Exclusivism is the practice of being exclusive; mentality characterized by the disregard for opinions and ideas other than one's own, or the practice of organizing entities into groups by excluding those entities which possess certain traits (for an opposite example, see essentialism).

Religious exclusivism

Religious exclusivism asserts that one religion is true and that all others are in error.

It has two forms;

Absolute Exclusivism; Asserts that one religion is true and that all others are in error and one must be born into the religion to be a true adherent.

Relative Exclusivism; Asserts that one religion is true and that all others are in error therefore conversion is mandatory. Examples are Christianity and Islam.

Religious Exclusivism in Ancient Greece

The Decree of Diopithes 430 bce forbade the worship of and belief in Gods other than those of the Olympian pantheon recognised by the Athenian Polis. The introduction of other Gods was treated as asebeia or impiety and was punishable by death. The Philosophers Anaxagoras, Protagoras, Socrates, Stilpo, Theodorus of Cyrene, Aristotle, and Theophrastus were accused of impiety under this decree. Socrates was found guilty of the charge of introducing new Gods and condemned to death by drinking Hemlock.

Antiochus IV Epiphanes Selucid ruler of Israel born ca.215; died 164 bce. Antiochus decided to Hellenize the Jews by ordering the worship of Zeus, when they refused Antiochus sent an army to enforce his decree.

According to Herodotus the Caunians a Greek people who claimed to have originated in Crete and settled in Asia Minor worshipped the Olympian Gods exclusively. "They determined that they would no longer make use of the foreign temples which had been established among them, but would worship their own old ancestral Gods alone. Then their whole youth took arms, and striking the air with their spears, marched to the Calyndic frontier, declaring that they were driving out the foreign Gods."

Plato in his Laws advocates that the state should punish those who deny the existence of the Olympian Gods or believe that the Gods exist but think they are indifferent to mankind or can be easily bought by bribes.

Interpretatio graeca the common tendency of ancient Greek writers to identify foreign divinities with members of their own pantheon, can be seen as a kind of exclusivism. The Syncretism of the Hellenistic period whereby aspects of the cults of foreign Gods such as iconography and epithets, can also be seen as a kind of exclusivism.

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  • exclusivism — EXCLUSIVÍSM s.n. 1. Atitudinea celui care refuză să ia în consideraţie părerile sau ideile altora. 2. Caracterul a ceea ce este exclusiv. – Din fr. exclusivisme. Trimis de ionel bufu, 16.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  exclusivísm s. n. Trimis de siveco …   Dicționar Român

  • Exclusivism — Ex*clu siv*ism, n. The act or practice of excluding being exclusive; exclusiveness. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • exclusivism — noun Date: 1834 the practice of excluding or of being exclusive • exclusivist noun or adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • exclusivism — exclusivist, n. exclusivistic, adj. /ik sklooh seuh viz euhm, zeuh /, n. the practice of being exclusive. [1825 35; EXCLUSIVE + ISM] * * * …   Universalium

  • exclusivism — noun a) The practice of being exclusive. Mentality characterized by the disregard for opinions and ideas other than ones own. b) The doctrine that one religion is the only true religion, or that one religious sect is the only true version of a… …   Wiktionary

  • exclusivísm — s. n …   Romanian orthography

  • exclusivism — noun the action or policy of excluding a person from a place, group, or privilege. Derivatives exclusivist adjective &noun …   English new terms dictionary

  • exclusivism — ex·clu·siv·ism …   English syllables

  • exclusivism —  Эксклюзивизм …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • exclusivism — ex•clu•siv•ism [[t]ɪkˈsklu səˌvɪz əm, zə [/t]] n. the practice of being exclusive • Etymology: 1825–35 ex•clu′siv•ist, n. adj. ex•clu siv•is′tic, adj …   From formal English to slang

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