Mineral acid


Mineral acid

A mineral acid (or inorganic acid) is an acid derived from one or more inorganic compounds. A mineral acid is not organic and all mineral acids release hydrogen ions when dissolved in water.

Characteristics

Commonly used mineral acids are sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and nitric acid (They are also known as bench acids). Mineral acids range from acids of great strength (example: sulfuric acid) to very weak (boric acid). Mineral acids tend to be very soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents.

Mineral acids are used in many sectors of the chemical industry as feedstocks for the synthesis of other chemicals, both organic and inorganic. Large quantities of these acids, especially sulfuric acid, nitric acid and hydrochloric acid are manufactured for commercial use in large plants.

Mineral acids are also used directly for their corrosive properties. For example, a dilute solution of hydrochloric acid is used for removing the deposits from the inside of boilers, with precautions taken to prevent the corrosion of the boiler by the acid. This process is known as descaling.

Examples

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • mineral acid — neorganinė rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Elektrolitas, kuris disocijuoja į H⁺ katijoną ir neorganinės rūgšties anijoną. atitikmenys: angl. inorganic acid; mineral acid rus. неорганическая кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mineral acid — noun : an inorganic acid the strong mineral acids, such as nitric, sulfuric, and hydrochloric W.C.Tobie …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mineral — Min er*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or of minerals; as, a mineral substance. [1913 Webster] 2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters. [1913 Webster] {Mineral acids} (Chem.), inorganic acids, as sulphuric …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mineral acids — Mineral Min er*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or of minerals; as, a mineral substance. [1913 Webster] 2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters. [1913 Webster] {Mineral acids} (Chem.), inorganic acids, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Mineral cotton — Mineral Min er*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or of minerals; as, a mineral substance. [1913 Webster] 2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters. [1913 Webster] {Mineral acids} (Chem.), inorganic acids, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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