- American League Against War and Fascism
The American League Against War and Fascism was a
Comintern[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,762515,00.html Revised Reds] , "Time", September 4, 1939] affiliate organization formed in 1933 by CPUSAand pacifists united by their concern as Nazismand Fascismrose in Europe. It published "The FIGHT against War and Fascism" broadsheet. Henry F. Ward, a Methodist minister and chairman of the American Civil Liberties Union, became chairman of the League. Communist publications were widely distributed throughout churches. It was a major campaign by the CPUSA to organize in churches and enlist members into the League.
Hermann F. Reissigof the League stated that church members had the duty "neither to commend nor to vindicate religious beliefs or organizations. Our function is to use religious forces in the defense of the masses of people."
The executive committee which did actually planning was known as the
Natal Bureau. On 9 August 1935 the Bureau issued a plan targeting trade unions and religious groups for special attention. Roman Catholicswere the first target. The plans targeted the International Association of Catholic Alumni, League of Catholic Men, Knights of Columbus, Catholic Association for International Peace, and various Catholic women's groups. Jewish religious, cultural, fraternal and Zionistgroups also were listed as targets. Among Protestants, attention was to be given to the YMCAministerial associations, local parishes, and adherents of the Lutheran and Reformed faiths, 'because of their German traditions and friendships.' "
By 1935 the League claimed membership of 3,291,906 Americans, which rose and to 7,836,691 by the outbreak of the European war in 1939. There were actual number of dues paying members was about 20,000. The League claimed 241 affiliated groups, eighty of them being in New York City.
In 1937 it became the American League for Peace and Democracy.
Helen Silvermasterwas associated with this group. [http://foia.fbi.gov/foiaindex/silversm.htm Nathan Silvermaster Group] , "Investigation reports", FBI]
The League dissolved after the 1939 signing of the
Hitler-Stalin pactdiscouraged its non-communist members.cite book
last = Klehr
first = Harvey
coauthors = John Earl Haynes, Fridrikh Igorevich Firsov
title = The Secret World of American Communism
publisher = New Haven Yale University Press
date = 1995
pages = pp. 10-11
isbn = 0300068557 ] Its communist elements then influenced the founding of the
American Peace Mobilizationfront.
* [http://home.datawest.net/esn-recovery/resrch/OIU's/oiu5pt1.htm#The%20Communists%20Discover%20the%20Churches Communists Discover the Churches]
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