Fort de Joux


Fort de Joux

The Fort de Joux or Château de Joux is a castle, transformed into a fort, located in La Cluse-et-Mijoux, in the Doubs département, in the Jura mountains of France. It commands the mountain pass "Cluse de Pontarlier".

During its long history, Fort de Joux has gone through successive stages of construction. The first construction was built of wood in the 11th century and a rebuilding was executed in stone in the 12th century by the lords of Joux. While others have improved or at least repaired during the course of its history Fort de Joux' most famous remodeler would be Vauban in 1690. Successfully besieged by Austria in 1814, it was later reinforced with the construction of the forts at Larmont during the 19th century. In 1879, Captain (later General) Joffre, then a military engineering officer, modernised it and transformed it into a fort.

It served as a prison for successive French governments between the 17th and 19th centuries. In this capacity, Fort-de-Joux is best known for serving as the site of imprisonment for Toussaint Louverture, who died there on April 7, 1803, Mirabeau and Heinrich von Kleist.

In addition to being employed as a prison, Fort-de-Joux has played a part in the defence of the region up until World War I.

The fortress currently houses a museum of arms which exhibits more than "six hundred rare weapons" dating from the early 18th to the 20th centuries, including a rare 1717 rifle. The castle also has a well which, at 120 m (393 ft), is one of the deepest in Europe.

Since 1949, the Fort de Joux has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture.

The Fort de Joux

Sources

  • Caroit, Jean-Michel "Independence of the first black republic - January 1, 1804" 02.01.04, appeared in Le Monde website contains translation and apparently the original. [1]
  • Francerama (travel website) [2]

See also

External links

This article incorporates information from the French Wikipedia article « fr:Fort de Joux » specifically from this version. Coordinates: 46°52′22″N 6°22′25″E / 46.87278°N 6.37361°E / 46.87278; 6.37361


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fort De Joux — Vue lointaine du chateau et de la cluse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fort de joux — Vue lointaine du chateau et de la cluse …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fort de Joux — Château de Joux Vue lointaine du château et de la cluse Type Château fort Début construction XIe siècle Fin construction XIXe  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fort de Joux — Château de Joux von La Cluse et Mijoux aus gesehen Blick vom Fuss des Château de Joux auf das gegenüberliegende Fort Larmont inférieur (Fort Mahler) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Fort Catinat Du Larmont Supérieur — Description Type d ouvrage Fort Dates de construction Ceinture fortifiée Utilisation Utilisation actuelle Propriété actuelle Garnison Armement de rempart …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fort Catinat du Larmont superieur — Fort Catinat du Larmont supérieur Fort Catinat du Larmont supérieur Description Type d ouvrage Fort Dates de construction Ceinture fortifiée Utilisation Utilisation actuelle Propriété actuelle Garnison Armement de rempart …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fort catinat du larmont supérieur — Description Type d ouvrage Fort Dates de construction Ceinture fortifiée Utilisation Utilisation actuelle Propriété actuelle Garnison Armement de rempart …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joux (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Joux est une commune française, située dans le département du Rhône et la région Rhône Alpes ; la vallée et le lac de Joux sont situés dans le massif …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joux, Fort de — (spr. fōr dö schū), s. Pontarlier …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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