- Great Neck, New York
official_name = Great Neck, New York
settlement_type = Village
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = U.S. Census Map
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Nassau
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 3.5
area_land_km2 = 3.5
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 1.4
area_land_sq_mi = 1.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 9538
population_density_km2 = 2726.8
population_density_sq_mi = 7062.3
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_m = 33
elevation_ft = 108
latd = 40 |latm = 48 |lats = 10 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 43 |longs = 53 |longEW = W
The Village of Great Neck is in the Town of North Hempstead. The term Great Neck is also commonly applied to the entire peninsula on the north shore, comprising a residential community of some 40,000 people made up of nine villages as well as
unincorporated areas (hamlets) of North Hempstead, of which it is the northwestern quadrant. No governing entity encompasses this larger Great Neck, but it is unified as a postal zone, a water district or two, a school district, and a park district.
Great Neck is within easy commuting distance of
Manhattan's Penn Station on the Port Washington Branchof the Long Island Rail Roadvia the Great Neck station, which is one of the most frequent served in the entire system. Indeed, it is the only station on the Port Washington Branch (except for Penn Station) served by all trains, both local and express.
Geography (Village of Great Neck)
The Village of Great Neck is located at coor dms|40|48|10|N|73|43|53|W|city (40.802671, -73.731255)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.5 km²), of which, 1.4 square miles (3.5 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.46%) is water.
Demographics (Village of Great Neck)
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 9,538 people, 3,346 households, and 2,552 families residing in the village. The population densitywas 7,062.3 people per square mile (2,727.9/km²). There were 3,441 housing units at an average density of 2,547.9/sq mi (984.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 85.33% White, 2.82% African American, 0.10% Native American, 4.94% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.28% from other races, and 3.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.17% of the population.
As of 2000 Great Neck was the second most Iranian place in the United States with 21.1% of its population reporting Iranian ancestry. [ [http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Iranian.html Iranian ancestry by city - ePodunk ] ]
There were 3,346 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the village the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $76,645, and the median income for a family was $89,733. Males had a median income of $52,445 versus $37,476 for females. The
per capita incomefor the village was $38,790. About 5.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
Great Neck, originally called "Madnan's Neck", was settled in the late 17th century, not long after settlers landed on
Plymouth Rock. The area had previously been inhabited by the Mattinecock Native Americans, who were pushed back by the colonists' expansion.
During the late 19th century Great Neck was the rail head of the Flushing and North Side Railroad, and began the process of converting from a farm village into a
In more recent days, Great Neck—in particular the incorporated village of Kings Point—provided a backdrop to
F. Scott Fitzgerald's book " The Great Gatsby". Thinly disguised as "West Egg", in counterpoint to Manor Haven/Sands Point which was the inspiration for the more posh "East Egg", the next peninsula over on Long Island Sound, Great Neck symbolized the decadence of the Roaring Twentiesas it extended out from New York Cityinto the then-remote suburbs. "The Great Gatsby's" themes and characters reflected the real-world transformation that Great Neck was experiencing at the time, as show-business personalities like Sid Caesarand the Marx Brothersbought homes in the hamlet and eventually established it as a haven for Jews, formerly of Brooklynand the Bronx.
The end of
World War IIsaw a tremendous migration of Ashkenazi Jewsfrom the cramped quarters to the burgeoning suburb. They founded many synagogues and community groups and pushed for stringent educational policies in the town's public schools. Jay Cantor's novel, "Great Neck," portrays the eponymous town of this era, with recently installed residents of various stripes all trying to secure the brightest futures for their children.
During the 1960s, many residents frequented the local pool and ice skating complex, Parkwood, but in the past fifteen years attendance has declined as homeowners built their own inground pools. (After the events of September 11, 2001, the ice skating rink was renamed in honor of Andrew Stergiopoulos, a local resident who was killed in the attack).
Things have changed in Great Neck since the
Baby Boomerera. In the 1980s, an influx of affluent Iranian Jews who left their country following the 1979 Islamic Revolution settled in Great Neck. Though the majority of their children attended Great Neck schools, they did not integrate into the existing Ashkenazi temples, instead starting their own Iranian synagogues, where they could follow Mizrahi traditions. The Persian community also established its own grocery shops.
From the late 1990s, the Great Neck peninsula has been home to another Jewish shift. During this time, more observant,
Orthodox Jewshave moved to the area. This is a similar trend to what has happened in the Five Townsarea on the South Shore of Long Island, although Reform and Conservative Jews appear to remain predominant in Great Neck.
On one road, Old Mill Road, there are three synagogues representing the three main branches of American Judaism: Temple Beth-El (Reform), Great Neck Synagogue (Orthodox), and Temple Israel of Great Neck (Conservative). Old Mill Road also has an honorific extra naming, "Waxman Way," in memory of Temple Israel's renowned rabbi, Mordechai Waxman, who led the congregation for 50 years.
Also beginning in the late 1990s and continuing till present day, a number of
East Asians, predominantly Chinese and Korean, have been moving into the area. Many of these families move to Great Neck for a better environment for their children as well as the well-known public school education. Great Neck's proximity to ethnic enclaves such as Flushing and Bayside make it ideal for East Asians.
The general trend is that the "North" part of Great Neck (whose students attend Great Neck North Middle and High) has a greater number of
Iranian families, while the "South" part (whose students attend Great Neck South Middle and High) has a larger East Asians population. The African-American population is low, district wide. The "South" catchment area also includes students from Manhasset Hillsand the Parkville section of New Hyde Park.
A point of controversy in the Village has been the erection of new synagogues.
Besides the synagogues, the Village also includes St. Aloysius Roman Catholic Church, All Saints Episcopal Church and cemetery, as well as a complex including Great Neck North High School and Great Neck North Middle School. The Parkwood pool and skating rink complex, the Village Green and sections of Kings Point Park are managed by the Great Neck Park District, giving the Village an unusually large amount of property not on the tax rolls.
Great Neck is protected by the
Nassau County Police Department, although the villages of Great Neck Estates, Kings Point and Kensington (villages on the peninsula but not within the village of Great Neck) have their own police departments.
Great Neck is served by three all-volunteer fire departments. The [http://www.alertfd.com Great Neck Alert Fire Company] was founded in 1901. [http://www.vigilantfd.com The Great Neck Vigilant Fire Company] was founded in 1904. Company 3 of the [http://www.mlfd.com Manhasset-Lakeville Fire Department] was founded in 1912, and Company 4 of the M-LFD was founded in 1926. Alert covers the northern part of the peninsula, providing fire and rescue response. Vigilant serves the middle portion of Great Neck with fire and rescue response. The [http://www.vigilantfd.com Vigilant Fire Company] also provides ambulatory services to both its own area, as well as Alert's territory, due to the fact that even though many members of Alert are licensed EMTs, Alert does not operate an ambulance. M-LFD Co. 3 and 4 serve the southern part of Great Neck, including the villages of Thomaston and Lake Success. These two companies offer fire and rescue services. The M-LFD Ambulance Unit operates two ambulances out of Co. 3's firehouse. In addition the Nassau County Police ambulance units cover EMS calls in the Manhasset-Lakeville territory.
Culture and tourism
Currently, Great Neck, connected to
New York Cityby the Long Island Rail Road, serves primarily as a bedroom community for New York City. As such, it contains few "touristy" attractions. Notable exceptions include:
Saddle Rock Grist Mill, a historical grain-mill; known to have been in operation as early as the 1700s.
United States Merchant Marine Academyin Kings Point
* Steppingstone Park
Great Neck School District
Great Neck residents, typically well-educated, are concerned about education and have high expectations for their school system. [ [http://www.greatneck.k12.ny.us/GNPS/Pages/profiles/vsprofile06.pdf Great Neck residents] ; URL accessed
November 9, 2006.]
Great Neck School Districtis the school districtof Great Neck, New York (also including parts of New Hyde Park and Manhasset Hills). About 6,000 students, grades K-12, attend the Great Neck Public Schools. There are three high schools: North High School, with an alternative program, Community School; South High School; and The Village School, a small alternative high school. There are also two middle schools and four elementary schools. Students have diverse backgrounds; they come from more than 40 countries and represent a broad socioeconomic range.
* High Schools:
Great Neck North High School
Great Neck South High School(William A. Shine Great Neck South High School)
Great Neck Village School(Alternative high school)
Great Neck North Middle School
Great Neck South Middle School
E. M. Baker Elementary School
John F. Kennedy Elementary School
Lakeville Elementary School
Saddle Rock Elementary School
Great Neck's two major high schools are rated among the top in the country. Its students have been frequent finalists in the
Intel Science Talent Search, and Great Neck has produced several Intel STS winners since 1999. In addition, the district has produced several high school winners of the international First Step to the Nobel Prize in Physics, awarded in Poland. In " Newsweek" magazine's annual list of the Top 1200 American High Schools, Great Neck's schools consistently rank in the top 50. In the 2007 list, Great Neck South is ranked 42nd, and Great Neck North is ranked 50th. [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/18757087/site/newsweek/]
People associated with Great Neck
Dan Ahdoot, comedian (graduated from Great Neck South High School and former resident)
David Baltimore(born 1938), Nobel prize winning biologist and former president of Caltech (former resident and high school graduate).Kerr, Kathleen. [http://www.newsday.com/community/guide/lihistory/ny-century_of_science_dissons,0,7662594.story "They Began Here: Around the country, leading thinkers in health and science can trace their roots to Long Island"] , " Newsday", July 16, 2008. Accessed September 17, 2008.]
Nikki Blonsky(born 1988), actress who stars as Tracy Turnblad in the 2007 film version of "Hairspray" and also to be in the 2008 movie "Harold" which was filmed in August 2007 in Great Neck North High School and Middle School
* Enea Bossi (1888-1963), Italian-American engineer and aviation pioneer
Oscar Brand(born 1920), folk singer and songwriter (resident)
Donald Brian(1877-1948), Broadway actor, singer and dancer
Algis Budrys(1931-2008), science-fiction author and editor (former resident)
Sid Caesar(born 1922), television pioneer known for " Your Show of Shows" (former resident)
Maurice Chevalier(1888-1972), actor and entertainer
Walter Chrysler(1875-1940), automobile pioneer, founder of the Chrysler Corporation
Mary L. Cleave(born 1947), space shuttle astronaut.
George M. Cohan, entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer, director, and producer (former resident)
Steven A. Cohen, hedge fund manager (SAC Capital), billionaire (former resident)
* Kenneth Cole, designer (attended school in Great Neck)
Francis Ford Coppola, film director (graduated from Great Neck High School [North] )
Andrew W. Cordier, Columbia Universitypresident (former resident)
Anthony Cumia, latter half of Opie and Anthony(resident)
Thomas DiNapoli, New York State Comptroller (resident)
Shay Doron, first Israeli layer to play in the Women's National Basketball Association
Quinn Early, former National Football Leagueplayer who was selected by the San Diego Chargersin the 3rd round of the 1988 NFL Draft. (Graduated from Great Neck South High School)
Percy Faith, orchestra conductor (former resident)
W. C. Fields, comedian and actor (former resident)
F. Scott Fitzgerald, novelist and author of " The Great Gatsby" (former resident)
Whitey Ford, New York Yankeespitcher (resident)
Jamie Gorelick, Clinton Administrationofficial (former resident)
Morton Gould, concert pianist (former resident)
Mark J. Green, former New York City Public Advocate and mayoral candidate (former resident and high school graduate)
Ilan Hall, chef and winner of reality television show " Top Chef" (former resident)
Oscar Hammerstein II, writer, producer and director of musicals (former resident)
Emily Hughes, member of the U.S. Figure SkatingTeam at the 2006 Winter Olympics
Sarah Hughes, Gold medalist in Figure Skating at the 2002 Winter Olympics
David Kahn, US historian, journalist, and writer on subjects of cryptography and military intelligence
Michael Karlan, founder of the nation's largest networking and socializing group, Professionals in the City(former resident)
Andy Kaufman, comedian and actor (former resident)
Josh Kopelman, American entrepreneur (former resident)
* Alan King, comedian and actor (former resident)
Christopher Lambert, actor (born in Great Neck)
Ring Lardner, sports columnist and short story writer (former resident)
* [http://daniellevine.org Daniel Levine] ,
Avant Guidepublisher (former resident)
Marx Brothers, stars of vaudeville and movies (former residents)
Minae Mizumura, novelist, essayist, critic, based in Tokyo, Japan. Author of " A Real Novel." (former resident)
Bobby Muller, Vietnam War veteran and anti-war activist (grew up in Great Neck)
Louise Nevelson, abstract sculptor (former resident)
Paul Newman, actor (former resident)
Eugene O'Neill, playwright (former resident)
Larry Poons, abstract painter (graduated from Great Neck High School [North] )
Dan Raviv, author and CBSTV and radio correspondent who hosts the " CBS News Weekend Roundup" (former resident)
Jordan Rudess, Keyboard Player for the band Dream Theater (grew up in great neck)
Tamir Sapir, Russian Born Cabdriver Billionaire. 12 Acre Estate on Pond Road.
George Segal, actor (resident)
Talia Shire, actress (former resident)
Harry F. Sinclair, oil industrialist (former resident)
Alfred P. Sloan, President of General Motors (former resident)
Seth Swirsky, songwriter and author
Norma Talmadge, actress (former resident)
Richard Tucker, operatic tenor (former resident)
William Kissam Vanderbilt II, railroad executive and yachtsman (former resident)
Robert Varkonyi, World Series of Pokerchampion (resident)
Sam Warner, one of the four brothers who were co-founders of Warner Brothers(former resident)
Mordecai Waxman, prominent rabbi in the Conservative movement and of Temple Israel of Great Neck (former resident)
Evan Wecksell, comedian,singer/songwriter (graduated from Great Neck South High School and former resident)
P. G. Wodehouse, English comic writer (former resident)
Herman Wouk, author (former resident)
* [http://www.mygreatneck.com Great Neck Community website]
* [http://greatneckvillage.org/ Great Neck Village website]
* [http://www.greatneck.k12.ny.us/ Great Neck Public Schools]
* [http://www.westegg.com/greatneck/ Great Neck unofficial website]
* [http://www.greatneckchamber.org/ Great Neck Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.westegg.com/greatneck/famous-people.html Some Famous Great Neckers]
* [http://www.westegg.com/greatneck/historic-sites.html Some Historic Sites in Great Neck]
* [http://www.alertfd.com Great Neck Alert Fire Company]
* [http://www.vigilantfd.com Great Neck Vigilant Fire Company]
* [http://www.mlfd.com Manhasset-Lakeville Fire Department]
* [http://www.greatnecklibrary.org Great Neck Library] whose circulation policy is to grant cards to residents of the school district.
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