Nervilia


Nervilia
Nervilia
Nervilia aragoana by Lewis Roberts
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Gastrodieae
Subtribe: Nervilliinae
Genus: Nervilia
Comm. ex Gaudich.
Species

About 65, see text

Synonyms

Cordyla Blume (preoccupied)
Haplostellis Endl.
Rophostemon Endl. (orth. var.)
Roptrostemon Blume
Stellorchis Thouars (orth. var.)
Stellorkis Thouars

Nervilia is a genus of orchid with about 65 species, 6 in Australia with 2 or 3 endemic and the rest widely distributed in tropical Asia,[1] with 16 in India,[2] and 5 in southern Africa. [3]

There are flowering and non-flowering varieties - the non-flowering plants have only a single leaf and are either ground-hugging or erect. The flowering varieties have a fleshy flower stem with only one or a few flowers and a leaf which arises later at the base of the dying flower stem. The flowers are rarely seen in the wild because they appear soon after the first heavy rains of the wet season and only live for 1 to 4 days.[4]

Nervilia is the sole member of its subtribe, the Nervilliinae.

Species include[5]:

  • Nervilia acuminata (J.J.Sm.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia adolphi Schltr., 1915
  • Nervilia affinis Schltr., 1924
  • Nervilia apiculata Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia ballii G.Will., 1980
  • Nervilia bandana (Blume) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia beumeei J.J.Sm., 1927
  • Nervilia bicarinata (Blume) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia borneensis (J.J.Sm.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia campestris (J.J.Sm.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia concolor (Blume) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia crociformis (Zoll. & Moritzi) 1978
  • Nervilia cumberlegii Seidenf. & Smitinand, 1965
  • Nervilia dilatata (Blume) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia falcata (King & Pantl.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia fordii (Hance) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia fuerstenbergiana Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia gammieana (Hook.f.) Pfitzer, 1888
  • Nervilia gassneri Börge Pett., 1990
  • Nervilia gleadowii A.N.Rao, 1992
  • Nervilia grandiflora Schltr., 1910
  • Nervilia hirsuta (Blume) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia hispida Blatt. & McCann, 1932
  • Nervilia holochila (F.Muell.) Schltr., 1906
  • Nervilia hookeriana (King & Pantl.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia ignobilis Tuyama, 1940
  • Nervilia imperatetorum Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia infundibulifolia Blatt. & McCann, 1932
  • Nervilia jacksoniae Rinehart & Fosberg, 1991
  • Nervilia juliana (Roxb.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia khasiana (King & Pantl.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia kotschyi (Rchb.f.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia lanyuensis S.S.Ying, 1989
  • Nervilia leguminosarum Jum. & H.Perrier, 1912
  • Nervilia lilacea Jum. & H.Perrier, 1911
  • Nervilia mackinnonii (Duthie) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia macroglossa (Hook.f.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia macrophylla Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia maculata (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia maliana Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia nipponica Makino, 1909
  • Nervilia oxyglossa Fukuy., 1937
  • Nervilia palawensis Schltr., 1921
  • Nervilia pallidiflora Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia pectinata P.J.Cribb, 1977
  • Nervilia peltata B.Gray & D.L.Jones, 1994
  • Nervilia petaloidea Carr, 1933
  • Nervilia petraea (Afzel. ex Sw.) Summerh., 1945
  • Nervilia platychila Schltr., 1906
  • Nervilia plicata (Andrews) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia porphyrophylla Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia punctata (Blume) Makino, 1902
  • Nervilia renschiana (Rchb.f.) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia sciaphila Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia seranica J.J.Sm., 1928
  • Nervilia shirensis (Rolfe) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia similis Schltr., 1915
  • Nervilia stolziana Schltr., 1915
  • Nervilia subintegra Summerh., 1938
  • Nervilia taitoensis (Hayata) Schltr., 1911
  • Nervilia taiwaniana S.S.Ying, 1978
  • Nervilia trichophylla Fukuy., 1940
  • Nervilia umenoi Fukuy., 1940
  • Nervilia uniflora (F.Muell.) Schltr., 1906
  • Nervilia winckelii J.J.Sm., 1918

Footnotes

  1. ^ Jones (2006), p. 280.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Plants of Southern Africa: an Online Check List
  4. ^ Jones (2006), p. 280.
  5. ^ Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. "Nervilia". World Checklist of Orchidaceae. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/qsearch.do. 

References

External links