Louisiana and Arkansas Railway


Louisiana and Arkansas Railway

Infobox SG rail
railroad_name=Louisiana and Arkansas Railway
logo_filename=LAlogo.jpg
logo_size=119
old_gauge=
marks=LA
locale=Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas
start_year=1898
end_year=1992
successor_line=Kansas City Southern
hq_city=Shreveport, Louisiana
The Louisiana and Arkansas Railway reporting mark|LA was a railroad that operated in the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. The railroad's main line extended 332 miles, from Hope, Arkansas to Shreveport and New Orleans. Branch lines served Vidalia, Louisiana (opposite Natchez, Mississippi), and Dallas, Texas.

History

The Louisiana & Arkansas Railway was incorporated in Arkansas in 1898 for the purpose of acquiring former logging railroad properties in Arkansas and Louisiana. The railroad was constructed and initially operated under the leadership of William Buchanan, a prosperous timberman with extensive investments in southwest Arkansas and northwest Louisiana. Buchanan's primary company, Bodcaw Lumber Company, was headquartered in Stamps, Arkansas, and that city also served as headquarters of the L&A until the late 1920s.

In 1910, the L&A Railway and Arkansas Southern Railroad were involved in a dispute over Louisiana taxes, a notable court case which ultimately was heard by the U.S. Supreme Court. [cite web| url=http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=218&invol=431| title=Arkansas Southern R. Co. v. Louisiana & A R Co, 218 U.S. 431 (1910)| date=1910-11-28| work=FindLaw| author=U.S. Supreme Court| accessdate=2007-01-10| ]

During the late 1920s, a group of investors led by Harvey C. Couch began acquiring Louisiana & Arkansas stock. These investors owned electric and telephone utilities in Arkansas and Louisiana, and believed that railroad ownership in their service area would also be profitable. When control of the L&A was thus secured on January 16 1928, [cite web| url=http://www.kcshs.org/schedule/subs/images/history/kcs_hist.htm| title=The Kansas City Southern Lines| author=Pitcher, Charles, Manager of DOT Compliance, KCS| date=July 1950| publisher=Kansas City Southern Historical Society| accessdate=2007-01-10| ] a new company was chartered in Delaware in 1928 to acquire the former Louisiana and Arkansas Railway Company and to acquire and lease the Louisiana Railway and Navigation Company. Louisiana Railway & Navigation operated a marginally profitable railroad between New Orleans, Shreveport and Dallas.

The L&A inaugurated a new premier passenger train, "The Shreveporter", on December 30, 1928, operating between Shreveport and Hope, Arkansas. This train carried a through Pullman sleeping car between Shreveport and St. Louis, Missouri, in conjunction with Missouri Pacific Railroad. A second named passenger train, "The Hustler", was added to provide overnight service between Shreveport and New Orleans, beginning on July 2, 1932.

The Harvey Couch interests began purchasing stock of the Kansas City Southern Railway (KCS) in 1937. After gaining control of the KCS in 1939, a decision was made to merge the two properties. Kansas City Southern was the surviving corporation, with the Louisiana & Arkansas as a KCS subsidiary, but the KCS president and the controlling stockholders were all from the L&A. This merger created "single line" railroad freight service between Kansas City and New Orleans, and on September 2, 1940, a new KCS-L&A diesel powered streamliner, the "Southern Belle", was inaugurated to connect the two cities.

In 1948, in a letter to Ernest W. Roberts, Harry Truman described the difficult working conditions for certain black workers employed by this railroad. [cite web| url=http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=591| title=Letter to Ernest W. Roberts| author=Truman, Harry S.| date=1948-08-18| work=TeachingAmericanHistory.org| accessdate=2007-01-10| ] [cite web| url=http://cehs.unl.edu/tcforum/spring/crm/truman.html| title=Truman Letter| author=Truman, Harry S.| date=1948-08-18| work=Multicultural Education| accessdate=2007-01-10| ]

The worst wreck in the history of the L&A occurred on August 10, 1951, when a northbound L&A troop train collided head-on with the southbound "Southern Belle" just north of Lettsworth, Louisiana; Lettsworth is located approximately 55 miles northwest of Baton Rouge, on a segment of the Texas and Pacific Railway over which L&A trains had operating rights. The troop train was traveling 40 mph (64 km/h) and the "Southern Belle" was moving at the maximum speed limit of 55 mph (89 km/h) when the collision occurred on a long curve where vegetation obscured visibility. Thirteen people were killed, and another eighty-two were injured. It was determined that the accident had occurred because the troop train had overlooked a train order to wait in a siding at Lettsworth to allow the passenger train to pass.

The identity of the Louisiana & Arkansas gradually disappeared in the 1950s and 1960s, as the Kansas City Southern name was adopted for all properties. By 1966, all reference to the Louisiana & Arkansas had disappeared from the annual stockholder reports of Kansas City Southern. "The Shreveporter", once the pride of the L&A, was discontinued on January 24, 1962, and the "Southern Belle" was discontinued on November 2, 1969, ending all passenger train service on the former Louisiana & Arkansas.

In 1992, Kansas City Southern dissolved the subsidiary Louisiana & Arkansas Railway, although the former L&A route continues to be a major component of the Kansas City Southern.

References

*cite book| title=The Louisiana & Arkansas Railway| author=Fair, James R.| year=1997| id=ISBN 0-87580-219-2|
*cite book| title=Southern Timberman, The Legacy of William Buchanan| author=Mayor, Archer H.| year=1988| id=ISBN 0-8203-0999-0|
*cite book| title=Harvey Couch, An Entrepreneur Brings Electricity to Arkansas| author=Wilson, Stephen| year=1986| id=ISBN 0-87483-025-7|
*cite book| title=Harvey Couch, The Master Builder| author=Wilson, Winston P.| year=1947|

External links

* [http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/LL/eql7.html Texas Handbook Online-L&A Ry.]
* [http://dotlibrary1.specialcollection.net/scripts/ws.dll?file&fn=6&name=R%3A%5CA-M%5CDOT%5CRailroad%5CWEBSEARCH%5C3419.PDF Interstate Commerce Commission Accident Report No. 3419]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Louisiana and Arkansas Railway — Le Louisiana and Arkansas Railway (L A)(sigle AAR: LA) était un chemin de fer américain de classe I qui opérait dans l Arkansas, la Louisiane, et le Texas. Sa ligne principale s étendait de Hope à Shreveport et La Nouvelle Orléans. Des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi Railroad — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi Railroad logo filename= logo size= old gauge= marks=ALM locale=Arkansas and Louisiana start year=1908 end year=present hq city=Crossett, ArkansasArkansas, Louisiana, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Louisiana and North West Railroad — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Louisiana and North West Railroad logo filename= logo size= old gauge= marks=LNW locale=Louisiana, Arkansas start year=1889 end year=present hq city=Homer, LouisianaThe Louisiana and Northwest Railroad reporting… …   Wikipedia

  • Texas and Northern Railway — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Texas and Northern Railway logo filename= logo size= system map size=180 map caption=Texas Northern map marks=TN locale=Lone Star, TX start year=1948 end year=present old gauge= hq city=Lone Star, TXThe Texas and… …   Wikipedia

  • Texas and Northern Railway — Le Texas and Northern Railway (sigle de l AAR:TN) fut créé en 1948 par l aciérie Lone Star Steel Company pour se connecter à la ligne du Louisiana and Arkansas Railway (devenu propriété du Kansas City Southern Railway). Le point de jonction se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Texas and Pacific Railway — Infobox SG rail railroad name=Texas and Pacific Railway logo filename=Texas and Pacific Railway logo.png logo size= old gauge= marks=TP locale=Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Arkansas start year=1871 end year=1976 successor line=Missouri Pacific… …   Wikipedia

  • Copper River and Northwestern Railway — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic District …   Wikipedia

  • Nahma and Northern Railway Locomotive No. 5 — Nahma and Northern Railway Locomotive #5 Nahma and Northern Railway Locomotive #5 on display in 2010 Power type Steam Builder Baldwin Company Serial number 38846 …   Wikipedia

  • Railway Mail Service — The United States Postal Service s Railway Mail Service was a significant mail transportation service in the US during the time period from the mid 19th century until the mid 20th century. The RMS, or its successor the Postal Transportation… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Arkansas railroads — The following railroads operate in Arkansas. Common freight carriers * Arkansas, Louisiana and Mississippi Railroad (ALM) * Arkansas Midland Railroad (AKMD) * Arkansas and Missouri Railroad (AM) * Arkansas Southern Railroad (ARS) * Bauxite and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.