- George Tupou V
George Tupou V King of Tonga Reign 11 September 2006 – present Coronation 1 August 2008 Predecessor Taufa'ahau Tupou IV House House of Tupou Father Taufa'ahau Tupou IV Mother Halaevalu Mataʻaho ʻAhomeʻe Born 4 May 1948
Tupou V was born on 4 May 1948. He is the eldest son of the late King Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV (b. 1918 - d. 2006), and Queen Halaevalu Mataʻaho ʻAhomeʻe (b. 1926). He was appointed Crown Prince on 4 May 1966. In daily life, he was better known by one of his traditional chiefly titles Tupoutoʻa.
The king attended primary school in Switzerland and secondary school at King's College in Auckland and The Leys School in Cambridge, and went on to study at Oxford University and the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in England.
As Crown Prince, Tupoutoʻa held great influence in Tongan politics, and was Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1979 to 1998. He has substantial business interests in Tonga and abroad, and is co-chairman of the Shoreline Group/Tonfön. As king, his first proclamation was that he would dispose of all his business assets as soon as reasonably possible, and in accordance with the law. Tonfön has since been sold, but the King was unable to get rid of the remainder of the Shoreline Group after the 2006 Nuku'alofa riots scared potential buyers from making a deal.
The King is unmarried, and has a daughter born out of marriage, 'Ilima Lei Fifita Tohi (born 1974). She married police officer Tulutulumafua i'Olotele Kalaniuvalu in 1997, and has three children. According to the Constitution of Tonga, ʻIlima is ineligible to inherit the throne, as only children born within Royal marriage may take the throne.
Monarchical styles of
King George Tupou V of Tonga
Reference style His Majesty
ko ʻene ʻafio
Spoken style Your Majesty
ko hoʻo ʻafio
Alternative style Sir
The ceremonial aspects of Tupou V's accession to the throne took place in July/August 2008. These were initially to be held in 2007, after the official mourning period for his father (6 months for close relatives) and his own birthday but, after the 2006 Tonga riots, he decided to focus on the reconstruction of the destroyed capital.
During a week of celebrations, two key ceremonies took place to mark Tupou's coronation.
On 30 July 2008, a Taumafa Kava ceremony (royal kava ring) was held on Malaʻe Pangai, the open space to the east of the Royal Palace. During the ceremony the King sat on a pile of handwoven pandanus mats on an open pavilion facing the sea, while more than 200 Tongan nobles and chiefs dressed in woven skirts and sea shells circled him. He wore the traditional Tongan ta'ovala woven mat skirt and a garland of flowers.
During this ceremony, Tupou V was formally recognised as the Tuʻi Kanokupolu, and the rightful descendent of King George Tupou I who united Tonga in the 19th century. The ceremony involved the presentation of kava to the King and assembled chiefs and nobles. Presentations of hundreds of baskets of food as well as 70 cooked pigs were made.
School children held 30,000 torches on this night to proclaim Tupou V's coronation to the world. A tupakapakanava, or traditional torch spectacle, an ancient honour accorded only to the monarch and the royal family, was held later at a spot overlooking the Pacific.
A formal, European-style, coronation ceremony took place on 1 August 2008 in the Centennial Chapel, Nuku’alofa. In an elaborate spectacle, the Anglican Archbishop of Polynesia Jabez Bryce invested Tupou V with the Tongan regalia, including the ring, sceptre and sword, and in the culmination of the ceremony, placed the Tongan Crown on his head. Royalty and nobility from around the world was in attendance.
Three days before his coronation on 1 August 2008, the King announced that he would relinquish most of his power and be guided by his Prime Minister's recommendations on most matters. The Prime Minister would also be in charge of day-to-day affairs. Tupou will still have the powers to appoint judges and commute prison sentences. The King also sold off lucrative business interests as part of the announcement. In addition, the King announced that there would be parliamentary reform and elections in 2010. Fielakepa, the spokesman for the royal palace, said, "The Sovereign of the only Polynesian kingdom ... is voluntarily surrendering his powers to meet the democratic aspirations of many of his people ... [The people] favour a more representative, elected Parliament. The king agrees with them."
In July 2010 the government published a new electoral roll and called Tonga's 101,900 citizens to add their names to the document so that they can take part in the historic vote, which was due to be held on 25 November. He would remain head of state, but lose his executive powers, including the ability to appoint the prime minister and ministers. However, it seemed certain that the Monarch would continue to appoint and administer the Judiciary of Tonga for the purposes of assuring political independence and neutrality is retained.
George Tupou VBorn: 4 May 1948
- ^ Crowning glory or a costly folly? George Tupou V's coronation divides Tonga The Sunday Times, July 29, 2008
- ^ Jane Phare (17 September 2006). "The madness of King George of Tonga". New Zealand Herald. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/story.cfm?c_id=2&ObjectID=10401690. Retrieved 2006-10-21.
- ^ Tongan Government Gazette Publication 20 and Gazette Publication 19 It might be argued that he became King on his swearing in (11 Sept, midday), or on the death of his father the night before. However, although the death of his father occurred on 10 September at 23:34 in New Zealand, Siaosi was in Tonga, where the time was 0:34, 11 September.
- ^ user account | Matangi Tonga Online
- ^ a b "King of Tonga crowned". TV New Zealand. 1 August 2008. http://tvnz.co.nz/view/page/411366/1960158. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ "Gutted pigs and narcotic drinks welcome new king of Tonga". London: guardian.co.uk,. 30 July 2008. http://www.guardian.co.uk/travel/2008/jul/30/tonga?gusrc=rss&feed=networkfront. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ a b Tedmanson, Sophie (1 August 2008). "Lavish coronation ceremony for new King of Tonga". London: TimesOnline. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article4440717.ece. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- ^ "Tonga's king to cede key powers", BBC, 29 July 2008
- ^ McMahon, Barbara (2008-07-29). "Tongan king promises 'more democracy' for Pacific island". London: Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/jul/29/1. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
- ^ "Tongan king to give up absolute rule". CNN. 2008-07-29. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/asiapcf/07/29/tonga.king/. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
- ^ a b "Feudal monarch agrees to give up much of his power". NZ Herald. 2008-07-29. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/category/story.cfm?c_id=72&objectid=10524265. Retrieved 2008-07-29.
- ^ "His Majesty King George Tupou V- A Monarch for a time of change". Fiji Daily Post. 2008-07-29. http://fijidailypost.com/feature.php?date=20080728&index=575. Retrieved 2008-07-28.
- ^ King of Tonga prepares to give up power
- ^ "Privy Council establishes Commission of Inquiry". Government of Tonga. 2010. https://www.pmo.gov.to/privy-council-approves-establishment-of-royal-commission-of-inquiry-into-reports-that-government-has-attempted-unduly-to-influence-the-independence-of-the-judiciary.html. Retrieved 2010-08-12. [dead link]
- ^ Rajong a magyarokért a Schmitt Pál által kitüntetett király
Regnal titles Preceded by
Taufa'ahau Tupou IV
King of Tonga
2006 – present
'Aho'eitu 'Unuaki'otonga Tuku'aho
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George Tupou V. — George Tupou V. (tongaisch: Siaosi Tupou V., voller Name: Siaosi Tāufaʻāhau Manumataongo Tukuʻaho Tupou V.; * 4. Mai 1948 auf Tongatapu) ist der gegenwärtige König des südpazifischen Inselstaates Tonga. Er war der älteste Sohn seines Vorgängers,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Tupou I. — George Tupou I. George Tupou I. (tonganisch: Siaosi Tupou I.; (* 4. Dezember 1797 in Niuʻui, Lifuka, Haʻapai; † 18. Februar 1893 in Nukuʻalofa, Tongatapu) war König von Tonga vom 18. November 1845 bis zu seinem Tode am 18. Februar 1893. Bevor er… … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Tupou I — George Tupou Ier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Georges Ier. Le roi George Tupou … Wikipédia en Français
George Tupou II — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al aut … Wikipedia Español
George Tupou V — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar … Wikipedia Español
George Tupou II. — Die Hochzeit von George Tupou II. mit seiner zweiten Frau, ʻAnaseini Takipō, im Jahr 1909 George Tupou II. (tonganisch: Siaosi Tupou II.; * 18. Juni 1874; † 5. April 1918) war von 1893 bis zu seinem Tod der König des südpazifischen Königreichs… … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Tupou V — Siaosi Tupou V Titre 5e roi des Tonga Actuellement en fonction … Wikipédia en Français
George Tupou II — Mariage du roi George Tupou II en 1909. George Tupou II (né le 18 juin 1874 et décédé le 5 avril 1918), fut roi de Tonga du 18 février 1893 au 5 avril 1918. C est le petit fils de George Tupou I, le fondateur de la monarchie tongienne … Wikipédia en Français
George Tupou I — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar … Wikipedia Español
George Tupou V — /dʒɔdʒ ˈtupoʊ/ (say jawj toohpoh) noun 1948–2012, king of Tonga 2006–12 … Australian English dictionary