- Saratoga Springs, New York
name = Saratoga Springs
official_name = City of Saratoga Springs
settlement_type = City
nickname = The Spa City
motto = Health, History, Horses
imagesize = 200px
image_caption = Downtown Saratoga Springs
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Saratoga
leader_name = Scott Johnson (R)
leader_title 2 =
Commissioner of Public Safety
leader_name 2 =
established_title = First settled
established_date = ca. 1776
established_title1 = Incorporated (town)
established_date1 = 1819
established_title2 = Incorporated (village)
established_date2 = 1826
established_title3 = Incorporated (city)
established_date3 = 1915
area_total_km2 = 75.2
area_total_sq_mi = 29.0
area_land_km2 = 73.6
area_land_sq_mi = 28.4
area_water_km2 = 1.6
area_water_sq_mi = 0.6
area_water_percent = 2.17
area_urban_km2 = 95.57
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes = [http://www.census.gov/geo/www/ua/ua2k.txt US Census Bureau List of urbanized Areas] ]
area_urban_sq_mi = 36.89
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 26186
population_density_km2 = 355.6
population_density_sq_mi = 921.1
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 43 |latm = 4 |lats = 31 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 46 |longs = 57 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 91.4
elevation_ft = 300
website = http://www.saratoga-springs.org
postal_code = 12866
area_code = 518
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 36-65255
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0964489
twin1 = Chekhov
twin1_country = flag|Russia
Saratoga Springs is a
cityin Saratoga County, New York, USA. The population was 26,186 at the 2000 census. The name reflects the presence of mineral springs in the area. While the word "Saratoga" is known to be a corruption of a Native American place name, authorities [cite news | first =Willys | last =Peck | title =A Floating Scum Partisan Reveals Himself | url =http://www.svcn.com/archives/saratoganews/04.29.98/SaratogaStereopticon.html | format =HTML | publisher =Silicon Valley Community Newspapers |date=1998-04-29 | accessdate =2007-03-20 ] disagree on what the exact word was, and hence what it meant.
The City of Saratoga Springs is near the center ofSaratoga County in
upstate New York.
The Saratoga Springs charter specifies a "commission" form of city government. Recent efforts to amend the charter to consolidate responsibilities with the mayor have as yet been unsuccessful.
* Mayor - Scott Johnson
* Commissioner of Public Safety - Ron Kim
* Commissioner of Public Works - Anthony "Skip" Scirocco
* Commissioner of Accounts - John Franck
* Commissioner of Finance - Ken Ivins
* Saratoga County Board of Supervisors - Joanne Yepsen, Matthew Veitch
According to historical accounts,
Sir William Johnson, British soldier and a hero of the French and Indian Wars, was brought to what would become the city by native friends in 1767 to treat war wounds at a spring thought to have medicinal properties. The spring is now known as High Rock Spring, and may be visited today.
The first permanent settler arrived around 1776, and a tourist trade swiftly grew, with hotels being constructed by such Revolutionary War luminaries as Gideon Putnam. Saratoga Springs was established as a town in 1819 from a western portion of the Town of Saratoga. Its principal community was incorporated as a village in 1826 and the entire region became a city in 1915.
In the 19th century, the community became famous as a spa that saw many hotels built, including the colossal Grand Union Hotel that was in its day, the largest hotel in the world. [http://www.gutenberg.org/files/17633/17633-h/17633-h.htm]
Battle of Saratoga, the turning point of the Revolutionary War, did not take place in Saratoga Springs. Rather, the [http://www.nps.gov/sara/ battlefield] is 15 miles (24 km) to the southeast in the town of Stillwater.
Saratoga Springs is located at coor dms|43|4|31|N|73|46|57|W|city (43.075337, -73.782422)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.1 square miles (75.3 km²), of which, 28.4 square miles (73.6 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²) of it (2.17%) is water.
The Adirondack Northway (
Interstate 87) and US Route 9 pass alongside and through the city. New York State Route 29, New York State Route 50, New York State Route 9N, and New York State Route 9Plead into Saratoaga Springs.
Saratoga Lake is southeast of the city.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 26,186 people, 10,784 households, and 5,985 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 921.1 people per square mile (355.6/km²). There were 11,584 housing units at an average density of 407.5/sq mi (157.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.53% White, 3.11% African American, 0.24% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.
There were 10,784 households out of which 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.5% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the city the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 15.5% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $45,130, and the median income for a family was $59,281. Males had a median income of $39,573 versus $29,439 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $26,250. About 5.5% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
Additional facts about Saratoga Springs
The city is perhaps most famous for the
Saratoga Race Coursewhich opened on August 3, 1863. Founded by John Hunter and William R. Travers, it is the oldest continuously-operating Thoroughbredtrack in the United States. The track holds a summer meet lasting approximately six weeks, from late July to Labor Day, every day but Tuesdays. The track season sees a dramatic influx of people into the city. Hotels fill to capacity, and many Saratogians rent out their homes.
Also located in the city is the
Saratoga Gaming and Raceway, a harness (Standardbred) racetrack that includes a video gaming facility, the Racino.
When the city was young in the 1800's people would come to Saratoga not only for the racing but also for the springs. The natural mineral springs were believed to have healing powers and people would come from all over to drink or bathe in the waters. The Lincoln Baths was one such place people would go to be treated with the waters. The bath house has since been transformed into an office building, but still exists and can be visited to this day. The spa treatments also are being continued in a new bath house in the Spa State Park called the Roosevelt Baths. Springs can be found all over town. Most of the springs are marked by a small covered pavilion with the name of the spring across the top for all to see. Some however are just a spigot in a rock where the water flows out. Many of the springs are famous for their distinct taste. Some taste of regular water and some taste strongly of a certain mineral such as sulfur. Some people even bottle the spring water to take home. The springs give the town character and a history that is very unique.
List of the Springs:
Big Red Spring, Charlie Spring,Columbian Springs, Congress Spring,Deer Park Spring, Empire Spring, Geyser Island Spouter, Geyser Spring, Governor Spring,Hathorn #1, Hathorn #3,Hayes Well Spring, High Rock Spring, Old Iron Spring,Old Red Spring, Orenda Spring and Tufa Deposits,Patterson SpringsPeerless Spring,Polaris Spring, andState Seal
Saratoga Performing Arts Center(known by its acronym "SPAC," rhymes with "track") is a covered outdoor amphitheater located on the grounds of the Saratoga Spa State Park, with a capacity of 5,000 in reserved seating and 20,000+ on its general admission lawn area. SPAC is the summer home of the Philadelphia Orchestraand the New York City Ballet, and has hosted a weekend-long jazz festival for several decades. 2007 marks the second year of the annual Saratoga Native American Festival held on the grounds of SPAC. It is a stop for touring national recording artists: over 20 popular bands grace the stage every summer. Steps away on State Park grounds, the Spa Little Theaterhosts the Homemade Theater as well as the geographically-misdescriptive Lake George Opera Festivalduring the summer.
There are several
museums in the area, including the National Museum of Dance and Hall of Fame, and the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. There are more than 20 golf courses.
The city is also notable for its vibrant night life.
Caffè Lenawas one of the first venues in the Eastern US at which Bob Dylanperformed, in 1961. Arlo Guthrieplayed the Caffè early in his career and has returned for occasional benefit concerts. Singer Don McLeanis said to have composed his "American Pie" sitting at a table in the Tin & Lint, a bar on Caroline Street. A plaque marks the table today. Numerous other establishments exist on Broadway, Caroline Street, and the redeveloped Putnam Street.
Recently, Beekman Street (four blocks west of Broadway) has become an art district, housing four galleries, a restaurant, a pub and teahouse, and a bistro. Artists live and work in co-ops and arrange social events. While many congratulate themselves on "revitalizing" a "deteriorating" area, others consider such declarations an insult to the generations of Saratogians of marginalized ethnicities that toiled in support the tourism economy of the city, and were traditionally segregated to this once-remote quarter.
Skidmore Collegeis located in the north of the city. During the summer, Skidmore is one of several hosts for the Johns Hopkins' [http://www.realcty.org/index.php/Site:Saratoga_Springs CTY program] .
Saratoga Springs is also home to
Yaddo, a convert|400|acre|km2 sqmi|2|adj=on artists' community, founded by the great Wall Street financier, Spencer Traskand his wife, the author Katrina Trask. Since its inception in 1900, Yaddo has been home to 60 Pulitzer Prizewinning authors and one Nobel Prizewinner. Sylvia Plath, Truman Capote, and David Sedarishave all been artists-in-residence. The Yaddo grounds are adjacent to the backstretch of the Saratoga Race Course.
It is believed that
potato chipswere invented in Saratoga Springs, by Native American/African American chef George Crum, at Moon's Lake House on August 24, 1853. Walt Disney World Resorthas a theme resort called Disney's Saratoga Springs Resort & Spa, inspired by this city.
Saratoga Springs was noted in
The Hipster Handbookas one of the "college towns" where hipsters often dwell.
David Hyde Pierce, 1977 Saratoga Springs Senior High School graduate and winner of the Yaddo Medal
Scott Valentine, grew up in Saratoga Springs
Charles Brackett, Hollywood screenwriter and producer
Dave Cummings, Adult Hall of Fame Performer, grew up in Saratoga Springs
Kathleen Kauth, hockey player; 2006 Olympic bronze medalist; currently plays for the NWHL's Brampton Thunder
Bill Parcells, retired football coach; owns a summer/retirement home overlooking a local golf course [cite news | first =Shawn | last =Humphries | title =How Bill Parcells Made Big Gains | url =http://www.golfonline.com/golfonline/instruction/features/article/0,,1104220,00.html | format =HTML | publisher =Golf Online |date=2005-10-14 | accessdate =2007-02-14 ]
Dottie Pepper, golfer
Jerry Bailey, retired jockey
Giana Roberge, professional cyclist; 2004 Master's World Time-Trial Champion; former owner of Paradox Bicycle Center on Church St.; Skidmore graduate
Anthony Weaver, football player; defensive end with the Houston Texans, 1998 Saratoga Springs Senior High School graduate
Nick Zito, thoroughbred horse trainer
Tim Stauffer, Major League Baseball pitcher in the San Diego Padressystem; attended Saratoga Central Catholic High School.
Trey Anastasio, Guitarist and Vocalist for the band Phish
Dorian Crozier, drummer who has sat in with Five for Fightingand The Rembrandts; 1989 Saratoga Springs Senior High School graduate
Figgs, a band formed in 1987 by Mike Gent, Pete Donnelly, and Guy Lyons, 1989 and 1990 Saratoga Springs Senior High School graduates
Dave Luetkenhoelter, bass player for Kutless; lived in Saratoga Springs for a short time during high school
Sarah Pedinotti, young jazz singer with albums critically acclaimed by Billboard Magazine
Utah Phillips, while not a native, began his career as a professional musician while living in Saratoga
Scott Underwood, drummer for and member of Train; 1990 Saratoga Springs Senior High School graduate
"Other Notable People"
Justin Michael Jenkins, Artist, designer for Susan Polgar; 1989 Saratoga Springs Senior High School Graduate
James Howard Kunstler, writer and social critic
*Steven Millhauser, writer, winner of 1997 Pulitzer Prize.
Solomon Northup, prominent abolitionist and author of " Twelve Years a Slave"; born a free man but kidnapped into slavery, eventually regaining freedom in 1853
Jane Roberts, author, psychic and trance medium or spirit medium.
Nick Steele, noted fashion stylist; has worked with Beyoncé, Katie Couric and many others; grew up in Saratoga and his family still resides there
Marylou Whitney, socialite; maintains a home at Cady Hill
George Crum, inventor of the potato chip; a Native American/African American chef at Moon's Lake House
Charles F. Dowd, one of the inventors of Standard Time that is in use today
Ransom Cook, inventor of the Cook Auger, or "Beetle Bit"
The closest scheduled air service is available at Albany International Airport (ALB). There is also a general aviation facility, Saratoga County Airport (5B2), located west of city limits in the Town of Milton.
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Saratoga Springs, operating its Adirondack daily in both directions between Montrealand New York Cityand Ethan Allen Expressdaily in both directions between Rutland, Vermont and New York City. The local station was built in 1956, but dramatically rehabilitated in 2004. The 6,400 square footpassenger area contains a coffeeshop/newsstand, murals, an automated teller machine, a visitors information kiosk, outside patio area and benches, and a children’s play area. The station serves about 23,000 passengers every year. Greyhound Bus Linesalso serves the city frequently, sending buses every few hours towards Albany or Montreal. Its station is the Saratoga Diner on South Broadway, distinguished by a fiberglass statue of a young horse mounted on the roof of the building. The bus station is also served by the Capital District Transportation Authority. CDTA also provides service from Schenectady via Route 50 daily, and weekday service to Albany via the Northway Express line. [ Capital District Transportation Authority#Saratoga Service]
Long-distance motorists generally reach Saratoga via I-87, which north of Albany is known as the
Adirondack Northway. Three exits access the city. Exit 13-S is optimal for reaching Saratoga Lake, and 13-N for SPAC, and the southern and western quadrants of the city. Visitors to the racetrack use Exit 14, which is also arguably best for reaching downtown. Exit 15 serves Skidmore Collegeand the shopping malls just north of city limits.
aratoga Springs in popular culture
*Saratoga Springs has been the scene where a number of motion pictures were either filmed or were the setting thereof:
**"Saratoga" (1937) — Also notable for being leading lady
Jean Harlow's last film; Harlow collapsed on set during filming and died. Racing scenes were filmed at the Saratoga Race Course. [cite web |url=http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0029516/ |title=Saratoga (1937) |accessdate=2007-04-01 |format=HTML |publisher= Internet Movie Database]
Saratoga Trunk" (1945)
**"Ghost Story" (1981) — The houses on North Broadway were used as homes in this film.cite web |url=https://www.saratoga.org/planner/Tours/MagicalMovie.pdf |title=Magical Movie Tour |accessdate=2007-04-01 |format=PDF |publisher=Saratoga County Chamber of Commerce]
**"Billy Bathgate" (1991) — The
Nicole Kidmandancing scene was shot at the Hall of Springs.
The Horse Whisperer" (1998) — Special effects for the horse and rider accident were shot at the southern end of Saratoga Spa State Park. Also, a room at the Gideon Putnam Hotelwas made into a shoddier motel room.
**"Seabiscuit" (2003) — Racing scenes shot at the Saratoga Race Course in November 2002. The front and inside of the Canfield Casino in Congress Park doubled as the interior of the
Maryland Jockey Club.
*In the pilot episode of the 1960s sitcom "
Green Acres", it was noted that Eddie Albert's character of Oliver Wendell Douglas was born in Saratoga Springs.
*The 1971 song American Pie by Don McLean was written in Saratoga Springs.
*In the 1972
Carly Simonsong " You're So Vain" the singer references horseracing in Saratoga Springs: "Well, I hear you went up to Saratoga, and your horse naturally won...."
*Saratoga Springs was the setting for a radio soap opera by the same name, created by
ZBSand written by Meatball Fulton. The 1989 series was produced as 90 four-minute daily episodes for National Public Radio. The story incorporates Saratoga Springs historical facts and utilizes local actors as well as ZBS regulars. Lena Spencer of Caffe Lenais listed as playing herself. A "Best of Saratoga Springs" compilation (c. 2004) can be purchased from ZBS (www.zbs.org). During spring and early summer, 2007, the original four-minute episodes were podcast by ZBS.
Chekhov, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Waveland, Mississippi– In the spring of 2006, Saratoga Springs decided to help out the people of Waveland in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. [cite news | first =Christopher | last =Diakopoulos | title =City looks to get new sister | url =http://www.saratogian.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=16541952&BRD=1169&PAG=461&dept_id=17708&rfi=6 | format =HTML | publisher =The Saratogian |date=2006-04-27 | accessdate =2006-09-07 ]
Saratoga Performing Arts Center
List of Mayors of Saratoga Springs, New York
Disney's Saratoga Springs Resort & Spa, a Disney resort inspired and designed like this city
Saratoga County inventions
Marcia White, Executive Director of SPAC
* [http://www.saratoga.org The Ultimate Guide to Saratoga County and Saratoga Springs, NY] — Official site
* [http://www.saratogaracetrack.com Guide to Saratoga Racetrack]
* [http://www.saratoga-springs.org City of Saratoga Springs] — Official site
* [http://www.brooksidemuseum.org Saratoga County Historical Society: Brookside]
* [http://www.historyofsaratoga.com Saratoga County History] Geographic Location (8-way)
Centre = Saratoga Springs
North =Glens Falls
Northeast =Fort Edward
South =Malta, Clifton Park, Albany
Southwest =Schenectady, Ballston Spa
West =Gloversville, Johnstown
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