- Lyneham, Australian Capital Territory
Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb
name = Lyneham
city = Canberra
state = Australian Capital Territory
pop = 4,132Census 2001 AUS|id=805055229|name=Lyneham (Statistical Local Area)|accessdate = 2006-11-16|quick=on ]
area = 5.5
propval = $377,000cite web
title = Property values in Lyneham
publisher = allhomes.com.au
url = http://allhomes.com.au/c/ah?a=uisu&i=467
accessdate = 2006-11-16]
postcode = 2602
est = 1928
fedgov = Fraser [cite web
Australian Electoral Commission
url = http://www.aec.gov.au/profiles/f/fraser.htm
accessdate = 2006-11-16 ]
ACTgov = Molonglo
near-nw = Kaleen
near-n = Mitchell
near-ne = Downer
near-w = Bruce
near-e = Dickson
near-sw = O'Connor
near-s = Turner
near-se = Braddon
Lyneham is a suburb of
Canberra, in the Australian Capital Territory. It is named after Sir William Lyne, premier of the Australian state of New South Walesfrom 1899 to 1901. The suburb was gazetted in 1928, but development did not commence until 1958. Like many other suburbs in inner Canberra, it is currently undergoing gentrification.
In 2001, the population of Lyneham was 4,136, including 58 (1.4%) Indigenous persons and 2,820 (68.2%) Australian-born persons. Only 40.3% of dwellings were separate houses (compared to the Australian average of 75.3%), while 29.2% were semi-detached (average: 8.9%), row or terrace houses and 26.6% were flats (average: 13.1%). 19.3% of the population were professionals, compared to the Australian average of 10.2%. Notably 12.3% worked in government administration, compared to the Australian average of 2.1%, although the Canberra-wide average is a very similar 12.6%. Lyneham is favoured by students and young adults with 18.6% of its population in the 15-24 year old age group (compared to the Australian average of 13.7%). The suburb has relatively few children under 15: 13.7%, compared to 20.6% Australia-wide. 34.9% of the dwellings are occupied by single person households, compared to the Australian average of 22.9%.
The suburb has experienced increasing popularity in recent years, evidenced by its high turnover rate: only 1,709 (42%) of its residents were at the same address 5 years prior to the 2001 Census. This is probably due to the large number of students in the suburb (Lyneham is a short distance from both the
Australian National Universityin Acton and the University of Canberrain Bruce) as well as the changing cost of living in the suburb (in the last 10 years the median house price has risen from $145,000 to $377,000.
Points of interest
Lyneham boasts many attractions for young and old including nature parks and bushland, proximity to the centre of Canberra, popular cafes including the famous
Tilley'sDevine Cafe and Gallery as well as the Front cafe and gallery, and a number of sporting facilities including the National Hockey Centre, Canberra Racecourse and the ACT Netball Centre. Every year Australia's best known car festival, Summernats, is held at the neighbouring [http://www.epic.act.gov.au Exhibition Park In Canberra (EPIC)] and nearby Dickson plays host to some of the best multicultural restaurants to be found in Australia's capital.
St Ninian's Uniting Church in Brigalow Street is the second-oldest church in Canberra, opened in 1873. It was founded as a Presbyterian Church by the Scottish community, many of whom had come to the area as shepherds. [cite web
title = A Brief History of the Church
publisher = St Ninian's Uniting Church
url = http://www.stninians.org.au/BriefHistory.htm
accessdate = 2006-10-24 ]
The style of the suburb has been evolving since development commenced in 1958. Older heritage style homes sit beside modern townhouse developments. Being one of the older suburbs in Canberra, Lyneham residents enjoy its leafy streets and established gardens. The streets are mostly named after artists and those associated with the development of Canberra in the early years. [cite web
title = Place Names
publisher = ACT Planning and Land Authority
url = http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/actlic/places/search/suburbResults.asp?suburbName=LYNEHAM&Submit=Continue
accessdate = 2006-11-16 ]
Lyneham is home to Lyneham High School, Lyneham Primary School and [http://www.bcc.act.edu.au/ Brindabella Christian College] .
Lyneham High School
For Information about Lyneham High School please go to the link above.
Lyneham Primary School
[http://www.lynehamps.act.edu.au/ Lyneham primary] has 300 to 400 students. After many years of declining enrolments there was a dramatic increase in enrolments in 2005. This was the first school in the ACT to increase enrolments after a long period of decline. Fact|date=February 2007
The part of Lyneham north of
Ginninderra Drivewas a relatively recent addition to the suburb of Lyneham, being built in the mid to late 1980s, while the rest of Lyneham dates back to the 1960s.
Residents of this area sometimes think of it as a separate suburb, even though it is part of the suburb of Lyneham. The area has one main road, Cossington Smith Crescent, which loops through the area with other streets coming off it. It also has a small shopping centre housing shops, a couple of restaurants and a number of small businesses.
North Lyneham backs onto a bush reserve which separates it from the suburb of
Kaleen. The walking trails in the reserve are popular with the local residents and provide scenic views of the inner northern suburbs of Canberrato the east and south and Belconnenand the Brindabella Rangesto the west.
Siluriancalcareous shales from the Canberra Formation is overlain by Quaternary alluvium.This rock is the limestoneof the original title of Canberra "Limestone Plains". Greywackefrom the Ordovicianage Pittman Formation is in the north west. [Henderson G A M and Matveev G, Geology of Canberra, Queanbeyan and Environs 1:50000 1980.]
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