- Sharon Springs, New York
official_name = Sharon Springs, New York
settlement_type = Village
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Schoharie
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 4.7
area_land_km2 = 4.7
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 1.8
area_land_sq_mi = 1.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 547
population_density_km2 = 115.6
population_density_sq_mi = 299.5
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 336
elevation_ft = 1102
latd = 42 |latm = 47 |lats = 41 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 36 |longs = 57 |longEW = W
Sharon Springs, Kansasis its namesake, having been settled by people from New York.
The annual Garlic Festival is held in September.
The local springs were frequented by the aboriginal population of New York.
The early village was a subordinate community to other prominent settlements in the town, such as Beekmans Corners and Leesville.
Sharon Springs set itself apart from the Town of Sharon in
1871by incorporating as a village, and absorbed the neighboring community of Rockville during this process.
Thanks to its
sulfur, magnesium, and chalybeate mineral springs, Sharon Springs grew into a highly fashionable spa during the 19th Century. At its height, it was patronized by members of the Vanderbilt railroadfamily, Oscar Wilde(who gave a lecture at the now-demolished Pavilion Hotel on 11 August 1882), the social arbiter Ward McAllister, foreign diplomats such as the ambassadors of Chile, Portugal, Belgium, and Peru, and multimillionaire Cuban sugar planters such as Tomas Terry(the paternal grandfather of the French designer Emilio Terry).
The most famous of the springs in the village, then as now, was the so-called Gardner Spring, which was owned by the owner of the Pavilion Hotel. As reported in the New York Times on 30 August 1875, "So prodigious is the amount of sulfur-gas in the Gardner Spring that the waters of this creek are rendered as white as milk, and the stones are covered with a thick deposit. All the objects which have been thrown into the stream from above -- old shoes, tin pails, and other things of a similar nature -- become transmuted by the mineral. Some of them become a snowy white, and others are turned to a deep black. The green weeds that grow upon the sides and bottoms of such creeks are here perfectly white, and at first one can hardly tell their nature, but mistakes them for long films of the sulphur deposit."
According to an article published in
The New York Times(26 August 2000), Sharon Springs lost its fashionable Social Register set to the horse-racing attractions of Saratoga Springs. Wealthy Jewish families of German origin, who were unwelcome at Saratoga due to the prevailing social bias of the time, filled the void and "made Sharon Springs a refuge of their own." Eventually, these families moved on to other, more modern resorts, and the village began to fade economically. Other factors that exacerbated the village's early 20th century decline were Prohibition(which reduced the need for the local hop harvest) and the opening of the New York State Thruway(which routed traffic away from the area).
As the cited New York Times article went on to explain, "After World War II, Sharon Springs got a second wind from the West German government, which paid medical care reparations to
Holocaustsurvivors, holding that therapeutic spa vacations were a legitimate part of the medical package." In the summer of 1946, one of the busboys at the Spanish Colonial Revival style Adler Hotel was Edward I. Koch, the future mayor of New York City.
haron Springs rebirth
The village of Sharon Springs, after drifting gently (and not so gently at times) into an almost collective state of hopelessly rundown oblivion in the late 1980's, has enjoyed a resurgence of sorts in the last 15 years. Much of this has been attributed to both a stabilization of the architecturally significant remaining structures in the community (arson leveled many of the old abandoned hotels during the mid 20th Century) and an infusion of young, ambitious buyers from downstate New York looking for a cheaper means to start a living.
One of the watershed examples in the rebirth was the ground up restoration of The American Hotel which is prominently located on Main Street of the village. Purchased in a collapsing and abandoned condition in 1996 buyers Doug Plummer and Garth Roberts slowly began the rebuilding of this two-story structure into what became an award winning (for preservation) hotel and restaurant. Prior to The American Hotel, the former residents of New York City had operated a respected bakery on the edge of the village for two years.
Other structures in the same time period such as The Roseboro were acquired, stabilized, and made into a functioning source of commerce for the community. While never having been restored fully back to an operating hotel, the [http://www.roseboro.com/history.htm Roseboro Hotel] did afford shop space and around the 2000 operated as a functioning hotel and banquet space.
The boutique trade in bed and breakfast type inns has done particularly well for those properties situated to take advantage of the sweeping valley and rolling high geography of the community. In particular has been the magnificent although well aged Clausen Farm (c. 1892) with its Victorian manor house, stable complex and rare gentlemen's Casino which sports one of the earliest working private bowling alleys. The estate, erected by Henry Clausen a successful beer maker, serves today as an inn and remains today in the same family now in its fifth generation.
Grand but Uncertain Resort Plans
With a now growing if not thriving commercial district, there are great hopes with a recent multiple-business acquisition by a Korean-American investment group primarily-based in New York City. In late 2004, the group purchased the Adler Hotel, as well as the Columbia and Washington hotels. The Washington, which had partially collapsed, was later demolished. In addition the group purchased the functioning Imperial Baths which will serve as a key draw with their resort plans. All total the properties were acquired for $750,000 [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/05/nyregion/05sharon.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print&oref=slogin Sharon Springs Journal - Where Water Rejuvenates the Soul, Can It Do the Same for a New York Town? - NYTimes.com ] ] . The Baths operations were closed at the end of the 2005 season marking the first time since the early 1800s that the village did not have a mineral bath tourist trade .
The Adler Hotel on the northern edge of the village with its Spanish style architecture was the last great hotel built prior to the great depression. The five-story hotel opened in 1927, but closed after the 2004 summer season.
In April 2007 the Investment group ("Sharon Springs Inc.") held a press conference and outlined a $12 million plan to restore both the Imperial Baths and the Adler Hotel in an 18-month project and bring in a projected 700 visitors a day when they're completed. Harold Shin, project manager for Manhattan-based architectural firm DeArch LLC, described how the 150-room Adler would be restored, and how the Imperial Baths would include both traditional baths and modern spa facilities. [ [http://timesunion.com/ASPStories/Story.asp?storyID=580476&newsdate=4/20/2007&BCCode=MBTA Story not found - StoryID: 580476 - Times Union - Albany NY ] ] Those plans since 2007 have since expanded into "a possible $350 million plan to erect two 11-story hotels — including one with a helipad — a golf course, condominiums and a spa with a bathhouse and a day care center."
That plan would require the recreation of the once highly scenic 18-hole golf course, the property of which is closely held by a village resident, which overlooked the sprawling Mohawk Valley.
Construction, renovation and restoration of those properties were planned to start in earnest in 2008 according to the principle partner, Q Sung Cho. However with the expandion of the project no such work commenced as of June 2008 and the timeline for completion would be, once begun, between five to seven years.
New York State Grant
January 15, 2008 it was announced that under New York State's $100 million Restore NY program, $500,000 was being allocated to Sharon Springs. The money is intended for the Spa/Bath International Resort and Pavilion Cottages. [ [http://timesunion.com/AspStories/story.asp?storyID=655325&category=&BCCode=&newsdate=1/15/2008 State grant to aid Sharon Springs - Page 1 - Times Union - Albany NY ] ]
This project will preserve and rehabilitate the last remaining portion of the historic Pavilion Hotel (Cottages), one the mineral spring resorts in this area during the 19th Century. The Cottages are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, as part of the Sharon Springs Historic District. The Cottages will be converted to market-rate condominiums.
Sharon Springs is located at coor dms|42|47|41|N|74|36|57|W|city (42.794783, -74.615946).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km²), all of it land.
Sharon Springs is located on
New York State Route 10(Main Street) immediately north of US Route 20. Bowmaker Pond and Clausen Pond are two small lakes south of the village.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 547 people, 204 households, and 130 families residing in the village. The population densitywas 299.5 people per square mile (115.4/km²). There were 270 housing units at an average density of 147.8/sq mi (57.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.62% White, 0.73% African American, 0.18% Native American, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.83% of the population.
There were 204 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the village the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $37,969, and the median income for a family was $45,000. Males had a median income of $36,563 versus $28,125 for females. The
per capita incomefor the village was $24,664. About 8.5% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
* [http://kingstonlounge.blogspot.com/2008/08/hotel-adler-sharon-springs-ny.html Recent photographs of the Hotel Adler]
* [http://www.schohariecounty-ny.gov/CountyWebSite/villsha/index.jsp Village of Sharon Springs, NY]
* [http://www.sharonsprings.com Sharon Springs Information]
* [http://www.sharonspringschamber.com Sharon Springs Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.reu.com/clausen/ Clausen Farms]
* [http://timesunion.com/ASPStories/Story.asp?storyID=580476&newsdate=4/20/2007&BCCode=MBTA Albany Times Union April 13, 2007 "Sowing seeds to help village bloom"]
* [http://www.americanhotelny.com/ny_times.html New York Times July 23, 2001 "A Faded Resort Lumbers to Life"]
* [http://www.roseboro.com/NYTimes800.htm New York Times August 26, 2000 "Fragile Recovery for Village of Spas"]
* [http://timesunion.com/AspStories/story.asp?storyID=655325&category=&BCCode=&newsdate=1/15/2008 Albany Times-Union January 15, 2008 "State grant to aid Sharon Springs"]
* [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/05/nyregion/05sharon.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print&oref=slogin New York Times June 5, 2008 "Like the Water, Grand Plans Buoy Spirits at a Vacation Spot From a Bygone Era"]
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