley to Cardiff.
1865: James Howell establishes Howells department store.
1876: Cardiff Arms Park hosted the first rugby game between Cardiff Rugby Club and Swansea Rugby Club.cite web |url= http://www.cardiffians.co.uk/timeline.html |publisher= Cardiffians |title=A Cardiff Timeline |accessdate=2007-12-31]
1883: The National Eisteddfod held in Cardiff.
Coal Exchangewas opened to cope with the handle the growing coal trade.cite web |url= http://www.coalexchange.co.uk/index.htm
publisher= The Coal Exchange |title= A Brief History |accessdate=2007-12-31]
1889: Cardiff became a County Borough, which was independent of the new
Glamorgan County Council..
Ivor Novellowas born in Cowbridge Road East, Cardiff.cite web |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/southeast/halloffame/showbiz/ivor_novello.shtml|publisher= BBC |title= Ivor Novello Stage and screen legend|accessdate=2007-12-31]
1899: Riverside Football Club, later to be renamed Cardiff City, was formed.cite web |url= http://www.cardiffcityfc.premiumtv.co.uk/page/ClubHistory/0,,10335~61928,00.html|publisher= Cardiff City Football Club |title= The foundations and early years |accessdate=2007-12-31]
1903: The first building in
Cathays Park, the University of Wales, Registryis opened. 1904: Cardiff Town Hall opened, later renamed City Hall.cite web |url= http://www.cardiffcityhall.com/CH_history_e.htm |publisher= Cardiff Council |title= A brief history |accessdate=2007-12-31]
The city of Cardiff - the largest coal port in the world
1909: The University building in Cathays Park was opened. The first
Clark's Pieswere produced.
The decline of the docks
Cardiff Citybeat Arsenal 1-0 to win the FA Cup.
1931: Cardiff Airport was opened on Pengam Moors
1935: The first RAC Welsh Rally started from Cardiff.
Shirley Basseywas born in Tiger Bay, Cardiff.cite web |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/music/sites/shirleybassey/pages/biography.shtml |publisher= BBC |title= Shirley Bassey biography|accessdate=2007-12-31]
1939: Billy the Seal died.cite web |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/southeast/sites/cardiff/pages/blee_billyseal.shtml|publisher= BBC |title= Billy the Seal|accessdate=2007-12-31]
1941: The heaviest German Luftwaffe raid of
World War IIoccurred when 156 people were killed.
Welsh National Operaput on its first staged productions at the Prince of Wales Theatre.
1948: Welsh Folk Museum was opened at
1952: The last execution took place in Cardiff Prison. Mahmoud Mattan was hanged for murder, but his conviction was quashed in 1998.cite web |url= http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/mattan.htm |publisher= BBC |title= Mahmood Hussein Mattan |accessdate=2007-12-31]
1954: Cardiff Airport moved from Pengam Moors to its current home in
1958: The British Empire and Commonwealth Games opened at
Cardiff Arms Parkin Cardiff.
1959: The movie Tiger Bay was released. It was partly shot in Cardiff.
1963: The Rover car factory was opened.
1964: West Bute Dock closed with the last shipment of coal, just 229,000 tons, left the docks.cite web |url= http://www.glamro.gov.uk/check/Building%20of%20a%20Capital%202/A_Why.html|publisher= Glamorgan Record Office |title= Why did Cardiff grow?|accessdate=2007-12-31]
1966: The Heath Hospital was officially opened.cite web |url= http://www.caerdydd.ac.uk/insrv/libraries/scolar/special/milestones/1953-1980.html|publisher= Cardiff University |title= Timeline 1951-1980|accessdate=2007-12-31]
1972: The National Sports Centre in Sophia Gardens was opened.
South Glamorganwas established as part of the local government reorganisation. Cardiff lost the independent County Borough status it had since 1889.
S4C, the Welsh-language television channel was established.cite web |url=http://www.s4c.co.uk/sched/e_press_level2.shtml?id=134 |publisher= S4C |title= S4C unveils silver anniversary line-up|accessdate=2007-12-31]
BBC Cardiff Singer of the World competitionwas launched.cite web |url= http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/cardiffsinger/sites/content/pages/timeline.shtml|publisher= BBC |title= History of the Competition|accessdate=2007-12-31]
The regeneration of Cardiff Bay and the city
1988: The new County Hall was completed in Cardiff Bay.
2001: The Census showed that the population of 305,353 had reached its highest actual recorded figure. 2004: The
Wales Millennium Centrewas opened.
Senedd, the new debating chamber for the Welsh Assembly was opened. The official Office for National Statisticsestimate of Cardiff’s population was 317,500.cite web |url= http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/ObjView.asp?Object_ID=9648 |publisher= Cardiff Council|title= Latest Official Population Estimates for Cardiff|accessdate=2007-12-31]
Cardiff International Poolopened to the public at the International Sports Village in Cardiff Bay on 12 January, replacing the Empire Pool that was demolished in 1997 to make way for the Millennium Stadium.cite web |url= http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/south_east/7184798.stm|publisher= BBC|title= £32m Olympic pool opens its doors|accessdate=2008-01-14]
List of years in Wales
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