Joseph Déjacque

Joseph Déjacque

Joseph Déjacque (b. December 1821, Paris - d. 1864, Paris) was a French anarcho-communist poet and writer. He sought to abolish "personal property, property in land, buildings, workshops, shops, property in anything that is an instrument of work, production or consumption." ["Anarchist-Communism" by Alain Pengam]

Déjacque was the first to use the term "libertarian" in print in 1857 in a letter criticising Pierre Joseph Proudhon for an attack by the latter on feminism and his support for individual ownership of the product of labor and a market economy, saying: "it is not the product of his or her labor that the worker has a right to, but to the satisfaction of his or her needs, whatever may be their nature."dubious


Of unknown origins, Déjacque was first heard of when arrested as part of the revolutionary upheavals in France in 1848. Imprisoned for a time for socialist agitation, he was released but rearrested in 1851 and sentenced for two years for his collection of poems "Les Lazaréennes, Fables et Poésies Sociales". He escaped to London around the time of the December 2, 1851 coup d'état. While in Jersey between 1852 and 1853 he published "La question révolutionnaire", an exposition of anarchism.Dejacque, Joseph, [ "Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas - Volume One: From Anarchy to Anarchism (300CE-1939)] ", ed. Robert Graham; includes English translations from "The Revolutionary Question" and his 1857 letter to Proudhon.] From there he passed on the USA where he spoke to workers associations in New York and was a signatory to the programme of the First International there in 1855.Fact|date=July 2007

Whilst staying in New Orleans from 1856 to 1858, he wrote his famous anarchist utopia "L'Humanisphère, Utopie anarchique" but could not find a publisher. Returning to New York he was able to serialise his book in his periodical "Le Libertaire, Journal du Mouvement social". Published in 27 issues from June 9, 1858 to February 4, 1861, "Le Libertaire" was the first anarcho-communist journal published in America. As well as many articles on revolution and current political events both in France and the USA he attacked the hanging of John Brown after the raid on Harpers Ferry and propagandised for the abolitionist cause. His stay in New York ended when his work prospects ran out due to the economic slump occasioned by the outbreak of the American Civil War. He returned to London and then to Paris following the amnesty, where he died a few years later in extreme poverty.


See also

*Anarchism in France

External links

* [ Complete works in French, includes 1857 letter to Proudhon]
* [ Joseph Dejacque page] from the Anarchist Encyclopedia

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joseph - получить на Академике рабочий купон на скидку Sneakerhead или выгодно joseph купить с бесплатной доставкой на распродаже в Sneakerhead

  • Joseph Dejacque — Joseph Déjacque Anarchisme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Déjacque — (né le 27 décembre 1821 et mort en 1864 à Paris), militant et écrivain anarchiste, a créé le néologisme « libertaire », par opposition à libéral, dans son pamphlet De l Être Humain mâle et femelle Lettre à P. J. Proudhon publié en 1857… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Déjacque — Joseph Déjacque, nacido hacia diciembre de 1821 en París, fallecido en 1864, escritor anarquista francés. De orígenes desconocidos, se escuchó de él por primera vez cuando fue arrestado por formar parte de las Revoluciones de 1848 en Francia.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joseph Proudhon — Pierre Joseph Proudhon  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Victor Proudhon.  Pierre Joseph Proudhon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre-Joseph Proudhon — Portrait by Gustave Courbet, 1865 Full name Pierre Joseph Proudhon Born 15 January 1809(1809 01 15) …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre-Joseph Proudhon — « Proudhon » redirige ici. Pour l’article homonyme, voir Victor Proudhon. Pierre Joseph Proudhon Journaliste, écrivain, typographe, économiste, philosophe, député socialiste de la Seine, franc maçon, bouvier, commis batelier, en France… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Joseph Proudhon —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Victor Proudhon.  Pierre Joseph Proudhon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Libertarianism — This article is about the political philosophy. For Libertarian political parties, see Libertarian Party. For other uses, see Libertarianism (disambiguation). Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Anarquismo — A de anarquía, uno de los más famosos símbolos anarquistas. El anarquismo es una filosofía política y social que llama a la oposición y abolición del Estado entendido como gobierno, y por extensión, de toda autoridad, jerarquía o control social… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anarchist communism — Not to be confused with Libertarian communism or Libertarian Communism (journal) . Part of a series on Anarcho C …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.