- Nyack, New York
Nyack — Village — Nickname(s): Nyack Motto: Your Gem on the Hudson Orangetown and Clarkstown, in Rockland County, New York. Coordinates: Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Rockland Area – Total 1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2) – Land 0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2) – Water 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2) Elevation 72 ft (22 m) Population (2000) – Total 7,071 – Density 8,749.1/sq mi (3,378.0/km2) Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5) – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) ZIP code 10960 Area code(s) 845 FIPS code 36-54100 GNIS feature ID 0959074 Website www.nyack-ny.gov
Nyack ( //) is a village in the towns of Orangetown and Clarkstown in Rockland County, New York, United States, located north of South Nyack; east of Central Nyack; south of Upper Nyack and west of the Hudson River, approximately 19 miles north of the Manhattan boundary, it is an inner suburb of New York City, directly across from Tarrytown. Tarrytown and Nyack are on either bank of the largest expanse of the Tappan Zee, in the lower Hudson Valley. Nyack had a population of 6,737 as of the 2000 census.
Administration and layout
Nyack is one of five villages and hamlets (Nyack, Central Nyack, South Nyack, Upper Nyack and West Nyack) that make up an area of southeastern Rockland County called The Nyacks. Named after the Native Americans who resided there before colonization, the village itself lies on the hilly terrain that meets the western shore of the Hudson River.
The village takes up approximately 1.6 square miles (4.1 square kilometers), with over 50% of the area consisting of the water of the Hudson River. Nyack consists mostly of low-rise buildings that lie along the river's western shore. It is in the Nyack School District.
Stone Native American relics and heaps of oyster shells found along the shore of the Hudson indicate that this was a favorite fishing spot of the natives. In 1675, the first Europeans settled in Rockland County at Nyack. Three major industries once thrived here: sandstone quarrying for New York City building (ca. 1800–40); boat building—sloops, steamboats, then pleasure craft and World War I and II submarine chasers (ca. 1815–1948); and shoe manufacturing (ca. 1828–1900).
Following the extension of the Northern Railroad of New Jersey into the community in the mid-19th century, rapid growth ensued. Because town government was no longer seen as an effective way to deal with the community's needs, village incorporation was discussed. Fearing higher taxes, those in what would have become the northern part of Nyack village formed their own municipal corporation first, named Upper Nyack. Nyack village was incorporated, although without this northern portion. Residents in the southern part of Nyack village, however, soon became dissatisfied with the notion of paying taxes that more heavily benefited the rest of the village. After succeeding in dissolving Nyack's corporation, the southern portion of the former village incorporated as the village of South Nyack. The area between Upper Nyack and South Nyack was reincorporated thereafter, again as Nyack.
Throughout the 18th century and 19th centuries, Nyack was known for its shipbuilding and was the commercial center of Rockland County. In the 19th century, a number of factories manufactured shoes. The West Shore Railroad connected the village with Weehawken, New Jersey, where ferries took passengers to New York City, until it was discontinued in the second half of the 20th century. With the completion of the Tappan Zee Bridge in December 1955, connecting Nyack with Tarrytown in Westchester County, the population increased and Nyack's commercial sector expanded.
In the 1980s, the village underwent a major urban revitalization project to commercialize the downtown area and to expand its economy. The Helen Hayes Theatre was built and the downtown area became home to many new business establishments.
In 1991 the landmark court case Stambovsky v. Ackley ruled that a house at 1 LaVeta Place on the Hudson River was legally haunted and that the owner (but not the real estate agent) was required to disclose that to prospective buyers. The owner, Helen Ackley, earlier had organized haunted house tours and was party to an article about it in Readers Digest. After Ackley sold the house to another buyer there were no recent reports of hauntings.
On August 10 Highland Hose Company No. 5, a two-story brick firehouse located at 288 Main St celebrated 100 years at the firehouse. The firehouse was built in 1910 – fifteen years after Highland Hose was founded. The company's 1949 Ahrens-Fox fire engine was polished to bright, gleaming red and is still in use after more than 50 years.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (51.88%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,737 people, 3,188 households, and 1,511 families residing in the village. The population density was 8,749.1 people per square mile (3,378.1/km²). There were 3,288 housing units at an average density of 4,270.0 per square mile (1,648.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 63.81% White, 26.33% African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.66% from other races, and 4.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.56% of the population.
There were 3,188 households out of which 20.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.0% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 52.6% were non-families. 42.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the village the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 36.2% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $54,890, and the median income for a family was $69,146. Males had a median income of $50,043 versus $35,202 for females. The per capita income for the village was $32,699. About 2.2% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
Landmarks and places of interest
- Edward Hopper House Art Center – 82 North Broadway – This home of the realist painter Edward Hopper was built in 1858. One room is devoted to materials about Hopper’s work and life in Nyack. Three other rooms provide space for monthly exhibits by local artists. The restored garden is the setting for jazz concerts on summer evenings. (NRHP)
- First Methodist Episcopal Church of Nyack 1812–1813 (NRHP)
- John Green House – Main Street – Built in 1817 by John Green of local sandstone, now covered with stucco, painted yellow. This is the oldest house standing in Nyack. Green started the first lumber yard in Nyack and later opened a store. House is a private residence.
- Memorial Park, a short walk from downtown, has a children's playground and a beautiful butterfly garden. Canoes and kayaks can be launched from the shores of the park into the Hudson River. Memorial Park hosts many special events including weekly music concerts in the summer, numerous festivals and even outdoor movies.
- Nyack Library – 59 South Broadway, the 1903 Carnegie Library building.
- Nyack Post Office – The 1932 in the Classical Revival architectural style built post office is a rare example of an American post office constructed between the wars in that style. The post office is located on South Broadway in the center of the village. It serves the 10960 ZIP Code, which covers South Nyack and Upper Nyack in addition to the village and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. (NRHP)
- Nyack-Tarrytown Ferry – Foot of Main Street – Begun 1834 by Isaac S Blauvelt on vessel named "Donkey," an anglo corruption of Dutch "donk ya," or 'thank you." Ferry remained in service until the opening of Tappan Zee Bridge in the 1950s. This spot was also the start of the Nyack Turnpike, first direct highway across Rockland County.
- Oak Hill Cemetery – 140 N. Highland Avenue (Rte. 9W) – since 1840. Dedicated on June 27, 1848, it reflected a change from small family and religious burial grounds to community cemeteries. Graves include founders of Nyack, playwright Charles MacArthur and his wife, actress Helen Hayes, scientist and inventor William Hand, and artist Edward Hopper.
- Red Cross Center – 143 North Broadway, A cross gable Queen Anne building, it was built by Julia and Garret Blauvelt, a physician, surgeon and director of Nyack Hospital, in 1882 and given to the Red Cross in 1915. During World War I, World War II and the Korean War, the center was a hub for food and blood drives, gathering of clothes and supplies for shipment overseas. Helen Hayes, who lived nearby was chairwomen of the war fund drive during WWII. Camp Shanks, one of the military's major wartime staging areas, rely heavily on the Red Cross volunteers and services. Today the center continues to provide clothing, food and shelter in times necessity and emergencies. The center also provides certification courses in first aid & lifesaving skills since 9/11.
- River Rowing Association (RRA) – In 1881, Julian O. Davidson, a local artist and marine painter, founded the Nyack Rowing Association (NRA), which dedicated to the sport of sculling (two-oared rowing). The grand boat house, built in 1882 was design by William Smith and built in the "Stick Style" architecture found in many river homes in the village.
- Riverspace Arts in Nyack – 119 Main Street. Home of the Rockland Symphony Orchestra
- St. Paul's United Methodist Church – A Romanesque church built in 1894. (NRHP)
- Tappan Zee Playhouse – 20 South Broadway – (NRHP) It was demolished in April 2004.
- First Milestone from Nyack, Route 59 near Mountainview Avenue
- Couch Court, 46 South Broadway
- Edward Hopper House Art Center, 82 North Broadway
- First Reformed Church, 18 South Broadway
- Historic Underground Railroad, 298 Main Street
- Historic Underground Railroad, 176 Main Street
- Memorial Park, Piermont and DePew Avenues
- Liberty Street School, Cornerstone Placement, Depew Avenue near Liberty Street
- Nyack First Settlement, 17 South Broadway
- Nyack Library, 59 South Broadway
- Oak Hill Cemetery, 140 North Highland Avenue
- Camp Ramah Day Camp in Nyack is located in Nyack.
- Helen Hayes Youth Theater- A theater program for students aged 4–17
Nyack Public Schools serves Nyack. Nyack High School, near Nyack, serves Nyack. Nyack is also home to Nyack College, a Christian liberal arts college and one of the four colleges in the United States affiliated with the Christian and Missionary Alliance church.
- ^ "Nyack to be Incorporated: A majority of citizens vote for the project." (PDF). The New York Times. February 28, 1883. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9F05EFDC1631E433A2575BC2A9649C94629FD7CF. Retrieved June 18, 2009.
- ^ Phones Ringing (Eerily?) For Nyack Spook Home – New York Times – March 20, 1990
- ^ Ghost of Nyack – Ghost Update – Kavanagh webpages -comcast.com – Retrieved March 14, 2009
- ^ Highland Hose Company No. 5 of Nyack celebrates 100 years at the firehouse – Retrieved August 4, 2010
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Rockland Symphony Orchestra official site
- ^ Tappan Zee Playhouse, hudsonvalleyruins.org
- ^ West, Debra. "Palisades Center, the Rumor Mall; Rosie O'Donnell Wants to Know: Is It Really Going to Sink?". The New York Times. January 8, 1999
- Nyack official website
- NyackNewsAndViews.com Community News and Opinion for Nyack, NY
- TZXBus.com Personalized Bus/Train Schedules for the Tappan Zee Express from Rockland County to Grand Central Station
- Nyack Library Local History Image Collection Images of Nyack from the Nyack Library
- Top 10 Things to do in Nyack
Municipalities and communities of Rockland County, New York Towns Villages CDPs Other
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