Glen Cove, New York


Glen Cove, New York
Glen Cove, New York
—  City  —
Glen Cove location in Nassau County : the town is surrounded by Long Island Sound on the north and the town of Oyster Bay on the east, south and west
Glen Cove, New York is located in New York
Glen Cove, New York
Glen Cove location in Nassau County : the town is surrounded by Long Island Sound on the north and the town of Oyster Bay on the east, south and west
Coordinates: 40°52′2″N 73°37′40″W / 40.86722°N 73.62778°W / 40.86722; -73.62778Coordinates: 40°52′2″N 73°37′40″W / 40.86722°N 73.62778°W / 40.86722; -73.62778
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Government
 – Type Mayor-Council
 – Mayor Ralph Suozzi (D)
 – City Council
Area
 – Total 19.3 sq mi (49.9 km2)
 – Land 6.6 sq mi (17.2 km2)
 – Water 12.6 sq mi (32.6 km2)
Elevation 23 ft (7 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 26,964
 – Density 4,006.0/sq mi (1,546.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 11542
Area code(s) 516
FIPS code 36-29113
GNIS feature ID 0977339

Glen Cove is a city in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. As of the United States 2010 Census, the city population was 26,964.

Part of the early 20th century Gold Coast of the North Shore, Glen Cove has a diverse population. Glen Cove is one of the two of Nassau County's five municipalities which is a city, rather than a town. The other city in Nassau County is Long Beach.

Contents

Geography

The city is on the north shore of Long Island, adjacent to Long Island Sound. The hills that stretch along the north shore of Long Island, on which Glen Cove is built, are the terminal moraines left by glaciers of the last ice age.

Glen Cove is located at 40°52′2″N 73°37′40″W / 40.86722°N 73.62778°W / 40.86722; -73.62778 (40.867326, −73.627738).[1]

The City of Glen Cove is bordered on three sides by the Town of Oyster Bay. To the north, the city is bordered by Long Island Sound.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 square miles (50 km2), of which, 6.7 square miles (17 km2) of it is land and 12.6 square miles (33 km2) of it (65.51%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 26,622 people, 9,461 households, and 6,651 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,006.0 people per square mile (1,545.7/km²). There were 9,734 housing units at an average density of 1,464.7 per square mile (565.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.28% White, 26.40% African American, 0.29% Native American, 4.11% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 5.72% from other races, and 23.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.0% of the population.

There were 9,461 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $89,000 and the median income for a family was $108,000. Males had a median income of $61,900 versus $40,581 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,627.

Government

The mayor is Ralph V. Suozzi, cousin of former Nassau County Executive Thomas Suozzi.

Oyster Bay had jurisdiction over the area from the 1680s until 1917 when Glen Cove became a city.[3]

Glen Cove has its own fire protection, police, and emergency medical services. The fire department and emergency medical services are volunteer agencies.

The Office of Emergency Management is responsible for the planning, coordination and response to natural and manmade emergencies that occur within the City of Glen Cove.

History

Indigenous peoples had lived in the area for thousands of years. The Native Americans at the time of European contact were of the Lenape nation. The band by 1600 inhabiting the area was called the Matinecock Indians after their location; they were part of the Lenape.

Glen Cove was used as a port by English migrants from New England and named "Moscheto" before 1668. On May 24, 1668 Joseph Carpenter of Warwick, Rhode Island purchased about 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) of land to the northwest of the Town of Oyster Bay from the Matinecock. Later in that year he admitted four co-partners into the project – three brothers, Nathaniel, Daniel, and Robert Coles, and Nicholas Simkins, all residents of Oyster Bay. The five young men named the settlement later spelled,Musketa Cove, which in the Matinecock language means “place of rushes.” These settlers have been known since as the five original proprietors of Musketa Cove Plantation.[4]

In the 1830s, steamboats started regular service on Long Island Sound between New York City and Musketa Cove, arriving at a point still called "The Landing." New York City residents were reluctant to make the passage since "Musketa" sounded too much like mosquito. In 1834 village residents decided to change the name to Glen Cove (said to be the misheard suggestion "Glencoe", after the Scottish glen) now Glencoe, Scotland.[3][5] The village added population as workers arrived for jobs at the Duryea Corn Starch factory, which closed around 1900. The name "Duryea" was once suggested as city name to replace Mosquito Cove but rejected.[6]

By 1850 the village of Glen Cove had become a popular summer resort community for New York City residents. The railroad was extended to Glen Cove in 1867, providing quicker, more frequent service to New York City. The availability of the train and the town's location on Long Island Sound made it attractive to year-round residents, and the population grew.[4] On June 8, 1917, Glen Cove became an independent city, separating from the Town of Oyster Bay after 250 years.[3]

The vistas afforded of Long Island Sound from the town's rolling hills attracted late 19th-century industrial barons, including Charles Pratt, J. P. Morgan, and F. W. Woolworth. They built large private estates along the island's North Shore. This expanse of settled wealth was part of what would become known in the 1920s as the Gold Coast. Part of the Morgan property is now the city's Morgan Park and Beach.[4]

The mansions have since been turned to other purposes, most before the mid-20th century. John T. Pratt's house ("The Manor," designed by Charles A. Platt) is now the Glen Cove Mansion Hotel and Conference Center. George DuPont Pratt's estate, called Killenworth, was purchased by the Soviet Union government for use by its United Nations delegation. The Russians have used it for decades to house visitors and for weekend retreats for its UN staff. Both Nikita Khrushchev, then premier of the Soviet Union, and Fidel Castro, then president of Cuba, separately stayed at Killenworth in conjunction with appearances at the United Nations. Winfield Hall, the former home of F.W. Woolworth, is privately owned. The estate of Herbert L. Pratt, The Braes, was purchased by the Webb Institute, which operates it as a college for naval architecture.[7]

Like many other suburbs, Glen Cove grew rapidly in population after World War II, when new residential developments were completed that replaced pastureland and farms with subdivisions. Many families were second and third-generation descendants of eastern and southern European immigrants who had moved out from Queens or Brooklyn. In the late 20th century, immigrants have come generally from Latin America and Asia.

The U.S. Post Office at Glen Cove was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989 and the Justice Court Building was added in 1990.[8]

Economy

Acclaim Entertainment had its headquarters in One Acclaim Plaza,[9] located in Glen Cove. Acclaim bought the 3 story, 65,000 square feet (6,000 m2), Class A office building in 1994 for $4 million.[10]

Education

Public schools

The city of Glen Cove and its residents are serviced by the Glen Cove City School District. Children who live in the City attend the Eugene J. Gribbin School/ Katherine A. Deasy Elementary School for grades K-2 (pre-k offered at Deasy), Landing School/ Margaret. A. Connolly School for grades 3–5, Robert M. Finley Middle School for grades 6–8, and Glen Cove High School for grades 9–12. The Glen Cove City School District's "Paired Plan" has the Gribbin School & Connolly School paired as well as the Deasy School & Landing School paired, eventually leading students to meet at the Middle and High Schools.

Private schools

There are several private educational institutions inside the city boundaries:

Houses of worship

Transportation

  • Rail: The Long Island Railroad has three stations within the boundaries of the city: Sea Cliff, Glen Street and Glen Cove.
  • Bus: Long Island Bus routes #27 and #21.
  • Express Bus: Long Island Transit offers weekday commuter service between Glen Cove and Manhattan with stops in Midtown and the Wall Street area. WiFi service is available on board.

Culture

Glen Cove is the setting for former resident Josh Alan Friedman's 2010 autobiographical novel, Black Cracker. The book chronicles Friedman's Glen Cove childhood in the early 1960s and his primary education at South School, then the last segregated school in New York. For a time, Friedman was South School's lone white student.[13] The book dips into Glen Cove history and offers first-hand accounts of many lost and forgotten parts of the city, in particular the poor Black shanty town neighborhood of Back Road Hill.

Glen Cove is the headquarters of the American Stamp Dealers Association.

Movies and TV shows filmed

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c Antonia Petrash, Carol Stern, and Carol McCrossen, "HISTORY OF GLEN COVE", Nassau County Library
  4. ^ a b c Petrash, Antonia; Stern, Carol; McCrossen, Carol, "History of Glen Cove", Glen Cove Public Library, 2005
  5. ^ Henderson, Jeanne. "The History of Glen Cove, NY". Long Island Genealogy. http://www.longislandgenealogy.com/community.html#glencove. Retrieved October 13, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Glen Cove Community Profile", Podunk
  7. ^ MacKay, Robert B. et al. (1997). Long Island Country Houses and Their Architects, 1860–1940, Society for the Preservation of Long Island Antiquities. p 84
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  9. ^ "Headquarters." Acclaim Entertainment. June 23, 2000. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  10. ^ "Acclaim buys Glen Cove site." Real Estate Weekly. July 20, 1994. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  11. ^ All Saints Regional Catholic School
  12. ^ Webb Institute.com
  13. ^ http://nosuchthingaswas.blogspot.com/2010/09/coming-of-age-with-josh-alan-friedman.html Joe Bonomo. Coming of Age With Josh Alan Friedman
  14. ^ Fox, Margalit (April 29, 2010). "Leslie Buck, Designer of Iconic Coffee Cup, Dies at 87". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/30/nyregion/30buck.html. Retrieved May 31, 2010. 

External links


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