Fructuosus


Fructuosus

Infobox Saint
name=Saint Fructuosus of Tarragona
birth_date=unknown
death_date=259
feast_day=April 16 in the Roman Catholic Church and January 21 in the Church of England
venerated_in=Roman Catholic Church, Church of England


imagesize=200px
caption=Detail of a Romanesque mural of Saint Fructuosus at Bierge, Huesca
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titles=Bishop and Martyr
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Saint Fructuosus of Tarragona ( _ca. Sant Fructuós (died 259) was a bishop and Christian saint and martyr, the outstanding name in the early history of Christianity in Hispania. He was bishop of Tarragona and was arrested during the persecutions of Christians under the Roman Emperor Valerian (reigned 253 - 260). Along with him were two deacons, St. Augurius and St. Eulogius. In 259, he was questioned by the "praeses" Aemilianus and burned at the stake in the local amphitheatre in Tarragona. The "Acta" of the martyrdom of the bishop Fructuosus and his deacons Augurius and Eulogius document his legend; they are the earliest Hispanic "Acta", "marked by a realistic simplicity which contrasts very favourably with many of the Acta of Diocletian's persecution" (Wace).

Acta

The book documents the following details. St. Fructuosus, and his deacons were just going to bed when they were arrested. They were examined, at which point they affirmed their belief in the Christian God. They were then sentenced to be burnt. Officers were posted to prevent any sort of disturbance breaking out. They were not completely successful, though, and near the gate of the amphitheatre some of the Christians were able to get close to Fructuosus, and one of them asked him for his prayers. St. Fructuosus replied, in a voice loud enough for everyone to hear, "I am bound to bear in mind the whole universal Church from east to west." He then added some words of consolation and encouragement to the assembled. As the flames rose and enveloped the martyrs, they stretched out their arms, praying to their God until they died.

His "Acta" are referred to in a hymn by Prudentius and praised and extensively quoted by Augustine of Hippo. The historical list of the bishops of Tarragona, therefore, begins with Fructuosus.

St Fructuosus' feast day in the Roman Catholic Church is April 16 and January 21 in the Church of England.

References

*Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. "The Penguin Dictionary of Saints". 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06311b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "St. Fructuosus"]
* [http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/0121.htm Precis of the "Acts of Fructuosus"]
* [http://www.ccel.org/ccel/wace/biodict.v.vi.xxv.html Henry Wace, "A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature": "Fructuosus"]
* [http://www.deacons.net/Deacons_before_us/augurius.html "Sts. Fructuosus, Augurius and Eulogius— A Bishop and His Two Deacons, Martyrs"] : excerpts of Prudentius' hymn


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  • Fructuosus — († 21. Januar 259) war der erste namentlich bekannte Bischof des weströmischen Tarraco (heute Tarragona in Katalonien). Während der Christenverfolgung unter Valerian und Gallienus wurde Fructuosus gemeinsam mit seinen Diakonen Augurius und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fructuōsus — Fructuōsus, der heilige, aus dem Königsgeschlecht der Westgoten in Spanien, lebte lange als Einsiedler, wurde dann Bischof von Duma und später Erzbischof von Braga in Portugal und starb um 670. Er war eifriger Förderer des Klosterlebens… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • fructuosus — index profitable Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Fructuosus, S. (1) — 1S. Fructuosus, Ep. et Soc. MM. (21. Jan.) Der hl. Bischof und Martyrer Fructuosus von Tarragona in Spanien wurde nach seinen authentischen Acten unter den Kaisern Valerianus und Gallienus den 16. Jan. 259 sammt seinen Diakonen Augurius und… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Fructuosus, S. (3) — 3S. Fructuosus, Aëp. (16. April). Dieser hl., Fructuosus stammte aus königlichem Geschlechte, lernte aber früh die bleibenden Güter der Seele erkennen, und fühlte von Kindheit an einen starken Hang zur Einsamkeit. Der Tod seiner Eltern bot ihm… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Fructuosus, S. (4) — 4S. Fructuosus, (13. Nov.), ein Martyrer zu Antiochia mit mehreren Gefährten. S. S. Donatus101. Vgl. S. Donatus82, wo anstatt S. Fructuosus eine S. Fructuosa sich findet …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Fructuōsus, St. — St. Fructuōsus, 1) Bischof zu Tarragona, wo er 259 den Märtyrertod auf dem Scheiterhausen starb; sein Tag: 21. Jan.; 2) F. stammte aus königlichem Geschlechte in Spanien, studirte in Palencia, verkaufte dann seine Güter u. stiftete aus dem Erlös… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fructuosus, S. (2) — 2S. Fructuosus, (16. Febr.), ein Martyrer. S. S. Plesius. (II. 867.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Fructuosus (5) — 5Fructuosus, Ep. (10. Juni). Dieser Fructuosus soll von Papst Benedict I. zum Bischof von Gubio (Eugubinus) in Italien geweiht worden und um das J. 588 gestorben seyn. Ein Ort seiner Verehrung ist nicht bekannt. (II. 262.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Fructuosus of Braga, Saint — • Hermit, abbot, archbishop, d. around 665 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia


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