Priscian of Lydia


Priscian of Lydia

Priscian (or Priscianus) of Lydia, who lived in the first half of the 6th century, was one of the last of the Neoplatonists.

A contemporary of Simplicius of Cilicia, Priscian was born in Lydia, probably in the late 5th century. He was one of the last Neoplatonists to study at the Academy when Damascius was at its head. When Justinian I closed the school in 529, Priscian, together with Damascius, Simplicius, and four other colleagues were forced to seek asylum in the court of the Persian king Chosroes. By 533 they were allowed back into the Byzantine Empire after Justinian and Chosroes concluded a peace treaty, in which it was provided that the philosophers would be allowed to return.

Two works of Priscian's have survived:
*"Answers to Chosroes" ("Solutiones ad Chosroen")
*An epitome of Theophrastus' "On the Soul" ("de Anima")

The "Answers to Chosroes" contain a series of answers to philosophical questions which were apparently posed to Priscian in a debate at the Persian court during his exile.

It has also been suggested that the commentary on Aristotle's "de Anima" attributed to Simplicius, was written by Priscian, [Steel C., in "Priscian, On Theophrastus on Sense-Perception and Simplicius' On Aristotle's On the Soul 2.5-12.", Cornell University Press, 1997. See [http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/bmcr/1999/1999-10-18.html Bryn Mawr Classical Review 1999.10.18] ] but this is disputed. [Hadot, I., [http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/brill/mne/2002/00000055/00000002/art00002 "Simplicius or Pricianus? On the Author of the Commentary on Aristotle's De Anima".] Mnemosyne, Volume 55, Number 2, 2002, pp. 159-199.]

Notes

References

*Sarton, G., "Introduction to the History of Science". Page 423. Williams & Wilkins. (1927).

External links

* [http://www.bu.edu/wcp/Papers/Medi/MediErha.htm Victoria Erhart: "The Context and Contents of Priscianus of Lydia's Solutionum ad Chosroem"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Priscian — Not to be confused with Priscian of Lydia. Priscian, or the Grammar, relief from the bell tower of Florence by Luca della Robbia Priscianus Caesariensis (fl. 500 AD), commonly known as Priscian, was a Latin grammarian. He wrote the Institution …   Wikipedia

  • Priskianos Lydos — (griechisch Πρισκιανός Λυδός Priskianós Lydós, auch Priskianos von Lydien, lateinisch Priscianus Lydus; † nach 532) war ein spätantiker griechischer Philosoph (Neuplatoniker). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke und Lehre 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Simplicius of Cilicia — Simplicius ( el. Σιμπλίκιος) of Cilicia, [Agathias, ii. 30; Suda, Presbeis ; it is inaccurately that the Suda ( Damascius ) calls him a countryman of Eulamius the Phrygian.] lived c. 490 c. 560 AD, was a disciple of Ammonius and Damascius, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Simplikios — (griechisch Σιμπλίκιος Simplíkios, lateinisch Simplicius; * um 490; † um 560) war ein spätantiker griechischer Philosoph (Neuplatoniker) im Oströmischen Reich. Er trat vor allem als Kommentator von Schriften des Aristoteles hervor, die er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theophrastus — Statue of Theophrastus, Orto botanico di Palermo Full name Theophrastus Born c. 371 BC Eresos Died c. 287 BC …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Pr — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Plato — For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation) and Platon (disambiguation). Plato (Πλάτων) …   Wikipedia

  • Plutarch — For other uses, see Plutarch (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Petrarch. Plutarch Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus Μέστριος Πλούταρχος Parallel Lives, Amyot translation, 1565 Born c …   Wikipedia

  • Chrysanthius — of Sardis was a Greek philosopher of the 4th century AD who studied at the school of Iamblichus. [1] He was one of the favorite pupils of Aedesius, and devoted himself mainly to the mystical side of Neoplatonism. The emperor Julian went to him by …   Wikipedia

  • Christian monasticism — Icon of Saint Anthony the Great, the founder of Christian monasticism. Christian monasticism is a practice which began to develop early in the history of the Christian Church, modeled upon scriptural examples and ideals, including those in the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.