- Macclesfield, Bollington and Marple Railway
The Macclesfield, Bollington and Marple Railway (MB&MR) was a railway line, 16 km long, linking
Macclesfieldwith Marplein east Cheshire, England, opened in 1869 by the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway(MS&LR) and the North Staffordshire Railway(NSR), as a part of an alternative link between Manchesterand places south of Macclesfield. The line closed in 1970 and its route is now a trail used by walkers, cyclists and horse riders.
In 1840s and 1850s NSR was trying to find a route from Macclesfield to Manchester independent of
London and North Western Railway(L&NWR), which insisted on any NSR's traffic going via Crewe, thus ensuring a higher L&NWR mileage and charges.
In 1863 a Macclesfield businessman, Thomas Oliver, promoted a scheme for a local line from Macclesfield via
Bollingtonto Marple where it would connect with MS&LR. The line was hoped to revive Bollington's cotton industry, carry the stone from quarries in Kerridge, and serve the collieries around Poynton.
The MS&LR seized on this scheme, seeing in the line another outlet for the start of a possible independent extension to London. The line was authorised in 1864, with the MS&LR and NSR empowered to subscribe £80,000 each for its construction, and to operate and maintain it when open.The L&NWR, surprised by the success of the MB&MR, came to an amicable traffic agreement with the NSR thus the original purpose and urgency of the line, the NSR's independent route to Manchester, was lost.In these circumstances, and in the general trade depression of the mid-1860s, the construction was very slow. The single-track line opened on 2 August 1869 for passengers only, goods traffic started on 1 March 1870 and in 1871 the line was doubled throughout.
Initailly there were five stations on the line: Marple (Rose Hill), High Lane, Higher Poynton, Bollington and Macclesfield. In 1879 a new station was opened at Middlewood (later renamed Middlewood Higher Station) and remained in use until 1960.
In the 1960s, the services on the ex-MB&MR line (in 1948 absorbed by the
London Midland Regionof British Railways) were heavy loss-makers. The line was closed beyond Rose Hill on 5 January 1970and the track was lifted early the following year. The stations at Higher Poynton and Bollington were demolished at around the same time. High Lane Station remained derelict for seven years after closure, until demolished in 1977.
The trackbed was turned into a "linear park" between Macclesfield and Rose Hill Marple, officially opened on 30 May 1985. The platforms of Higher Poynton station are still extant and have been turned into a picnic site on the Middlewood Way trail. The Bollington station goods yard is now the site of the Clough Bank industrial estate.
* [http://www.thesectionalappendix.co.uk/MIDTMCEN18.html British Rail in 1960, Macclesfield to Marple]
* [http://www.marple-uk.com/railways/ Railways of Marple and District From 1794]
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