James Roosevelt

James Roosevelt

Infobox Military Person
name= James Roosevelt
born= birth date|1907|12|23
died= death date and age|1991|8|13|1907|12|23
placeofbirth= New York City, New York
placeofdeath= Newport Beach, California

caption= BGen James Roosevelt
allegiance= United States of America
branch= United States Marine Corps
serviceyears= 1936-1959 (USMCR)
rank= Brigadier General
commands= 4th RaiderBn
unit= 2nd RaiderBn
battles= World War II Battle of Makin Battle of Okinawa
awards= Navy Cross Silver Star
laterwork= U.S. Congress (California)

James Roosevelt (December 23, 1907 – August 13, 1991) was the oldest son of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Anna Eleanor Roosevelt. He was born in New York City at 125 E. 36th Street and graduated from Harvard University in 1930. His siblings were Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, Elliott Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt and John Aspinwall Roosevelt. Roosevelt married Betsey Cushing, one of the famous Cushing sisters. They were divorced in 1940, after having moved to Hollywood, California, where James had accepted a job with Samuel Goldwyn.

During World War II he was second-in-command of the 2nd Raider Battalion of the Marine Raiders, an early US Marine commando unit organized and trained to conduct guerrilla-style attacks behind enemy lines. Eventually he retired at the rank of Brigadier General, having been awarded the Navy Cross and Silver Star for combat service. James suffered from having flat feet, so while other Marines were required to wear boots, he was allowed to wear sneakers.Fact|date=April 2007

In 1950, Roosevelt was the Democratic nominee in the race for Governor of California. He was beaten handily by incumbent Earl Warren, who was elected for a third term.

Roosevelt was elected to the 84th Congress of the United States in November 1954, and served continuously from 1955 to 1965 as a Congressman from California.

In 1965, Roosevelt lost in an attempt to unseat Sam Yorty as Mayor of Los Angeles, California. The same year, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed him a delegate to the United Nations Economic and Social Council. Roosevelt gave up the post in December 1966 and became president of the International Overseas Services Management Company.

By the end of his life, he had had four wives and seven children, including James Roosevelt, Jr. Roosevelt died in Newport Beach, California in 1991 of complications arising from a stroke and Parkinson's disease. He was 83 and the last surviving child of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt.

ee also


* [http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/Whos_Who/Roosevelt_J.htm Brigadier General James Roosevelt, USMCR] , "Who's Who in Marine Corps History", History Division, United States Marine Corps.
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE3DE133BF937A2575BC0A967958260 New York Times obituary]

External links

*CongBio|R000426 Retrieved on 2008-07-08
* [http://www.mclm.com/tohonor/jroosevelt.html Brigadier General James Roosevelt, USMCR] - Marine Corps Legacy Museum

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