- Authorized Economic Operator
The growth of global
tradeand increasing security threats to the international movement of goods have forced Customsadministrations to shift their focus more and more to securing the international trade flow and away from the traditional task of collecting customs dutiesThe World Customs Organisation ( WCO) recognising these developments drafted the WCO Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate global trade (SAFE) [http://www.wcoomd.org/files/1.%20Public%20files/PDFandDocuments/Capacity%20Building/Framework_of_standards_brochure_eng.pdf] . In the framework, several standards are included that can assist Customs administrations in meeting these new challenges. Developing an Authorised Economic Operator programme is a core part of SAFE.
An AEO is defined as:"“a party involved in the international movement of goods in whatever function that has been approved by or on behalf of a national Customs administration as complying with WCO or equivalent
supply chainsecurity standards. Authorised Economic Operators include inter alia manufacturers, importers, exporters, brokers, carriers, consolidators, intermediaries, ports, airports, terminal operators, integrated operators, warehousesand distributors”"
The WCO Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate global trade
The AEO concept is one of the main building blocks within the WCO SAFE Framework of Standards (SAFE). The latter is part of the future international Customs model set out to support secure trade. SAFE sets out a range of standards to guide international Customs Administrations towards a harmonised approach based on Customs to Customs cooperation and Customs to Business partnership.
SAFE is based on four core elements:
# harmonization of the advance electronic cargo information
# each country that joins SAFE commits to employing a consistent
risk managementapproach to address security threats
# on request of the Customs administration of the receiving nation, the customs administration of the sending nation will perform an outbound inspection of high-risk containers and cargo.
# definition of benefits that Customs will provide to businesses that meet minimal supply chain security standards and best practices.
The essence of the AEO-concept can be found in the Customs-to-Business partnerships. Operators can be accredited by Customs as AEOs when they prove to have high quality internal processes that will prevent goods in international transport to be tampered with. I.e.:
* Ensure the integrity of the information, i.e. what is said to be in a container, really is in the container and nothing else, more, or less;
* Ensure the integrity of its employees, that they will not put goods in the container that should not be there; and
* Secure access to its premises, to prevent unauthorised persons to put goods in the container.
As a result, customs will trust the operator and perform less or no inspections on goods imported or exported by or via the AEO. This benefits the mover of the goods as goods are available more quickly, which means lower transport costs. Customs benefits as scarce inspection capacity can be targeted better at cargo of unknown and potentially unsafe operators.
Different AEO programmes
Most members of WCO have acceded to the SAFE framework and it can be expected that in the next few years, the majority of customs administrations will introduce AEO-programmes.At present, AEO or similar programmes have been introduced in:
United States, under the name of C-TPAT(Customs-Trade Partnership against Terrorism) [http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/import/commercial_enforcement/ctpat/]
* The memberstates of the
European Union[http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/customs/policy_issues/customs_security/index_en.htm#auth_eco#auth_eco] , e.g. the UK [http://customs.hmrc.gov.uk/channelsPortalWebApp/channelsPortalWebApp.portal?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=pageImport_ShowContent&propertyType=document&id=HMCE_PROD1_028236] , Sweden [http://www.tullverket.se/se/Foretag/e_customs/authorised_economic_operator.htm] and The Netherlands [http://www.douane.nl/zakelijk/aeo/en]
New Zealand, under the name of Secure Export Scheme (SES) [http://www.customs.govt.nz/NR/exeres/CCD6BD23-0793-4B43-AF9A-2B56458F0B20,frameless.htm?NRMODE=Published]
Singapore, under the name of Secure Trade Partnership (STP) [http://www.customs.gov.sg/leftNav/trad/Supply+Chain+Security.htm]
Although all these programmes find their roots in the SAFE framework of standards, the approaches differ. E.g. the USA only allows importers to participate in C-TPAT where as the European AEO programme is open to all operators in the supply chain. The European AEO programme differs from the other programmes as that it has a wider scope, as it encompasses customs simplified procedures next to security and with that relates to compliance with all customs legislation, including customs duties.
The importance of coordinated, similar, programmes lies in the fact that the ultimate goal is to get all national programmes mutually recognized, meaning that AEO accreditions have the same value everywhere. As a result secure supply chains can be established, as all parts of the chain from origin (place of stuffing of the container) to destination (place of unpacking of the container) are deemed to be safe, albeit under different AEO programmes. This would greatly facilitate global trade. In the beginning of 2008 only one mutual recognition exists between New Zealand and the United States [http://www.customs.govt.nz/exporters/NZ+US+Mutual+Recognition+Arrangement.htm] , but several other countries and trade blocks are starting their negotiations about it, e.g. the US and the European Union [http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/resources/documents/customs/policy_issues/customs_security/TOR_MR_en.pdf]
supply chain security
* "Give your transborder supply chain a strategic lift" [http://web.mit.edu/scresponse/repository/Rice_Spayd_SCS_Transborder_SC.pdf]
* "Authorized Economic Operator - Cotecna " [http://www.cotecna.ch/COM/images/aeo_logo_en.pdf]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Economic Affairs — ▪ 2006 Introduction In 2005 rising U.S. deficits, tight monetary policies, and higher oil prices triggered by hurricane damage in the Gulf of Mexico were moderating influences on the world economy and on U.S. stock markets, but some other… … Universalium
ECONOMIC AFFAIRS — THE PRE MANDATE (LATE OTTOMAN) PERIOD Geography and Borders In September 1923 a new political entity was formally recognized by the international community. Palestine, or Ereẓ Israel as Jews have continued to refer to it for 2,000 years,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Supply chain security — refers to efforts to enhance the security of the supply chain: the transport and logistics system for the world s cargo. It combines traditional practices of supply chain management with the security requirements of the system, which are driven… … Wikipedia
уполномоченный экономический оператор — — [Упрощение процедур торговли: англо русский глоссарий терминов (пересмотренное второе издание) НЬЮ ЙОРК, ЖЕНЕВА, МОСКВА 2011 год] EN authorized economic operator [Trade Facilitation Terms: An English Russian Glossary (revised second… … Справочник технического переводчика
World Customs Organization — WCO Abbreviation WCO Formation January 26, 1953 (1953 01 26) (58 years ago) … Wikipedia
Zugelassener Wirtschaftsbeteiligter — Mit der VO (EG) Nr. 648/2005 vom 13. April 2005 wurde im Artikel 5a des Zollkodex (VO (EWG) Nr. 2913/92) zum 11. Juni 2005 der Status des Zugelassenen Wirtschaftsbeteiligten (ZWB) (en. Authorized Economic Operator (AEO)) eingeführt. Der ZWB… … Deutsch Wikipedia
AEO — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sigles d’une seule lettre Sigles de deux lettres > Sigles de trois lettres Sigles de quatre lettres … Wikipédia en Français
Уполномоченный экономический оператор — 3.3 Уполномоченный экономический оператор (authorized economic operator): Участник внешнеэкономической деятельности, чья деятельность получила одобрение федерального органа исполнительной власти по контролю и надзору в области таможенного дела,… … Словарь-справочник терминов нормативно-технической документации
ГОСТ Р 53662-2009: Система менеджмента безопасности цепи поставок. Наилучшие методы обеспечения безопасности цепи поставок. Оценки и планы — Терминология ГОСТ Р 53662 2009: Система менеджмента безопасности цепи поставок. Наилучшие методы обеспечения безопасности цепи поставок. Оценки и планы оригинал документа: 3.21 акт незаконного вмешательства (security incident): Любое действие или … Словарь-справочник терминов нормативно-технической документации
Computers and Information Systems — ▪ 2009 Introduction Smartphone: The New Computer. The market for the smartphone in reality a handheld computer for Web browsing, e mail, music, and video that was integrated with a cellular telephone continued to grow in 2008. According to… … Universalium