Dubăsari


Dubăsari
Dubăsari
Dubăsari is located in Moldova
Dubăsari
Location within Moldova
Coordinates: 47°16′N 29°10′E / 47.267°N 29.167°E / 47.267; 29.167Coordinates: 47°16′N 29°10′E / 47.267°N 29.167°E / 47.267; 29.167
Country  Moldova
County Transnistria
Population (2004)
 – Total 28,500
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.dubossary.ru/

Dubăsari (Romanian; Russian: Дубоссары, Ukrainian: Дубоссари, sometimes Dubossary in English) is a city in Transnistria, with a population of 23,650. The city is under the administration of the breakaway government of the "Transnistrian Moldovan Republic", and functions as the seat of the Dubăsari sub-district, Transnistria, Moldova.

Contents

Name

The origin of the town name is the plural form of the Romanian archaic word dubăsar ("boatman"), a derivative of dubă ("a small wooden boat"), so "Dubăsari" means "boatmen".

History

Dubăsari is the site of one of the oldest settlements in Moldova, and the Transnistrian region. Stone age artifacts have been found in the area, and there are several kurgans (presumed Scythian) around the city. First mentions of modern Dubăsari date to the beginning of the 16th century, as a fair populated by Moldavian peasants. The settlement became part of the Russian Empire in 1792, and was granted city status in 1795.

In 1924-1940, Dubăsari was part of the Soviet-created Moldavian ASSR. The town was heavily industrialized during the pre-WWII period. In the course of World War II, in 1940, when Bessarabia was occupied by the Soviet Union, it became part of the newly created Moldavian SSR. On 27 June 1941, the town was occupied by German and Romanian troops. It was re-captured by Soviet forces in the summer of 1944.

In 1951-1954, the Dubăsari dam, and a 48 MW hydroelectric power plant Dubossarskaya GES was constructed, and Dubăsari Reservoir was formed.

Dubăsari and its suburbs were the site of major conflict during 1990-1992, that eventually degenerated in the War of Transnistria (1992). Since then, it has been controlled by the breakaway administration of Transnistria.

The city's economy was significantly damaged during the war in 1992.

Population

Наша ГЭС.JPG

In 1989, the population of the city was 35,806, including 15,414 Moldovans (Romanians), 10,718 Ukrainians, 8,087 Russians, and 1,587 others. According to the 2004 Census in Transnistria, the city had 23,650 inhabitants,[1] including 8,954 Moldovans (Romanians), 8,062 Ukrainians, 5,891 Russians, 153 Belarussians, 104 Bulgarians, 90 Armenians, 49 Poles, 66 Gagauzians, 46 Jews, 39 Germans, 31 Gypsies, and 165 others and non-declared.

Notable natives

  • Vasile Iovv, Moldovan communist politician, adjunct of the prime minister of the Republic of Moldova[2]
  • Vlad Grecu, a Moldovan writer

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dubăsari — (Rumänisch; Дубоссары, Дубоссари, manchmal Dubossary in Englisch) ist eine Bezirksstadt in Transnistrien, gehört aber völkerrechtlich zur Republik Moldau. Dubăsari ist mit 23.650 Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2004) nach Tiraspol, Bender (Moldawien)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Dubasari — Original name in latin Dubsari Name in other language Dubasari, Dubehsar , Dubosari, Dubossary, Dubsari, dubeosali, Дубоссары, Дубэсарь State code MD Continent/City Europe/Chisinau longitude 47.26306 latitude 29.16083 altitude 33 Population 23254 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Dubăsari — Sp Dubesãris Ap Dubăsari L Moldavija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Dubasari — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Dubăsari Country and Admin Code MD.72 MD …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Dubăsari — Dubossary …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Dubăsari hydroelectric power plant — Dubăsari Dam …   Wikipedia

  • Dubăsari District — This article is about the district in Moldova. For the subdistrict in the separatist region of Transnistria, see Dubăsari sub district, Transnistria. Dubăsari   District (Raion)   …   Wikipedia

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  • Dubăsari Reservoir — Rezervuarul Dubăsari (Dubăsari reservoir), or Lacul Dubăsari (Dubăsari Lake) is a reservoir on the river Dniester, created in 1954 by the construction of the Dubăsari Dam (and power plant) in Transnistria, Moldova. It is located north of the city …   Wikipedia